Open Philanthropy donations made

This is an online portal with information on donations that were announced publicly (or have been shared with permission) that were of interest to Vipul Naik. The git repository with the code for this portal, as well as all the underlying data, is available on GitHub. All payment amounts are in current United States dollars (USD). The repository of donations is being seeded with an initial collation by Issa Rice as well as continued contributions from him (see his commits and the contract work page listing all financially compensated contributions to the site) but all responsibility for errors and inaccuracies belongs to Vipul Naik. Current data is preliminary and has not been completely vetted and normalized; if sharing a link to this site or any page on this site, please include the caveat that the data is preliminary (if you want to share without including caveats, please check with Vipul Naik). We expect to have completed the first round of development by the end of March 2023. See the about page for more details. Also of interest: pageview data on analytics.vipulnaik.com, tutorial in README, request for feedback to EA Forum.

Table of contents

Basic donor information

ItemValue
Country United States
Affiliated organizations (current or former; restricted to potential donees or others relevant to donation decisions)GiveWell Good Ventures
Best overview URLhttps://causeprioritization.org/Open%20Philanthropy%20Project
Facebook username openphilanthropy
Websitehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/
Donations URLhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/giving/grants
Twitter usernameopen_phil
PredictionBook usernameOpenPhilUnofficial
Page on philosophy informing donationshttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/about/vision-and-values
Grant application process pagehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/giving/guide-for-grant-seekers
Regularity with which donor updates donations datacontinuous updates
Regularity with which Donations List Website updates donations data (after donor update)continuous updates
Lag with which donor updates donations datamonths
Lag with which Donations List Website updates donations data (after donor update)days
Data entry method on Donations List WebsiteManual (no scripts used)

Brief history: Open Philanthropy (Open Phil for short) spun off from GiveWell, starting as GiveWell Labs in 2011, beginning to make strong progress in 2013, and formally separating from GiveWell as the "Open Philanthropy Project" in June 2017. In 2020, it started going by "Open Philanthropy" dropping the "Project" word.

Brief notes on broad donor philosophy and major focus areas: Open Philanthropy is focused on openness in two ways: open to ideas about cause selection, and open in explaining what they are doing. It has endorsed "hits-based giving" and is working on areas of AI risk, biosecurity and pandemic preparedness, and other global catastrophic risks, criminal justice reform (United States), animal welfare, and some other areas.

Notes on grant decision logistics: See https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/our-grantmaking-so-far-approach-and-process for the general grantmaking process and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/questions-we-ask-ourselves-making-grant for more questions that grant investigators are encouraged to consider. Every grant has a grant investigator that we call the influencer here on Donations List Website; for focus areas that have Program Officers, the grant investigator is usually the Program Officer. The grant investigator has been included in grants published since around July 2017. Grants usually need approval from an executive; however, some grant investigators have leeway to make "discretionary grants" where the approval process is short-circuited; see https://www.openphilanthropy.org/giving/grants/discretionary-grants for more. Note that the term "discretionary grant" means something different for them compared to government agencies, see https://www.facebook.com/vipulnaik.r/posts/10213483361534364 for more.

Notes on grant publication logistics: Every publicly disclosed grant has a writeup published at the time of public disclosure, but the writeups vary significantly in length. Grant writeups are usually written by somebody other than the grant investigator, but approved by the grant investigator as well as the grantee. Grants have three dates associated with them: an internal grant decision date (that is not publicly revealed but is used in some statistics on total grant amounts decided by year), a grant date (which we call donation date; this is the date of the formal grant commitment, which is the published grant date), and a grant announcement date (which we call donation announcement date; the date the grant is announced to the mailing list and the grant page made publicly visible). Lags are a few months between decision and grant, and a few months between grant and announcement, due to time spent with grant writeup approval.

Notes on grant financing: See https://www.openphilanthropy.org/giving/guide-for-grant-seekers or https://www.openphilanthropy.org/about/who-we-are for more information. Grants generally come from the Open Philanthropy Fund, a donor-advised fund managed by the Silicon Valley Community Foundation, with most of its money coming from Good Ventures. Some grants are made directly by Good Ventures, and political grants may be made by the Open Philanthropy Action Fund. At least one grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/criminal-justice-reform/working-families-party-prosecutor-reforms-new-york was made by Cari Tuna personally. The majority of grants are financed by the Open Philanthropy Project Fund; however, the source of financing of a grant is not always explicitly specified, so it cannot be confidently assumed that a grant with no explicit listed financing is financed through the Open Philanthropy Project Fund; see the comment https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/october-2017-open-thread?page=2#comment-462 for more information. Funding for multi-year grants is usually disbursed annually, and the amounts are often equal across years, but not always. The fact that a grant is multi-year, or the distribution of the grant amount across years, are not always explicitly stated on the grant page; see https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/october-2017-open-thread?page=2#comment-462 for more information. Some grants to universities are labeled "gifts" but this is a donee classification, based on different levels of bureaucratic overhead and funder control between grants and gifts; see https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/october-2017-open-thread?page=2#comment-462 for more information.

Miscellaneous notes: Most GiveWell-recommended grants made by Good Ventures and listed in the Open Philanthropy database are not listed on Donations List Website as being under Open Philanthropy. Specifically, GiveWell Incubation Grants are not included (these are listed at https://donations.vipulnaik.com/donor.php?donor=GiveWell+Incubation+Grants with donor GiveWell Incubation Grants), and grants made by Good Ventures to GiveWell top and standout charities are also not included (these are listed at https://donations.vipulnaik.com/donor.php?donor=Good+Ventures%2FGiveWell+top+and+standout+charities with donor Good Ventures/GiveWell top and standout charities). Grants to support GiveWell operations are not included here; they can be found at https://donations.vipulnaik.com/donor.php?donor=Good+Ventures%2FGiveWell+support with donor "Good Ventures/GiveWell support".The investment https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/impossible-foods in Impossible Foods is not included because it does not fit our criteria for a donation, and also because no amount was included. All other grants publicly disclosed by open philanthropy that are not GiveWell Incubation Grants or GiveWell top and standout charity grants should be included. Grants disclosed by grantees but not yet disclosed by Open Philanthropy are not included; some of them may be listed at https://issarice.com/open-philanthropy-project-non-grant-funding

Donor donation statistics

Cause areaCountMedianMeanMinimum10th percentile 20th percentile 30th percentile 40th percentile 50th percentile 60th percentile 70th percentile 80th percentile 90th percentile Maximum
Overall 805 300,000 1,262,297 370 44,200 78,000 121,124 200,000 300,000 488,467 630,370 1,134,975 2,528,678 55,000,000
AI safety 84 330,000 1,864,104 370 24,350 55,000 150,000 265,000 330,000 495,685 705,000 1,450,016 2,652,500 38,920,000
History of philanthropy 4 25,000 60,708 2,000 2,000 2,000 25,000 25,000 25,000 50,000 50,000 165,833 165,833 165,833
Animal welfare 247 315,500 644,584 5,000 48,324 100,000 134,000 215,000 315,500 453,841 533,036 900,000 1,364,000 10,000,000
Criminal justice reform 199 150,000 611,018 5,000 40,000 50,000 75,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 280,000 491,000 900,000 50,000,000
Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness 50 454,025 1,804,338 10,000 25,000 44,627 169,600 300,000 454,025 570,000 1,300,000 2,588,162 3,556,773 19,500,000
Effective altruism 15 1,755,921 1,976,960 10,000 153,750 500,000 1,000,000 1,032,947 1,755,921 2,500,000 2,756,250 3,222,653 4,146,795 4,795,803
Global catastrophic risks 12 260,000 1,498,474 15,000 100,000 100,000 100,000 250,000 260,000 437,800 493,425 776,095 2,982,206 12,066,809
Migration policy 23 550,000 617,272 24,000 50,000 150,000 285,000 400,000 550,000 700,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 1,184,720 1,800,000
Macroeconomic stabilization policy 33 400,000 580,786 31,500 73,368 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 700,000 1,000,000 1,200,000 4,000,000
Land use reform 22 300,000 378,630 37,000 40,000 50,000 100,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 400,000 500,000 600,000 2,000,000
Scientific research 46 1,214,437 2,504,044 40,000 150,000 225,000 495,000 1,021,318 1,214,437 1,738,500 2,368,300 2,970,000 5,000,000 17,500,000
Global poverty 1 46,696 46,696 46,696 46,696 46,696 46,696 46,696 46,696 46,696 46,696 46,696 46,696 46,696
Global health 28 2,500,000 5,960,171 50,000 50,000 50,000 724,929 2,500,000 2,500,000 2,796,000 6,500,000 9,700,000 26,600,000 33,926,000
3 50,000 1,700,000 50,000 50,000 50,000 50,000 50,000 50,000 50,000 5,000,000 5,000,000 5,000,000 5,000,000
Organ donation 3 100,000 116,667 50,000 50,000 50,000 50,000 100,000 100,000 100,000 200,000 200,000 200,000 200,000
Climate change 6 2,000,000 2,179,372 76,234 76,234 500,000 500,000 2,000,000 2,000,000 2,500,000 3,000,000 3,000,000 5,000,000 5,000,000
Biomedical research 2 100,000 200,000 100,000 100,000 100,000 100,000 100,000 100,000 300,000 300,000 300,000 300,000 300,000
International relations 2 100,000 100,000 100,000 100,000 100,000 100,000 100,000 100,000 100,000 100,000 100,000 100,000 100,000
Drug policy 4 150,000 468,658 103,000 103,000 103,000 150,000 150,000 150,000 250,000 250,000 1,371,630 1,371,630 1,371,630
Global health and development 3 3,000,000 2,100,000 300,000 300,000 300,000 300,000 3,000,000 3,000,000 3,000,000 3,000,000 3,000,000 3,000,000 3,000,000
Rationality improvement 6 375,000 602,333 304,000 304,000 340,000 340,000 375,000 375,000 560,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 1,035,000 1,035,000
Cash transfers 4 2,500,000 5,571,311 500,000 500,000 500,000 2,500,000 2,500,000 2,500,000 2,500,000 2,500,000 16,785,244 16,785,244 16,785,244
Forecasting 2 500,000 1,025,000 500,000 500,000 500,000 500,000 500,000 500,000 1,550,000 1,550,000 1,550,000 1,550,000 1,550,000
Public services improvement and transparency 1 500,000 500,000 500,000 500,000 500,000 500,000 500,000 500,000 500,000 500,000 500,000 500,000 500,000
Politics 2 628,600 1,214,300 628,600 628,600 628,600 628,600 628,600 628,600 1,800,000 1,800,000 1,800,000 1,800,000 1,800,000
Global catastrophic risks|Global health|Animal welfare 1 1,000,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 1,000,000
Cause prioritization 1 2,674,284 2,674,284 2,674,284 2,674,284 2,674,284 2,674,284 2,674,284 2,674,284 2,674,284 2,674,284 2,674,284 2,674,284 2,674,284
Security 1 55,000,000 55,000,000 55,000,000 55,000,000 55,000,000 55,000,000 55,000,000 55,000,000 55,000,000 55,000,000 55,000,000 55,000,000 55,000,000

Donation amounts by cause area and year

If you hover over a cell for a given cause area and year, you will get a tooltip with the number of donees and the number of donations.

Note: Cause area classification used here may not match that used by donor for all cases.

Cause area Number of donations Number of donees Total 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012
Global health (filter this donor) 28 16 166,884,785.00 5,975,000.00 92,984,856.00 17,200,000.00 48,500,000.00 0.00 724,929.00 0.00 500,000.00 0.00 1,000,000.00
Animal welfare (filter this donor) 247 121 159,212,237.00 23,649,646.00 25,206,744.00 39,855,395.00 27,977,489.00 28,086,693.00 14,436,270.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
AI safety (filter this donor) 84 50 156,584,727.00 77,638,453.00 15,571,349.00 8,243,500.00 4,160,392.00 43,221,048.00 6,563,985.00 1,186,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Criminal justice reform (filter this donor) 199 124 121,592,586.00 50,000,000.00 0.00 2,552,300.00 20,448,485.00 20,089,473.00 23,916,338.00 1,140,990.00 3,000,000.00 445,000.00 0.00
Scientific research (filter this donor) 46 38 115,186,029.00 1,500,000.00 0.00 34,431,825.00 23,390,766.00 47,549,544.00 8,313,894.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness (filter this donor) 50 33 90,216,891.00 9,330,000.00 14,970,000.00 21,565,525.00 9,887,753.00 28,840,546.00 5,323,067.00 300,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Security (filter this donor) 1 1 55,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 55,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Effective altruism (filter this donor) 15 7 29,654,403.00 500,000.00 7,604,079.00 10,307,974.00 6,574,403.00 3,625,000.00 1,032,947.00 10,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Cash transfers (filter this donor) 4 2 22,285,244.00 17,285,244.00 0.00 2,500,000.00 2,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Macroeconomic stabilization policy (filter this donor) 33 13 19,165,947.00 5,073,368.00 2,567,079.00 3,150,000.00 2,450,000.00 1,405,000.00 1,906,500.00 2,179,000.00 435,000.00 0.00 0.00
Global catastrophic risks (filter this donor) 12 8 17,981,687.00 0.00 0.00 552,800.00 12,717,161.00 4,118,301.00 593,425.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Migration policy (filter this donor) 23 13 14,197,247.00 1,493,156.00 3,700,000.00 1,784,888.00 400,000.00 1,800,000.00 1,324,000.00 915,000.00 2,780,203.00 0.00 0.00
Climate change (filter this donor) 6 4 13,076,234.00 5,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5,000,000.00 2,576,234.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Land use reform (filter this donor) 22 13 8,329,865.00 1,600,000.00 600,000.00 3,440,000.00 890,000.00 640,000.00 387,000.00 772,865.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Global health and development (filter this donor) 3 1 6,300,000.00 0.00 0.00 3,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 3,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 300,000.00 0.00
(filter this donor) 3 3 5,100,000.00 50,000.00 50,000.00 0.00 5,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Rationality improvement (filter this donor) 6 1 3,614,000.00 0.00 375,000.00 0.00 1,560,000.00 340,000.00 1,339,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Cause prioritization (filter this donor) 1 1 2,674,284.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,674,284.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Politics (filter this donor) 2 1 2,428,600.00 0.00 0.00 1,800,000.00 0.00 628,600.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Forecasting (filter this donor) 2 1 2,050,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,550,000.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Drug policy (filter this donor) 4 4 1,874,630.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,371,630.00 0.00 250,000.00 253,000.00 0.00 0.00
Global catastrophic risks|Global health|Animal welfare (filter this donor) 1 1 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Public services improvement and transparency (filter this donor) 1 1 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00
Biomedical research (filter this donor) 2 2 400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 300,000.00 0.00 100,000.00
Organ donation (filter this donor) 3 1 350,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 200,000.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00
History of philanthropy (filter this donor) 4 4 242,833.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 165,833.00 0.00 2,000.00 25,000.00 50,000.00 0.00
International relations (filter this donor) 2 2 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Global poverty (filter this donor) 1 1 46,696.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 46,696.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total 805 439 1,016,148,925.00 199,094,867.00 163,629,107.00 206,384,207.00 169,277,429.00 188,431,668.00 71,937,589.00 7,655,855.00 7,843,203.00 795,000.00 1,100,000.00

Graph of spending by cause area and year (incremental, not cumulative)

Graph of spending should have loaded here

Graph of spending by cause area and year (cumulative)

Graph of spending should have loaded here

Donation amounts by subcause area and year

If you hover over a cell for a given subcause area and year, you will get a tooltip with the number of donees and the number of donations.

For the meaning of “classified” and “unclassified”, see the page clarifying this.

Subcause area Number of donations Number of donees Total 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012
AI safety 82 48 155,869,183.00 77,517,329.00 14,976,929.00 8,243,500.00 4,160,392.00 43,221,048.00 6,563,985.00 1,186,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness 43 27 88,826,891.00 9,330,000.00 14,080,000.00 21,565,525.00 9,387,753.00 28,840,546.00 5,323,067.00 300,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Global health/malaria/seasonal malaria chemoprevention 3 1 87,602,756.00 0.00 61,002,756.00 0.00 26,600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Criminal justice reform 90 66 87,076,556.00 50,000,000.00 0.00 708,300.00 11,595,885.00 11,623,433.00 8,803,938.00 900,000.00 3,000,000.00 445,000.00 0.00
Security/Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness/Global catastrophic risks/AI safety 1 1 55,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 55,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Global health/deworming 11 5 43,338,100.00 5,925,000.00 7,313,100.00 17,200,000.00 12,900,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Scientific research 18 16 36,965,878.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 17,410,766.00 16,717,500.00 2,837,612.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Animal welfare/factory farming 52 35 26,610,283.00 1,205,000.00 2,663,030.00 10,200,072.00 4,392,102.00 7,386,112.00 763,967.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Global health/nutrition/Vitamin A supplementation 3 1 24,268,000.00 0.00 17,768,000.00 0.00 6,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Animal welfare/factory farming/chicken/cage-free/corporate campaign 11 4 19,297,600.00 0.00 800,000.00 1,997,600.00 10,000,000.00 2,000,000.00 4,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Macroeconomic stabilization policy 30 12 18,915,947.00 5,073,368.00 2,517,079.00 3,150,000.00 2,250,000.00 1,405,000.00 1,906,500.00 2,179,000.00 435,000.00 0.00 0.00
Scientific research/malaria/gene drive testing and governance 1 1 17,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 17,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Scientific research/Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness 1 1 17,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 17,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Cash transfers/conditional cash transfers 1 1 16,785,244.00 16,785,244.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Animal welfare/factory farming/chicken/broiler chicken/cage-free/corporate campaign 4 3 14,911,430.00 0.00 5,501,000.00 6,638,000.00 2,772,430.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Effective altruism/movement growth 6 2 13,856,966.00 0.00 4,146,795.00 4,512,171.00 2,688,000.00 2,500,000.00 0.00 10,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Global catastrophic risks 7 5 13,529,961.00 0.00 0.00 552,800.00 12,717,161.00 260,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Animal welfare/meat alternatives/plant-based meat 6 4 12,351,000.00 11,100,000.00 1,159,000.00 92,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Criminal justice reform/prosecutorial reform 29 20 11,359,340.00 0.00 0.00 1,550,000.00 3,100,000.00 4,657,240.00 2,052,100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Scientific research/transformative R01 4 4 10,900,544.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10,900,544.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Animal welfare/factory farming/fish 16 12 10,762,673.00 500,000.00 815,924.00 2,595,429.00 1,053,813.00 5,261,808.00 535,699.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Climate change/geoengineering/solar radiation management 5 3 10,076,234.00 5,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,000,000.00 2,576,234.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Effective altruism/movement growth/career counseling 4 1 9,888,087.00 0.00 3,457,284.00 4,795,803.00 510,000.00 1,125,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Global health/malaria/bednets 2 1 9,151,000.00 0.00 6,651,000.00 0.00 2,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Land use reform 22 13 8,329,865.00 1,600,000.00 600,000.00 3,440,000.00 890,000.00 640,000.00 387,000.00 772,865.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Scientific research/transformative basic science 4 4 7,648,300.00 0.00 0.00 6,868,300.00 780,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Scientific research/human health and wellbeing 5 5 7,148,525.00 0.00 0.00 2,148,525.00 5,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Animal welfare/factory farming/chicken 14 13 6,790,775.00 0.00 1,965,057.00 831,466.00 0.00 2,994,252.00 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Classified total 802 436 1,011,048,925.00 199,044,867.00 163,579,107.00 206,384,207.00 164,277,429.00 188,431,668.00 71,937,589.00 7,655,855.00 7,843,203.00 795,000.00 1,100,000.00
Unclassified total 3 3 5,100,000.00 50,000.00 50,000.00 0.00 5,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total 805 439 1,016,148,925.00 199,094,867.00 163,629,107.00 206,384,207.00 169,277,429.00 188,431,668.00 71,937,589.00 7,655,855.00 7,843,203.00 795,000.00 1,100,000.00

Graph of spending by subcause area and year (incremental, not cumulative)

Graph of spending should have loaded here

Graph of spending by subcause area and year (cumulative)

Graph of spending should have loaded here

Donation amounts by donee and year

Donee Cause area Metadata Total 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012
Center for Security and Emerging Technology (filter this donor) 105,250,000.00 50,250,000.00 0.00 55,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Malaria Consortium (filter this donor) Global health/malaria FB Tw WP Site GW 87,602,756.00 0.00 61,002,756.00 0.00 26,600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Just Impact (filter this donor) 50,000,000.00 50,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security (filter this donor) Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness FB Tw WP Site 40,273,600.00 0.00 1,860,000.00 19,500,000.00 169,600.00 16,000,000.00 2,744,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
OpenAI (filter this donor) AI safety FB Tw WP Site TW 30,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Helen Keller International (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 24,268,000.00 0.00 17,768,000.00 0.00 6,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The Humane League (filter this donor) Animal welfare/Diet change/Veganism/Factory farming FB Tw WP Site TW 20,937,000.00 0.00 3,600,000.00 2,315,000.00 10,022,000.00 2,000,000.00 3,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Nuclear Threat Initiative (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 17,938,574.00 0.00 6,000,000.00 0.00 5,461,715.00 6,476,859.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Sherlock Biosciences (filter this donor) 17,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 17,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Target Malaria (filter this donor) 17,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 17,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Center for Human-Compatible AI (filter this donor) AI safety WP Site TW 17,110,796.00 11,355,246.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 5,555,550.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
New Incentives (filter this donor) 16,785,244.00 16,785,244.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The Good Food Institute (filter this donor) Animal welfare/meat alternatives FB Tw WP Site 16,500,000.00 10,000,000.00 0.00 4,000,000.00 0.00 1,500,000.00 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Sightsavers (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 15,206,100.00 2,796,000.00 2,710,100.00 9,700,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Machine Intelligence Research Institute (filter this donor) AI safety FB Tw WP Site CN GS TW 14,756,250.00 0.00 7,703,750.00 2,652,500.00 150,000.00 3,750,000.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Deworm the World Initiative (filter this donor) Global health/deworming Tw WP Site GW 14,503,000.00 0.00 4,103,000.00 0.00 10,400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Future of Humanity Institute (filter this donor) Global catastrophic risks/AI safety/Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness FB Tw WP Site TW 14,176,461.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12,066,809.00 1,994,000.00 115,652.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Centre for Effective Altruism (filter this donor) Effective altruism/movement growth FB Site 13,846,966.00 0.00 4,146,795.00 4,512,171.00 2,688,000.00 2,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Mercy For Animals (filter this donor) Animal welfare/Diet change/Veganism/Factory farming FB Tw WP Site TW 13,774,000.00 3,000,000.00 0.00 6,899,000.00 375,000.00 500,000.00 3,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Alliance for Safety and Justice (filter this donor) 11,750,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3,000,000.00 4,000,000.00 4,750,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Against Malaria Foundation (filter this donor) Global health/malaria FB Tw WP Site GW CN GS TW 11,651,000.00 0.00 6,651,000.00 2,500,000.00 2,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of Washington (Institute for Protein Design) (filter this donor) 11,367,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11,367,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Center for Global Development (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 10,968,212.00 0.00 1,250,000.00 3,333,550.00 49,942.00 1,800,000.00 3,000,000.00 0.00 1,184,720.00 350,000.00 0.00
University of California, Berkeley (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 10,397,595.00 660,000.00 0.00 1,942,579.00 1,345,000.00 6,450,016.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
80,000 Hours (filter this donor) Career coaching/life guidance FB Tw WP Site 9,888,087.00 0.00 3,457,284.00 4,795,803.00 510,000.00 1,125,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Redwood Research (filter this donor) 9,420,000.00 9,420,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Compassion in World Farming (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 8,091,811.00 0.00 1,228,407.00 4,061,319.00 10,720.00 2,791,365.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Animal Equality (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 7,790,890.00 0.00 1,901,000.00 215,000.00 2,772,430.00 2,402,460.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The Degrees Initiative (filter this donor) 7,500,000.00 5,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,000,000.00 0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Georgetown Center for Global Health Science and Security (filter this donor) 7,144,627.00 0.00 3,600,000.00 0.00 44,627.00 3,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Open Phil AI Fellowship (filter this donor) 7,060,000.00 1,300,000.00 2,300,000.00 2,325,000.00 1,135,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Arizona State University (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 6,421,402.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6,421,402.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
MIT Synthetic Neurobiology Group (filter this donor) 5,970,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3,000,000.00 0.00 2,970,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Center for Popular Democracy (filter this donor) WP 5,644,000.00 0.00 465,000.00 600,000.00 1,200,000.00 1,100,000.00 0.00 2,179,000.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00
Schistosomiasis Control Initiative (filter this donor) Global health/deworming Tw WP Site GW 5,629,000.00 3,129,000.00 0.00 2,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The END Fund (filter this donor) 5,500,000.00 0.00 500,000.00 2,500,000.00 2,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
GiveDirectly (filter this donor) Cash transfers FB Tw WP Site GW 5,500,000.00 500,000.00 0.00 2,500,000.00 2,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Carl Shulman Discretionary Fund (filter this donor) 5,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Californians Against Pandemics (filter this donor) 5,000,000.00 5,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
EicOsis Human Health, Inc. (filter this donor) 5,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Foundation for Food and Agricultural Research (filter this donor) Animal welfare FB Tw Site 4,944,000.00 0.00 944,000.00 0.00 3,000,000.00 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
VasoRx (filter this donor) 4,700,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4,700,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense (filter this donor) Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness FB Tw WP Site 4,688,162.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,588,162.00 500,000.00 1,300,000.00 300,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
JustLeadershipUSA (filter this donor) 4,440,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00 3,440,000.00 900,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of Southern California (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 4,308,500.00 320,000.00 0.00 2,250,000.00 0.00 0.00 1,738,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Dezernat Zukunft (filter this donor) 4,302,079.00 4,000,000.00 202,079.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Founders Pledge (filter this donor) Effective altruism/donor pledges FB Tw WP Site 4,255,600.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3,222,653.00 0.00 1,032,947.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
World Animal Protection (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 4,001,159.00 0.00 400,000.00 2,538,964.00 0.00 517,588.00 544,607.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Kyoto University (filter this donor) 4,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 4,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Prevent Cruelty California (filter this donor) Animal welfare/factory farming FB Tw Site 4,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Center for Applied Rationality (filter this donor) Rationality FB Tw WP Site TW 3,614,000.00 0.00 375,000.00 0.00 1,560,000.00 340,000.00 1,339,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Employ America (filter this donor) 3,550,000.00 1,000,000.00 1,250,000.00 1,300,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Humane Slaughter Association (filter this donor) Animal welfare Tw WP Site 3,518,316.00 0.00 0.00 570,402.00 0.00 2,947,914.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Global Food Partners (filter this donor) 3,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 3,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Wild Animal Initiative (filter this donor) 3,500,000.00 3,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Ought (filter this donor) AI safety Site 3,118,333.00 0.00 1,593,333.00 1,000,000.00 525,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The Justice Collaborative (filter this donor) 3,101,280.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,800,000.00 1,301,280.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Albert Schweitzer Foundation (filter this donor) 3,029,046.00 0.00 0.00 1,600,000.00 0.00 1,429,046.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Global Animal Partnership (filter this donor) Animal welfare FB Tw WP Site 3,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 1,000,000.00 500,000.00 1,000,000.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Pew Public Safety Performance Project (filter this donor) 3,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3,000,000.00 0.00 0.00
ClimateWorks Foundation (filter this donor) 3,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Alliance for Safety and Justice Action Fund (filter this donor) 3,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,000,000.00 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Fair and Just Prosecution (filter this donor) 3,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 1,500,000.00 0.00 1,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
L214 (filter this donor) 2,989,788.00 0.00 1,642,046.00 0.00 0.00 1,347,742.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Centre for the Governance of AI (filter this donor) 2,987,600.00 2,537,600.00 450,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Rutgers University (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 2,982,206.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,982,206.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Color of Change (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 2,937,872.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,000,000.00 1,030,000.00 907,872.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (filter this donor) WP 2,934,400.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,934,400.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
California YIMBY (filter this donor) 2,850,000.00 0.00 0.00 2,000,000.00 850,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
International Refugee Assistance Project (filter this donor) Migration policy/refugee assistance/legal help FB Tw Site 2,775,000.00 0.00 1,000,000.00 1,075,000.00 0.00 0.00 700,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Compassion in World Farming USA (filter this donor) Animal welfare/corporate campaigns FB Tw Site 2,708,750.00 550,000.00 78,750.00 0.00 1,500,000.00 30,000.00 550,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Global Priorities Institute (filter this donor) Cause prioritization Site 2,674,284.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,674,284.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Duke University (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 2,631,671.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,550,171.00 81,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Bipartisan Commission on Biodefense (filter this donor) 2,620,000.00 0.00 2,620,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of Michigan (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 2,546,696.00 0.00 0.00 2,500,000.00 46,696.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Harvard University (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 2,521,200.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 21,200.00 2,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Eurogroup for Animals (filter this donor) Animal welfare FB Tw WP Site 2,511,060.00 0.00 635,000.00 700,000.00 0.00 640,361.00 535,699.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Humane Society International (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 2,437,145.00 0.00 60,000.00 13,145.00 0.00 1,364,000.00 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The Center for Election Science (filter this donor) 2,428,600.00 0.00 0.00 1,800,000.00 0.00 628,600.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Montreal Institute for Learning Algorithms (filter this donor) AI capabilities/AI safety Site 2,400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of California, Los Angeles (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 2,368,300.00 0.00 0.00 2,368,300.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
New Partnership for Africa’s Development (filter this donor) 2,350,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,350,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of California, San Francisco (filter this donor) 2,346,318.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,521,318.00 825,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Center for International Security and Cooperation (filter this donor) WP 2,335,415.00 0.00 67,000.00 1,625,000.00 0.00 0.00 643,415.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
UCLA School of Law (filter this donor) Tw WP Site 2,312,317.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,312,317.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
CDC Foundation (filter this donor) Tw Site 2,258,938.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,044,501.00 0.00 1,214,437.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
theguardian.org (filter this donor) Site 2,236,600.00 450,000.00 900,000.00 0.00 0.00 886,600.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Humane Society International India (filter this donor) 2,139,124.00 0.00 0.00 1,039,124.00 0.00 1,100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Stanford University (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 2,137,455.00 661,584.00 6,500.00 0.00 106,771.00 1,362,600.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of Notre Dame (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 2,054,142.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,054,142.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of Pennsylvania (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 2,050,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,550,000.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Impact Justice (filter this donor) 2,050,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,050,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 2,021,705.00 0.00 925,000.00 36,957.00 231,677.00 828,071.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
California Institute of Technology (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 2,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 2,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
MIT Media Lab (filter this donor) 2,000,000.00 1,000,000.00 0.00 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Life Sciences Research Foundation (filter this donor) 1,950,000.00 0.00 0.00 1,170,000.00 780,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
People's Action (filter this donor) 1,927,640.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,927,640.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Rethink Priorities (filter this donor) Cause prioritization Site 1,921,185.00 811,185.00 910,000.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Economic Policy Institute (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 1,750,000.00 0.00 550,000.00 0.00 700,000.00 0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Future of Life Institute (filter this donor) AI safety/other global catastrophic risks FB Tw WP Site 1,736,000.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00 250,000.00 100,000.00 100,000.00 1,186,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 1,705,344.00 1,430,000.00 275,344.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Anima International (filter this donor) 1,700,000.00 0.00 0.00 1,700,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WildAid (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 1,700,000.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 500,000.00 0.00 700,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Boston Children's Hospital (filter this donor) 1,695,376.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,695,376.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Rockefeller University (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 1,600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The Wilson Center (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 1,556,194.00 291,214.00 864,980.00 0.00 400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Sightline Institute (filter this donor) 1,550,000.00 0.00 0.00 800,000.00 0.00 350,000.00 0.00 400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Berkeley Existential Risk Initiative (filter this donor) AI safety/other global catastrophic risks Site TW 1,508,890.00 0.00 150,000.00 955,000.00 0.00 403,890.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Purdue University (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 1,500,000.00 1,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The Humane Society of the United States (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 1,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Chinese Animal Welfare Institute (filter this donor) 1,489,201.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,489,201.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PICO National Network (filter this donor) 1,444,250.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,444,250.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Drug Policy Alliance (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 1,371,630.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,371,630.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
FAI Farms (filter this donor) 1,370,600.00 600,000.00 105,000.00 665,600.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Texas Organizing Project (filter this donor) 1,319,900.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,195,500.00 124,400.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Dao Foods (filter this donor) 1,315,000.00 1,100,000.00 215,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
U.S. Association for International Migration (filter this donor) 1,310,483.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,310,483.00 0.00 0.00
Reform Jails and Community Reinvestment Initiative (filter this donor) 1,291,000.00 0.00 0.00 491,000.00 800,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Real Justice PAC (filter this donor) 1,250,000.00 0.00 0.00 50,000.00 1,200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Sinergia Animal (filter this donor) 1,232,600.00 0.00 800,000.00 432,600.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 1,228,845.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,228,845.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Labor Mobility Partnerships (filter this donor) 1,209,888.00 0.00 500,000.00 709,888.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Just Liberty (filter this donor) 1,199,000.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00 569,000.00 0.00 530,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Wakker Dier (filter this donor) 1,180,000.00 1,180,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Animal Charity Evaluators (filter this donor) Animal welfare/factory farming/meta/charity evaluator FB Tw WP Site TW 1,150,000.00 0.00 650,000.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University Health Network (filter this donor) WP 1,134,975.00 0.00 0.00 1,134,975.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 1,110,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 350,000.00 0.00 425,000.00 0.00 335,000.00 0.00 0.00
Plant Based Foods Association (filter this donor) 1,105,000.00 0.00 0.00 855,000.00 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
International Cooperation Committee of Animal Welfare (filter this donor) 1,099,020.00 0.00 0.00 1,099,020.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
fair-fish international association (filter this donor) Animal welfare/fish Site 1,084,211.00 0.00 630,370.00 0.00 0.00 453,841.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Anima (filter this donor) Animal welfare/factory farming FB Tw WP Site 1,050,222.00 0.00 0.00 367,222.00 0.00 683,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Mercy Corps (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 1,000,000.00 0.00 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Ohio Safe and Healthy Communities Campaign (filter this donor) 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Population Services International (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,000,000.00
Open New York (filter this donor) 1,000,000.00 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Effective Altruism Foundation (filter this donor) Effective altruism/movement growth FB Tw Site 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Niskanen Center (filter this donor) WP 960,000.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 400,000.00 0.00 0.00 360,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Brooklyn Community Bail Fund (filter this donor) 909,600.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00 404,800.00 404,800.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Essie Justice Group (filter this donor) 900,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 300,000.00 600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Group Nine Media (filter this donor) 895,448.00 0.00 680,448.00 215,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of Rochester (filter this donor) Tw WP Site 893,156.00 893,156.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of Tübingen (filter this donor) 890,000.00 890,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Faith in Texas (filter this donor) 887,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 250,000.00 0.00 637,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Brighter Green (filter this donor) Animal welfare FB Tw Site 869,360.00 0.00 340,000.00 0.00 430,000.00 0.00 99,360.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PICO Action Fund (filter this donor) 866,188.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 866,188.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
National Council for Incarcerated and Formerly Incarcerated Women and Girls (filter this donor) 850,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 850,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Blackbird (filter this donor) WP 850,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 425,000.00 425,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Washington Center for Equitable Growth (filter this donor) 850,000.00 0.00 0.00 750,000.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Texas Organizing Project Education Fund (filter this donor) 821,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 56,000.00 765,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Center for a New American Security (filter this donor) 801,446.00 0.00 141,094.00 0.00 400,352.00 260,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Faith in Action (filter this donor) 800,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 800,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Animal Outlook (filter this donor) 794,200.00 0.00 44,200.00 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Crustacean Compassion (filter this donor) 786,830.00 786,830.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Center for Welfare Metrics (filter this donor) 784,586.00 0.00 784,586.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Harvard University Program in Criminal Justice Policy and Management (filter this donor) 783,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 783,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Federation of Indian Animal Protection Organisations (filter this donor) Animal welfare FB Tw WP Site 777,944.00 0.00 0.00 445,000.00 0.00 332,944.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
We Animals Media (filter this donor) 757,000.00 0.00 517,000.00 240,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The Ordinary People Society (filter this donor) 755,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 280,000.00 475,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The Greenfield Project (filter this donor) Animal welfare Site 750,000.00 0.00 0.00 250,000.00 0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Floridians for a Fair Democracy (filter this donor) 750,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 750,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Florida Rights Restoration Coalition (filter this donor) 736,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 688,000.00 48,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Project Peanut Butter (filter this donor) 724,929.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 724,929.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 713,380.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 613,380.00 0.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The Pollination Project (filter this donor) 670,800.00 0.00 75,800.00 362,000.00 0.00 0.00 233,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Ayni Institute (filter this donor) Criminal justice reform FB Tw Site 664,000.00 0.00 0.00 264,000.00 0.00 0.00 400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ACTAsia (filter this donor) Animal welfare FB Tw Site 650,000.00 0.00 300,000.00 0.00 350,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Peterson Institute for International Economics (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 650,000.00 0.00 0.00 400,000.00 0.00 0.00 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
California Renters Legal Advocacy and Education Fund (filter this donor) 640,000.00 0.00 0.00 340,000.00 0.00 0.00 300,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Dignity and Power Now (filter this donor) 632,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 632,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Voters Organized to Educate (filter this donor) 627,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00 305,000.00 222,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Jeanne Marchig International Centre for Animal Welfare Education (filter this donor) 624,004.00 0.00 0.00 368,188.00 0.00 255,816.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Essere Animali (filter this donor) 612,974.00 0.00 462,974.00 150,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
American Conservative Union Foundation (filter this donor) 612,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 212,000.00 200,000.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Wageningen University & Research (filter this donor) 607,779.00 519,434.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 88,345.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Abundant Housing Massachusetts (filter this donor) 600,000.00 600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
YIMBY Law (filter this donor) 600,000.00 0.00 600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Federation of American Scientists (filter this donor) 600,000.00 600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Protect the People (filter this donor) 600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Study and Training Related to AI Policy Careers (filter this donor) 594,420.00 0.00 594,420.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Early-Career Funding for Global Catastrophic Biological Risks (filter this donor) 570,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 570,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of Bern (filter this donor) Tw WP Site 560,000.00 0.00 410,000.00 0.00 150,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Greater Greater Washington (filter this donor) 550,000.00 0.00 0.00 300,000.00 0.00 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
LatinoJustice (filter this donor) 550,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50,000.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Aquaculture Stewardship Council (filter this donor) Animal welfare FB Tw WP Site 546,849.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 13,813.00 533,036.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
WestExec (filter this donor) 540,000.00 0.00 540,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Charity Entrepreneurship (filter this donor) 525,000.00 0.00 260,000.00 0.00 265,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Humane Society Legislative Fund (filter this donor) 525,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 525,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Environmental & Animal Society of Taiwan (filter this donor) 521,000.00 0.00 521,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
International Genetically Engineered Machine Foundation (filter this donor) 520,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 520,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of Toronto (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 520,000.00 0.00 520,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The Soze Agency (filter this donor) 516,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 300,000.00 0.00 216,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Mijente (filter this donor) 510,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 255,000.00 255,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The Humane League UK (filter this donor) 507,900.00 0.00 507,900.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
International Development Association (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00
Research Institute of Industrial Economics (filter this donor) 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Youth First Initiative (filter this donor) 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 250,000.00 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Effective Altruism Funds: Effective Altruism Infrastructure Fund (filter this donor) 500,000.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Engineers Without Borders USA (filter this donor) 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Changing Markets Foundation (filter this donor) 500,000.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Gamechanger Labs (filter this donor) 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 400,000.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Center for American Progress (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Dream Corps (filter this donor) 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Alliance for Open Society International (filter this donor) WP 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00
Rita Allen Foundation (filter this donor) 495,000.00 0.00 0.00 495,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of Cape Town (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 493,425.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 493,425.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Conservative Animal Welfare Foundation (filter this donor) 488,467.00 0.00 488,467.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Otwarte Klatki (filter this donor) Animal welfare FB Tw Site 483,214.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10,350.00 472,864.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Yale University (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 479,320.00 0.00 0.00 180,000.00 0.00 299,320.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Genspace (filter this donor) WP 469,025.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 469,025.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of Oxford (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 455,856.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 455,856.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
National Academy of Sciences Engineering and Medicine (filter this donor) 452,545.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 452,545.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Future of Research (filter this donor) 450,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 150,000.00 300,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Altruistic Technology Labs (filter this donor) 440,525.00 0.00 0.00 440,525.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Ethan Alley (filter this donor) 437,800.00 0.00 0.00 437,800.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Center for Popular Democracy Action Fund (filter this donor) 436,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00 305,000.00 31,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ImmigrationWorks Foundation (filter this donor) 435,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 150,000.00 285,000.00 0.00 0.00
Global Aquaculture Alliance (filter this donor) Animal welfare WP Site 435,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 435,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Animal Advocacy Careers (filter this donor) 432,000.00 0.00 432,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Farm Forward (filter this donor) Animal welfare FB Tw WP Site GS 431,691.00 0.00 0.00 166,000.00 165,691.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Court Watch NOLA (filter this donor) 425,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 300,000.00 125,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
International Genetically Engineered Medicine Foundation (filter this donor) 420,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 420,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
International Society for Applied Ethology (filter this donor) WP 405,242.00 0.00 229,830.00 0.00 135,412.00 40,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Justice Team Network (filter this donor) 400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Southerners On New Ground (filter this donor) 400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Fórum Nacional de Proteção e Defesa Animal (filter this donor) Animal welfare FB Tw Site 400,000.00 0.00 100,000.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Million Voters Project Action Fund (filter this donor) 400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Soko Tierschutz (filter this donor) 397,291.00 0.00 297,291.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Dyrevernalliansen (filter this donor) FB Tw Site 378,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 378,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
MoveOn.org Civic Action (filter this donor) 375,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 375,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vera Institute of Justice (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 358,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50,000.00 308,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Accountable Justice Project (filter this donor) 350,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 350,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Catalyst (filter this donor) 350,000.00 0.00 350,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Asia Research & Engagement (filter this donor) 340,875.00 0.00 0.00 340,875.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Colorado Criminal Justice Reform Coalition (filter this donor) 336,600.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 136,600.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Working Families Party (filter this donor) 336,500.00 0.00 0.00 117,300.00 109,600.00 109,600.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Animal Welfare Awareness, Research, and Education (filter this donor) 332,323.00 267,723.00 64,600.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
New York University (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 330,840.00 0.00 95,000.00 125,840.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 110,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Carnegie Mellon University (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 330,000.00 330,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Voice of the Educated (filter this donor) 325,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 325,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Sea-Long Global Respiratory Systems (filter this donor) 325,000.00 0.00 325,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Color of Change Education Fund (filter this donor) 321,228.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 321,228.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Griffith University (filter this donor) WP Site 320,000.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00 100,000.00 0.00 120,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Urban Institute (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 313,698.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 165,833.00 0.00 97,865.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Justice Strategies (filter this donor) 300,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Smithsonian Institution (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 300,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 300,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Cochrane Collaboration (filter this donor) Tw WP Site 300,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 300,000.00 0.00 0.00
Food Frontier (filter this donor) 300,000.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Safety and Justice Action Fund (filter this donor) 300,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 300,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Rescuing Biomedical Research (filter this donor) 299,112.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 299,112.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
People's Action Institute (filter this donor) 279,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 279,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
George Mason University (filter this donor) FB WP Site 277,435.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 277,435.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Smart Growth America (filter this donor) WP 275,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 275,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Grassroots Leadership, Inc. (filter this donor) 275,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 275,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Animal Rights Center Japan (filter this donor) 274,000.00 0.00 0.00 274,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Animal Nepal (filter this donor) 271,700.00 0.00 271,700.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
New Virginia Majority Education Fund (filter this donor) 270,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 220,000.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Princeton University (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 270,000.00 0.00 0.00 270,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Citizen Action of New York (filter this donor) 266,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 266,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of California, Santa Cruz (filter this donor) 265,000.00 265,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
North Carolina State University (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 252,725.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 252,725.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Community Justice Exchange (filter this donor) 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The People’s Lobby Education Institute (filter this donor) 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 125,000.00 125,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Corrections Accountability Project (filter this donor) 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 150,000.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of Cambridge (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 250,000.00 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Workers Center for Racial Justice (filter this donor) 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 125,000.00 125,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Waitlist Zero (filter this donor) WP 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 200,000.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00
Vote Safe (filter this donor) 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Georgetown University (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of Colorado (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 250,000.00 0.00 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
American Civil Liberties Union of Northern California (filter this donor) 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 250,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Washington Office on Latin America (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 245,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 245,000.00 0.00
Animal Welfare Standards Project (filter this donor) 238,212.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 238,212.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Animal Kingdom Foundation (filter this donor) 237,866.00 0.00 0.00 237,866.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology (filter this donor) 237,043.00 237,043.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Green Monday (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 226,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 226,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Civil Rights Corps (filter this donor) 225,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 25,000.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Science Philanthropy Alliance (filter this donor) 225,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 225,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Forward Justice (filter this donor) 225,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 150,000.00 75,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Prison Policy Initiative (filter this donor) WP 216,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00 66,000.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Citizens for Juvenile Justice (filter this donor) 215,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 75,000.00 75,000.00 65,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Reducetarian Foundation (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 214,190.00 200,000.00 14,190.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Certified Humane (filter this donor) 210,000.00 0.00 210,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
People for Animals (filter this donor) WP 209,392.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 120,000.00 89,392.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
We Got Us Now (filter this donor) 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
protocols.io (filter this donor) 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights (filter this donor) 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Texas Inmate Families Association (filter this donor) 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
BetaGov (filter this donor) 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00
Yes on Prop. 57 (filter this donor) 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Accountable Justice Collaborative (filter this donor) 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Roosevelt Institute (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ColorOfChange PAC (filter this donor) 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Material Innovation Initiative (filter this donor) 200,000.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
LEAD National Support Bureau (filter this donor) 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Encompass (filter this donor) 200,000.00 0.00 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Electronic Frontier Foundation (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 199,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 199,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Cynthia Schuck & Wladimir Alonso (filter this donor) 196,130.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00 96,130.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of Missouri (filter this donor) WP Site 189,000.00 0.00 189,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
AI Impacts (filter this donor) AI safety Site 182,000.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 100,000.00 0.00 32,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Daniel Dewey (filter this donor) 175,000.00 175,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Mount Kenya University (filter this donor) 167,766.00 167,766.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Crate-Free Illinois (filter this donor) 165,070.00 70,350.00 0.00 94,720.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The Ahimsa Collective (filter this donor) 165,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 150,000.00 15,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
National Network for Safe Communities (filter this donor) WP 161,040.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 161,040.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Center for Court Innovation (filter this donor) WP 160,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 160,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
AI Scholarships (filter this donor) 159,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 159,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Krystal Caldwell & Sydney Heiss (filter this donor) 156,781.00 0.00 156,781.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Promise of Justice Initiative (filter this donor) 156,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 75,000.00 0.00 81,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
One for the World (filter this donor) 153,750.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 153,750.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Family Farm Action (filter this donor) 153,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 153,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
BioBricks Foundation (filter this donor) 152,950.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 152,950.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Equalia (filter this donor) 150,000.00 0.00 150,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Dharma Voices for Animals (filter this donor) 150,000.00 0.00 150,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Pepperdine University (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 150,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 150,000.00 0.00 0.00
Berryville Institute of Machine Learning (filter this donor) 150,000.00 150,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The Ladies of Hope Ministries (filter this donor) 150,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 150,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Texas Freedom Network Education Fund (filter this donor) 150,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 150,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The University of Minnesota, Twin Cities (filter this donor) 150,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 150,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
American Civil Liberties Union Foundation of Oregon (filter this donor) 145,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 145,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Media Mobilizing Project (filter this donor) 140,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 140,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ReFrame Mentorship (filter this donor) 137,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00 37,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
SPCA Selangor (filter this donor) 134,000.00 0.00 0.00 134,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
RAND Corporation (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 133,751.00 0.00 30,751.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 103,000.00 0.00 0.00
Royal Veterinary College (filter this donor) 130,850.00 0.00 0.00 130,850.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
CAF America (filter this donor) 130,670.00 0.00 130,670.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Alianima (filter this donor) 130,000.00 0.00 130,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Hypermind (filter this donor) 121,124.00 121,124.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Project NIA (filter this donor) 121,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 121,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Animal Alliance Asia (filter this donor) 120,000.00 120,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Mass Liberation Project (filter this donor) 120,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 120,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
National Family Defense Project (filter this donor) 120,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 120,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Center for Strategic and International Studies (filter this donor) 118,307.00 0.00 118,307.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Justice Solutions (filter this donor) 112,613.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 112,613.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of Glasgow (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 109,552.00 0.00 109,552.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
VegeProject (filter this donor) 102,400.00 0.00 102,400.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of Edinburgh (filter this donor) 102,041.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 102,041.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
National Alliance of Faith and Justice (filter this donor) 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
US Cochrane Center (filter this donor) 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00
Sentient Media (filter this donor) 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Florida State University Project on Accountable Justice (filter this donor) 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Common Justice (filter this donor) 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Brookings Institution (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Plant-based meat startups (filter this donor) 92,000.00 0.00 0.00 92,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
GLOBALG.A.P. (filter this donor) 90,554.00 0.00 90,554.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
World Animal Net (filter this donor) 87,600.00 0.00 37,600.00 0.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Aubin Pictures (filter this donor) 85,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 60,000.00 25,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
People for Animals Uttarakhand (filter this donor) 85,000.00 85,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Institute for Advancement of Animal Welfare Science (filter this donor) 80,400.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 80,400.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Chicago Community Bond Fund (filter this donor) 80,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 80,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Better Eating International (filter this donor) 79,800.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 79,800.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Animal Welfare Action Lab (filter this donor) 79,100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 79,100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Animal Friends Jogja (filter this donor) 78,000.00 0.00 78,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Forum for Climate Engineering Assessment (filter this donor) 76,234.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 76,234.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
VOCAL-NY (filter this donor) 75,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 75,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Positive Money Europe (filter this donor) 73,368.00 73,368.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Legal Services for Prisoners with Children (filter this donor) 70,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 70,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Brian Christian (filter this donor) 66,000.00 66,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
David Manheim (filter this donor) 65,308.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 65,308.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Katal Center for Health, Equity, and Justice (filter this donor) 64,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 64,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Innovative Genomics Institute (filter this donor) 63,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 63,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Texas Fair Defense Project (filter this donor) 63,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 63,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Human Impact Partners (filter this donor) 60,990.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 60,990.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
International Farm Animal Welfare Fellowship (filter this donor) 58,050.00 0.00 58,050.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Claremont Graduate University (filter this donor) 57,000.00 0.00 0.00 57,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Johns Hopkins University (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 55,000.00 0.00 55,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Mission: Launch, Inc. (filter this donor) 55,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 55,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Asia for Animals (filter this donor) 52,400.00 0.00 52,400.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Texas After Violence Project (filter this donor) 52,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 52,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of British Columbia (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 50,186.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50,186.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Project South (filter this donor) 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Dispensers for Safe Water (filter this donor) 50,000.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Mothers Against Police Brutality (filter this donor) 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Changing Tastes (filter this donor) 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
College and Community Fellowship (filter this donor) 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
World Economic Forum (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 50,000.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Seattle for Everyone (filter this donor) 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
National Association of Community and Restorative Justice (filter this donor) 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Iodine Global Network (filter this donor) 50,000.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Georgetown University Initiative on Innovation, Development, and Evaluation (filter this donor) 50,000.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Helping Educate to Advance the Rights of Deaf Communities (filter this donor) 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 50,000.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Smart Justice CA (filter this donor) 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 25,000.00 25,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Georgia Institute of Technology (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Players Coalition Charitable Foundation (filter this donor) 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Institute of the Black World (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Prosecutor Impact (filter this donor) 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Development Media International (filter this donor) WP 50,000.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Columbia University (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Correctional Association of New York (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Living Goods (filter this donor) WP 50,000.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Food Fortification Initiative (filter this donor) 50,000.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Project Healthy Children (filter this donor) WP 50,000.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The Center on Poverty and Inequality (filter this donor) 50,000.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Detroit Justice Center (filter this donor) 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Animals Australia Federation (filter this donor) 48,324.00 0.00 0.00 48,324.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Commonwealth Veterinary Association (filter this donor) 46,355.00 0.00 15,000.00 0.00 31,355.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
American Civil Liberties Union Foundation (filter this donor) 45,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 45,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
American Society for Microbiology (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 43,149.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 43,149.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
New Economy Organisers Network (filter this donor) 42,285.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 42,285.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
SPIN Academy (filter this donor) 42,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 42,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Oxford University (filter this donor) 41,800.00 0.00 0.00 41,800.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Good Judgment Inc. (filter this donor) 40,000.00 0.00 40,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Voice of the Ex-Offender (filter this donor) 40,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 40,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Impact Alliance (filter this donor) 40,000.00 0.00 40,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
VOCAL-NY Action Fund (filter this donor) 40,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 40,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Harborlight Community Partners (filter this donor) 40,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 40,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Mamoreruinochi wo Mamorukai (filter this donor) 40,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 40,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
New York Working Families (filter this donor) 40,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 40,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
East Bay Forward (filter this donor) 40,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 40,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Better Boulder (filter this donor) 37,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 37,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
University of Sydney (filter this donor) 32,621.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 32,621.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Just Outcomes (filter this donor) 30,000.00 0.00 0.00 30,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Biosecure Ltd (filter this donor) 25,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 25,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Rice, Hadley, Gates & Manuel LLC (filter this donor) 25,000.00 0.00 25,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Rockefeller Archive Center (filter this donor) FB Tw Site 25,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 25,000.00 0.00 0.00
Distill (filter this donor) AI capabilities/AI safety Tw Site 25,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 25,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Vegan Women Summit (filter this donor) 25,000.00 0.00 25,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Free Migration Project (filter this donor) 24,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 24,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Sankalpa (filter this donor) 22,000.00 0.00 0.00 22,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Silicon Valley De-Bug (filter this donor) 20,600.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20,600.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
The Prodigal Child Project (filter this donor) 20,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Greenburger Center for Social and Criminal Justice (filter this donor) 20,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Press Shop (filter this donor) 17,000.00 0.00 17,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Tampere University (filter this donor) 15,000.00 0.00 0.00 15,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Momentum (filter this donor) 15,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 15,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Andrew Lohn (filter this donor) 15,000.00 0.00 15,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Brown Institute for Media Innovation (filter this donor) 15,000.00 0.00 15,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
InterAcademy Partnership (filter this donor) 14,605.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14,605.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
World of Good (filter this donor) 10,178.00 0.00 10,178.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Against COVID-19 (filter this donor) 10,000.00 0.00 10,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Associated Students of the University of California, Berkeley (filter this donor) 10,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Photo Patch Foundation (filter this donor) 10,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
GoalsRL (filter this donor) AI safety Site 7,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 7,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics (filter this donor) 6,683.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6,683.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Initiate Justice (filter this donor) 5,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
International Conference on Learning Representations (filter this donor) 3,500.00 0.00 3,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Daniel Kang|Jacob Steinhardt|Yi Sun|Alex Zhai (filter this donor) 2,351.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,351.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
ARNOVA (filter this donor) FB Tw WP Site 2,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Smitha Milli (filter this donor) 370.00 0.00 370.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total -- -- 1,016,148,925.00 199,094,867.00 163,629,107.00 206,384,207.00 169,277,429.00 188,431,668.00 71,937,589.00 7,655,855.00 7,843,203.00 795,000.00 1,100,000.00

Graph of spending by donee and year (incremental, not cumulative)

Graph of spending should have loaded here

Graph of spending by donee and year (cumulative)

Graph of spending should have loaded here

Donation amounts by influencer and year

If you hover over a cell for a given influencer and year, you will get a tooltip with the number of donees and the number of donations.

For the meaning of “classified” and “unclassified”, see the page clarifying this.

Influencer Number of donations Number of donees Total 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013
GiveWell 32 18 187,198,850.00 23,310,244.00 93,034,856.00 19,700,000.00 51,153,750.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Lewis Bollard 181 92 114,390,758.00 7,215,000.00 10,797,150.00 25,878,156.00 27,977,489.00 28,086,693.00 14,436,270.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Luke Muehlhauser 23 17 110,082,519.00 50,365,623.00 2,766,896.00 55,000,000.00 400,000.00 1,550,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Chloe Cockburn 188 117 67,323,586.00 0.00 0.00 2,258,300.00 20,098,485.00 20,089,473.00 23,916,338.00 960,990.00 0.00 0.00
Chris Somerville|Heather Youngs 24 22 65,471,566.00 0.00 0.00 30,213,300.00 23,890,766.00 11,367,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Zachary Robinson 3 3 55,600,000.00 55,600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Nick Beckstead 20 15 52,951,082.00 21,016,246.00 0.00 0.00 22,331,516.00 8,264,320.00 1,339,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Andrew Snyder-Beattie 8 6 37,910,000.00 4,330,000.00 14,080,000.00 19,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Jaime Yassif 17 13 33,451,483.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6,409,104.00 24,298,379.00 2,744,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Alexander Berger 63 30 33,173,588.00 1,073,368.00 3,867,079.00 8,958,438.00 2,890,000.00 3,245,000.00 6,530,500.00 3,094,000.00 3,215,203.00 300,000.00
Committee for Effective Altruism Support 7 4 18,955,386.00 0.00 9,647,412.00 9,307,974.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Amanda Hungerford 37 33 18,795,803.00 120,000.00 5,737,688.00 12,938,115.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Lewis Bollard|Amanda Hungerford 10 10 17,073,469.00 15,231,423.00 1,842,046.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Heather Youngs 6 6 16,410,519.00 0.00 0.00 1,134,975.00 0.00 15,275,544.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Claire Zabel 20 20 14,987,634.00 500,000.00 525,000.00 3,518,325.00 3,529,001.00 4,415,308.00 2,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Daniel Dewey 28 17 13,740,498.00 1,550,000.00 77,370.00 5,691,000.00 3,180,622.00 3,241,506.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Claire Zabel|Committee for Effective Altruism Support 2 1 10,356,250.00 0.00 7,703,750.00 2,652,500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Amanda Hungerford|Lewis Bollard 14 13 6,985,981.00 767,723.00 6,218,258.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Jacob Trefethen 5 5 5,600,000.00 5,000,000.00 600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Holden Karnofsky 1 1 5,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Catherine Olsson|Daniel Dewey 5 4 4,540,000.00 2,240,000.00 2,300,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Peter Favaloro 1 1 4,000,000.00 4,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Alexander Berger|Jacob Trefethen 1 1 3,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 3,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Zachary Robinson|Alexander Berger 3 3 2,000,000.00 0.00 2,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Heather Youngs|Chris Somerville 2 2 2,000,000.00 1,500,000.00 0.00 500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Willam MacAskill 1 1 1,800,000.00 0.00 0.00 1,800,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Helen Toner 2 2 1,796,222.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,796,222.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Classified total 736 403 918,006,093.00 199,094,867.00 163,629,107.00 204,384,207.00 168,280,733.00 123,580,878.00 51,466,108.00 4,054,990.00 3,215,203.00 300,000.00
Unclassified total 69 60 98,142,832.00 0.00 0.00 2,000,000.00 996,696.00 64,850,790.00 20,471,481.00 3,600,865.00 4,628,000.00 495,000.00
Total 805 439 1,016,148,925.00 199,094,867.00 163,629,107.00 206,384,207.00 169,277,429.00 188,431,668.00 71,937,589.00 7,655,855.00 7,843,203.00 795,000.00

Graph of spending by influencer and year (incremental, not cumulative)

Graph of spending should have loaded here

Graph of spending by influencer and year (cumulative)

Graph of spending should have loaded here

Donation amounts by disclosures and year

If you hover over a cell for a given disclosures and year, you will get a tooltip with the number of donees and the number of donations.

For the meaning of “classified” and “unclassified”, see the page clarifying this.

Disclosures Number of donations Number of donees Total 2017 2016 2015
Holden Karnofsky 3 3 33,274,000.00 30,000,000.00 3,274,000.00 0.00
Dario Amodei 2 2 32,970,000.00 30,000,000.00 2,970,000.00 0.00
Paul Christiano 3 3 30,804,000.00 30,000,000.00 804,000.00 0.00
Kevin Esvelt 2 2 18,020,000.00 17,500,000.00 520,000.00 0.00
Jaime Yassif 1 1 16,000,000.00 16,000,000.00 0.00 0.00
Nick Beckstead 7 7 8,356,435.00 3,119,000.00 4,051,435.00 1,186,000.00
Daniel Dewey 4 4 5,171,435.00 4,394,000.00 777,435.00 0.00
Unknown, generic, or multiple 4 4 3,846,000.00 1,125,000.00 1,535,000.00 1,186,000.00
Carl Shulman 2 2 3,029,000.00 1,994,000.00 1,035,000.00 0.00
Luke Muehlhauser 4 3 3,025,000.00 0.00 1,839,000.00 1,186,000.00
Adam Marblestone 1 1 2,970,000.00 0.00 2,970,000.00 0.00
Claire Zabel 1 1 2,500,000.00 0.00 2,500,000.00 0.00
Chris Olah 1 1 2,400,000.00 2,400,000.00 0.00 0.00
Lewis Bollard 3 3 2,364,000.00 1,364,000.00 1,000,000.00 0.00
Helen Toner 3 3 1,990,000.00 0.00 804,000.00 1,186,000.00
Chloe Cockburn 6 5 1,828,000.00 395,000.00 1,433,000.00 0.00
Ben Hoffman 1 1 1,186,000.00 0.00 0.00 1,186,000.00
Jacob Steinhardt 2 2 804,000.00 0.00 804,000.00 0.00
Alexander Berger 2 2 500,000.00 0.00 300,000.00 200,000.00
Howie Lempel 1 1 200,000.00 0.00 0.00 200,000.00
Classified total 25 23 83,003,435.00 70,778,000.00 10,839,435.00 1,386,000.00
Unclassified total 780 430 933,145,490.00 117,653,668.00 61,098,154.00 6,269,855.00
Total 805 439 1,016,148,925.00 188,431,668.00 71,937,589.00 7,655,855.00

Graph of spending by disclosures and year (incremental, not cumulative)

Graph of spending should have loaded here

Graph of spending by disclosures and year (cumulative)

Graph of spending should have loaded here

Donation amounts by country and year

If you hover over a cell for a given country and year, you will get a tooltip with the number of donees and the number of donations.

For the meaning of “classified” and “unclassified”, see the page clarifying this.

Country Number of donations Number of donees Total 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012
United States 293 176 177,684,057.00 58,820,350.00 3,165,000.00 8,623,020.00 39,966,691.00 24,305,303.00 33,172,838.00 5,062,855.00 4,023,000.00 445,000.00 100,000.00
Burkina Faso|Chad|Nigeria|Togo 2 1 61,002,756.00 0.00 61,002,756.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Nigeria|Burkina Faso|Chad 1 1 26,600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 26,600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Nigeria 2 2 17,785,244.00 16,785,244.00 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
China 30 19 13,076,538.00 600,000.00 1,300,670.00 5,160,698.00 2,419,387.00 1,893,604.00 1,702,179.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Guinea|Mali|Burkina Faso|Côte d'Ivoire|Niger|Democratic Republic of the Congo|Nigeria 1 1 9,709,000.00 0.00 9,709,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Democratic Republic of the Congo|Guinea 1 1 6,651,000.00 0.00 6,651,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
United States|Canada|Brazil|Mexico 1 1 6,638,000.00 0.00 0.00 6,638,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
United Kingdom 7 4 5,476,034.00 786,830.00 913,467.00 2,169,429.00 231,677.00 1,374,631.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Europe 3 2 4,173,368.00 4,073,368.00 0.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Kenya|Nigeria|Ghana|Indonesia 1 1 4,103,000.00 0.00 4,103,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
India 11 7 4,049,815.00 85,000.00 15,000.00 1,484,124.00 31,355.00 2,344,944.00 89,392.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Germany|Italy|Spain|United Kingdom 2 1 4,011,460.00 0.00 1,901,000.00 0.00 0.00 2,110,460.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
European Union 6 1 3,501,060.00 0.00 635,000.00 700,000.00 990,000.00 640,361.00 535,699.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Alexander Berger 5 3 3,450,000.00 0.00 0.00 2,000,000.00 850,000.00 600,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
United States|Latin America 1 1 3,000,000.00 3,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
France 2 1 2,989,788.00 0.00 1,642,046.00 0.00 0.00 1,347,742.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Nigeria|Cameroon|Demoocratic Republic of the Congo 1 1 2,796,000.00 2,796,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
United States|Brazil|Italy|Mexico|Spain 1 1 2,772,430.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,772,430.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Nigeria|Cameroon|Democratic Republic of the Congo 1 1 2,710,100.00 0.00 2,710,100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
United States|Haiti 3 2 1,910,483.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 600,000.00 0.00 1,310,483.00 0.00 0.00
Ukraine|Norway|Denmark|Poland 1 1 1,700,000.00 0.00 0.00 1,700,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Germany 3 2 1,519,139.00 0.00 202,079.00 0.00 0.00 1,317,060.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Indonesia|Japan|South Korea 1 1 1,364,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,364,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Asia 4 4 1,282,578.00 1,220,000.00 62,578.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Netherlands 1 1 1,180,000.00 1,180,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Kenya 2 2 1,060,922.00 1,060,922.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Classified total 439 259 388,750,148.00 91,412,480.00 98,550,661.00 31,770,834.00 74,725,825.00 38,973,955.00 40,270,055.00 5,667,855.00 5,833,483.00 445,000.00 1,100,000.00
Unclassified total 366 212 627,398,777.00 107,682,387.00 65,078,446.00 174,613,373.00 94,551,604.00 149,457,713.00 31,667,534.00 1,988,000.00 2,009,720.00 350,000.00 0.00
Total 805 439 1,016,148,925.00 199,094,867.00 163,629,107.00 206,384,207.00 169,277,429.00 188,431,668.00 71,937,589.00 7,655,855.00 7,843,203.00 795,000.00 1,100,000.00

Graph of spending by country and year (incremental, not cumulative)

Graph of spending should have loaded here

Graph of spending by country and year (cumulative)

Graph of spending should have loaded here

Full list of documents in reverse chronological order (130 documents)

Title (URL linked)Publication dateAuthorPublisherAffected donorsAffected doneesAffected influencersDocument scopeCause areaNotes
EA Infrastructure Fund: May–August 2021 grant recommendations (GW, IR)2021-12-24Max Daniel Buck Shlegeris Chi Nguyen Michael Aird Effective Altruism ForumEffective Altruism Funds: Effective Altruism Infrastructure Fund Jaan Tallinn Open Philanthropy Effective Altruism Funds: Effective Altruism Infrastructure Fund Periodic donation list documentationEffective altruismIn this cross-post of https://funds.effectivealtruism.org/funds/payouts/may-august-2021-ea-infrastructure-fund-grants the EA Infrastructure Fund managers document grants made from May 2021 to August 2021, and also provide general updates about the fund's current state of operations, including estimates of grantmaking and funds received in 2021 as well as acceptance rate. It also mentions grants to the fund from Jaan Tallinn (based on the Survival and Flourishing Fund process) and Open Philanthropy. Ozzie Gooen offers a "quick take" in the comments.
2021 Allocation to GiveWell Top Charities: Why We’re Giving More Going Forward2021-11-22Alexander Berger Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Alexander Berger GiveWell Maximum Impact Fund GiveWell Broad donor strategyGlobal health and developmentThe post from Open Philanthropy co-CEO Alexander Berger announces "our largest-to-date support for GiveWell’s recommendations: $300 million for 2021, up from $100 million last year, with tentative plans to donate an additional $500 million per year in 2022 and 2023." The post explains reasons for the allocation, linking to https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/technical-updates-our-global-health-and-wellbeing-cause-prioritization-framework for technical background. Berger adds a parenthetical personal note in the post: "For what it’s worth, I still expect the bulk of my personal giving this year to go to the GiveWell Maximum Impact Fund, so I don’t think Open Philanthropy’s plans should be answer-changing for other individual donors."
Technical Updates to Our Global Health and Wellbeing Cause Prioritization Framework2021-11-19Peter Favaloro Alexander Berger Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation GiveWell Broad donor strategyGlobal health and development|Scientific researchIn this lengthy blog post, Open Philanthropy describes its updated thinking on the value of improving life expectancy versus increasing income, the implication for its bar for grants (roughly 900-1,100x cash in their new units, corresponding to 7-8x GiveDirectly in GiveWell's units), the tradeoff between investing to grow the portfolio and spending it quickly, in order to meet the goal of Good Ventures to spend down the fortune during their lifetime, the possible role of scientific research to uncover new opportunities, the role of other donors, the scalability of known highly cost-effective interventions, and many related topics.
Understanding Open Philanthropy’s work on migration policy2021-11-19Vipul Naik Open Borders: The CaseOpen Philanthropy Labor Mobility Partnerships Center for Global Development Protect the People Niskanen Center Federation for American Scientists Mercy Corps International Refugee Assistance Project Third-party coverage of donor strategyMigration policyIn a similar vein as past blog posts https://openborders.info/blog/overview-of-the-open-philanthropy-projects-work-on-migration-liberalisation/ and https://openborders.info/blog/update-open-philanthropy-projects-work-migration-liberalisation/ on the site, the post reviews Open Philanthropy's grantmaking in the migration policy space. It discusses evidence and possible reasons for Open Philanthropy reducing its grantmaking in the area. See https://forum.effectivealtruism.org/posts/mhp8pofioZpoW6k34/understanding-open-philanthropy-s-evolution-on-migration (GW, IR) for a cross-post to the EA Forum.
Our Criminal Justice Reform Program Is Now an Independent Organization: Just Impact2021-11-16Zachary Robinson Alexander Berger Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Just Impact LaunchCriminal justice reformIn the blog post, Open Philanthropy announces that its criminal justice reform grantmaking is being split out into its own organization called Just Impact, led by Chloe Cockburn and Jesse Rothman, who have been leading Open Philanthropy's criminal justice reform program. Open Philanthropy is providing seed funding of $50 million spread over 3.5 years. Open Philanthropy connects this change with its previous post https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/givewells-top-charities-are-increasingly-hard-beat that suggested that it was finding that a lot of its near-termist, human-centric grantmaking was failing to beat GiveWell top charities in cost-effectiveness analyses. Open Philanthropy is now making changes to reduce such grantmaking, and spinning off criminal justice reform grantmaking to its own organization is a step toward that. Other advantages of the spinout are: ability to attract other donors focused on criminal justice reform, independence better positioning the team to implements its vision and strategy, and benefits as an experiment in spinning out programs, possibly toward a long-term vision of Open Philanthropy as focused on cause selection and incubation.
With More Donors on Board, Open Philanthropy Is Spinning Its Criminal Justice Work into a New Fund2021-11-16Katherine Don Inside PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Just Impact Sarah Barton Nicole Shanahan Florida Rights Restoration Coalition Voice of the Experienced Third-party coverage of donor strategyCriminal justice reformThe article is about the spinout of Open Philanthropy's criminal justice reform grantmaking as Just Impact, a separate organization. In addition to the $50 million committed by Open Philanthropy that https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/our-criminal-justice-reform-program-now-independent-organization-just-impact documents, the article mentions $39 million from five other donors including Sarah Barton and Nicole Shanahan. Chloe Cockburn, who will head Just Impact is quoted, and two grantees, Florida Rights Restoration Coalition and Voice of the Experienced, are highlighted. Cockburn says that there are several criminal justice reform organizations whose budgets are orders of magnitude lower than what they are capable of spending, and by funding them, Open Philanthropy was able to unleash their potential (and Just Impact will hopefully continue doing so).
Open Philanthropy’s New Co-CEO2021-06-16Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Status changeOpen Philanthropy announces that its near-termist grantmaking, including both human-centric and animal-centric grantmaking, will be called "Global Health and Wellbeing" and Alexander Berger will lead it. Berger is also promoted to co-CEO in recognition of these responsibilities. Karnofsky, previously CEO and now co-CEO, will focus on the longtermist side of grantmaking.
Our Progress in 2020 and Plans for 20212021-04-29Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyAI safety|Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness|Criminal justice reform|Animal welfare|Scientific research|Effective altruism|COVID-19The post compares progress made by Open Philanthropy in 2020 against plans laid out in https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/our-progress-2019-and-plans-2020 and then lays out plans for 2021. The post notes that grantmaking, including grants to GiveWell top charities, was over $200 million. The post reviews the following from 2020: continued grantmaking, worldview investigations, other cause prioritization work, hiring and other capacity building, impact evaluation, outreach to external donors, and plans for 2021.
2020 AI Alignment Literature Review and Charity Comparison (GW, IR)2020-12-21Ben Hoskin Effective Altruism ForumBen Hoskin Effective Altruism Funds: Long-Term Future Fund Open Philanthropy Survival and Flourishing Fund Future of Humanity Institute Center for Human-Compatible AI Machine Intelligence Research Institute Global Catastrophic Risk Institute Centre for the Study of Existential Risk OpenAI Berkeley Existential Risk Initiative Ought Global Priorities Institute Center on Long-Term Risk Center for Security and Emerging Technology AI Impacts Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence AI Safety Camp Future of Life Institute Convergence Analysis Median Group AI Pulse 80,000 Hours Survival and Flourishing Fund Review of current state of cause areaAI safetyCross-posted to LessWrong at https://www.lesswrong.com/posts/pTYDdcag9pTzFQ7vw/2020-ai-alignment-literature-review-and-charity-comparison (GW, IR) This is the fifth post in a tradition of annual blog posts on the state of AI safety and the work of various organizations in the space over the course of the year; the previous year's post is at https://forum.effectivealtruism.org/posts/dpBB24QsnsRnkq5JT/2019-ai-alignment-literature-review-and-charity-comparison (GW, IR) The post is structured very similar to the previous year's post. It has sections on "Research" and "Finance" for a number of organizations working in the AI safety space, many of whom accept donations. A "Capital Allocators" section discusses major players who allocate funds in the space. A lengthy "Methodological Thoughts" section explains how the author approaches some underlying questions that influence his thoughts on all the organizations. To make selective reading of the document easier, the author ends each paragraph with a hashtag, and lists the hashtags at the beginning of the document. See https://www.lesswrong.com/posts/uEo4Xhp7ziTKhR6jq/reflections-on-larks-2020-ai-alignment-literature-review (GW, IR) for discussion of some aspects of the post by Alex Flint.
Our Progress in 2019 and Plans for 20202020-05-08Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyCriminal justice reform|Animal welfare|AI safety|Effective altruismThe post compares progress made by the Open Philanthropy Project in 2019 against plans laid out in https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/our-progress-2018-and-plans-2019 and then lays out plans for 2020. The post notes that grantmaking, including grants to GiveWell top charities, was over $200 million. The post reviews the following from 2019: continued grantmaking, growth of the operations team, impact evaluation (with good progress in evaluation of giving in criminal justice reform and animal welfare), worldview investigations (that was harder than anticipated, resulting in slower progress), other cause prioritization work, hiring and other capacity building, and outreach to external donors.
How Philanthropists are Tackling COVID-192020-03-18Abby Schultz Barron'sOpen Philanthropy Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Wellcome Trust Mastercard Impact Fund Schmidt Futures COVID-19 Therapeutics Accelerator Sherlock Biosciences Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security University of Washington (Institute for Protein Design) Review of current state of cause areaBiosecurity and pandemic preparednessThe article describes how private philanthropy is helping in the fight against COVID-19 and the coronavirus pandemic caused by it. The role of Open Philanthropy Project in funding Sherlock Biosciences as well as the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security in prior years is described. The article also describes the joint financing of the COVID-19 Therapeutics Accelerator by the Gates Foundation, Wellcome Trust, and Mastercard Impact Fund.
Update on the Global Priorities Institute's (GPI) activities (GW, IR)2019-12-24Hilary Greaves Global Priorities InstituteOpen Philanthropy Global Priorities Institute Donee periodic updateCause prioritizationThe Global Priorities Institute shares a short annual report, also available at https://globalprioritiesinstitute.org/global-priorities-institute-annual-report-2018-19/ on its website. In addition, the post contains links for following GPI's research and current opportunities. The annual report has three sections: (1) Research (agenda focused on "longtermism") (2) Academic outreach (various two-day workshops and the Early Career Conference Programme (ECCP)) (3) Current team and growth ambitions (plans to expand, helped by £2.5m from the Open Philanthropy Project and £3m from other private donors; fundraising is ongoing).
Effective Altruism Foundation: Plans for 2020 (GW, IR)2019-12-23Jonas Vollmer Effective Altruism FoundationOpen Philanthropy Effective Altruism Foundation Raising for Effective Giving Wild-Animal Suffering Research Utility Farm Wild Animal Initiative Sentience politics Donee periodic updateEffective altruism/movement growth/s-risk reductionThe document includes the 2019 review and plans for 2020 of the Effective Altruism Foundation (EAD). Key highlights: EAD plans to change its name in 2020 as a rebranding effort to highlight its focus on s-risk reduction, rather than the effective altruism; as part of this, the Foundational Research Institute brand will also be deprecated. Wild-Animal Suffering Research and Utility Farm merged to form Wild Animal Initiative, which is now completely separate from EAF. Raising for Effective Giving and Sentience Politics continue to be housed under EAF. The post also describes communication guidelines developed along with Nick Beckstead of the Open Philanthropy Project (that also made a $1 million grant to EAF). The guidelines "recommend highlighting beliefs and priorities that are important to the s-risk-oriented community" and "recommend communicating in a more nuanced manner about pessimistic views of the long-term future by considering highlighting moral cooperation and uncertainty, focusing more on practical questions if possible, and anticipating potential misunderstandings and misrepresentations." The post also says the guidelines will soon be made public, and that it was a mistake to not announce the guidelines earlier; doing so might have addressed https://www.simonknutsson.com/problems-in-effective-altruism-and-existential-risk-and-what-to-do-about-them/ and related concerns
2019 AI Alignment Literature Review and Charity Comparison (GW, IR)2019-12-19Ben Hoskin Effective Altruism ForumBen Hoskin Effective Altruism Funds: Long-Term Future Fund Open Philanthropy Survival and Flourishing Fund Future of Humanity Institute Center for Human-Compatible AI Machine Intelligence Research Institute Global Catastrophic Risk Institute Centre for the Study of Existential Risk Ought OpenAI AI Safety Camp Future of Life Institute AI Impacts Global Priorities Institute Foundational Research Institute Median Group Center for Security and Emerging Technology Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence Berkeley Existential Risk Initiative AI Pulse Survival and Flourishing Fund Review of current state of cause areaAI safetyCross-posted to LessWrong at https://www.lesswrong.com/posts/SmDziGM9hBjW9DKmf/2019-ai-alignment-literature-review-and-charity-comparison (GW, IR) This is the fourth post in a tradition of annual blog posts on the state of AI safety and the work of various organizations in the space over the course of the year; the previous year's post is at https://forum.effectivealtruism.org/posts/BznrRBgiDdcTwWWsB/2018-ai-alignment-literature-review-and-charity-comparison (GW, IR) The post has sections on "Research" and "Finance" for a number of organizations working in the AI safety space, many of whom accept donations. A "Capital Allocators" section discusses major players who allocate funds in the space. A lengthy "Methodological Thoughts" section explains how the author approaches some underlying questions that influence his thoughts on all the organizations. To make selective reading of the document easier, the author ends each paragraph with a hashtag, and lists the hashtags at the beginning of the document.
Suggestions for Individual Donors from Open Philanthropy Staff - 20192019-12-18Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyChloe Cockburn Jesse Rothman Michelle Crentsil Amanda Hungerfold Lewis Bollard Persis Eskander Alexander Berger Chris Somerville Heather Youngs Claire Zabel National Council for Incarcerated and Formerly Incarcerated Women and Girls Life Comes From It Worth Rises Wild Animal Initiative Sinergia Animal Center for Global Development International Refugee Assistance Project California YIMBY Engineers Without Borders 80,000 Hours Centre for Effective Altruism Future of Humanity Institute Global Priorities Institute Machine Intelligence Research Institute Ought Donation suggestion listCriminal justice reform|Animal welfare|Global health and development|Migration policy|Effective altruism|AI safetyContinuing an annual tradition started in 2015, Open Philanthropy Project staff share suggestions for places that people interested in specific cause areas may consider donating. The sections are roughly based on the focus areas used by Open Phil internally, with the contributors to each section being the Open Phil staff who work in that focus area. Each recommendation includes a "Why we recommend it" or "Why we suggest it" section, and with the exception of the criminal justice reform recommendations, each recommendation includes a "Why we haven't fully funded it" section. Section 5, Assorted recomendations by Claire Zabel, includes a list of "Organizations supported by our Committed for Effective Altruism Support" which includes a list of organizations that are wiithin the purview of the Committee for Effective Altruism Support. The section is approved by the committee and represents their views.
How frequently do ACE and Open Phil agree about animal charities? (GW, IR)2019-12-17Ben West Effective Altruism ForumOpen Philanthropy Effective Altruism Funds: Animal Welfare Fund Animal Charity Evaluators Compassion in World Farming International Animal Ethics Faunalytics Sociedade Vegetariana Brasileira Miscellaneous commentaryAnimal welfareBen West compares the grantees of the Open Philanthropy Project (Open Phil) in its focus area of farm animal welfare against the charities recommended by Animal Charity Evaluators (ACE). He finds a substantial overlap: Open Phil has made grants to all charities that ACE has ever given top charity status, about half of the charities ACE has ever given standout charity status, and only one charity that ACE reviewed but did not recommend. Also, "5% of the charities ACE did an "exploratory" review of received a grant, as did 3% of the ones they "considered" but did not review." A spreadsheet https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1NRSVnSgg33vtOByfYwCFhB6VrytZGYeJ/edit with the data is linked. The post also notes: "Three charities which were named “Standout Charities” by ACE but did not receive Open Phil grants did receive grants from the Centre for Effective Altruism’s Animal Welfare Fund (Animal Ethics, Faunalytics, and Sociedade Vegetariana Brasileira)."
The Center for Election Science Year End EA Appeal (GW, IR)2019-12-17Aaron Hamlin Effective Altruism ForumOpen Philanthropy The Center for Election Science Donee donation casePoliticsAaron Hamlin of the Center for Election Science (CES), an organization that promotes approval voting in the United States, posts an end-of-year fundraising appeal post for CES to the Effective Altruism Forum. The post talks about the finances of CES, and compares the funding of CES to the much larger total funding going to ranked choice voting (RCV), a competing effort that he considers inferior. He argues that with slightly more funds, CES could show much more than RCV in terms of victories in adoption of approval voting, per dollar spent
Recommendation to Open Philanthropy for Grants to Top Charities2019-11-26GiveWellOpen Philanthropy Malaria Consortium Helen Keller International Sightsavers Against Malaria Foundation The END Fund GiveDirectly Development Media International Dispenses for Safe Water Food Fortification Initiative Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition Georgetown University Initiative on Innovation, Development, and Evaluation Iodine Global Network Living Goods Project Healthy Children GiveWell Periodic donation list documentationGlobal health and developmentThe document details GiveWell's recommendation in 2019 for grants by Good Ventures (via the Open Philanthropy Project) to GiveWell top and standout charities. The overall amount of money recommended for allocation is $54.6 million, and the document explains that Open Phil's calculation that it may make sense to spend down more slowly was the reason for reducing the allocation from last year. It discusses the principles used for allocation: (1) Put significant weight on cost-effectiveness estimates, (2) Consider additional information not explicitly modeled about the organization, (3) Consider additional information not explicitly modeled about the funding gap, (4) Assess funding gaps at the margin, (5) Default to not imposing restrictions on charity spending, (6) Default to funding on a 3-year horizon, and (7) Ensure charities are incentivized to engage with the process. The three charities that get significant grants are Malaria Consortium for its SMC program ($33.9 million), Helen Keller International ($9.7 million), and Sightsavers ($2.7 million). Against Malaria Foundation, The END Fund, and GiveDirectly receive the minimum "incentive grant" amount of $2.5 million that all top charities should receive. The top charity Deworm the World Initiative is not given an incentive grant because it received a previous grant through GiveWell discretionary grant that more than covers the incentive grant amount. 8 standout charities get $100,000 each
ALLFED 2019 Annual Report and Fundraising Appeal (GW, IR)2019-11-23Aron Mill Alliance to Feed the Earth in DisastersBerkeley Existential Risk Initiative Donor lottery Effective Altruism Grants Open Philanthropy Alliance to Feed the Earth in Disasters Future of Humanity Institute Donee donation caseAlternative foodsAron Mill provides a summary of the work of the Alliance to Feed the Earth in Disasters (ALLFED) in 2019. He lists key supporters as well as partners that ALLFED worked with during the year. The blog post proceeds to make an appeal and a case for fundraising ALLFED. Sections of the blog post include: (1) research output, (2) preparedness and alliance-building, (3) ALLFED team, (4) current projects, and (5) projects in need of funding.
Message exchange with EAF2019-11-12Simon Knutsson Open Philanthropy Effective Altruism Foundation Reasoning supplementEffective altruism|Global catastrophic risksThis is a supplement to https://www.simonknutsson.com/problems-in-effective-altruism-and-existential-risk-and-what-to-do-about-them/ The supplement documents an email exchange between Knutsson and Stefan Torges of the Effective Altruism Foundation where Knutsson asks Torges for comment on some of the points in the article. Torges's reply is not quoted as he did not give permission to quote the replies, but Knutsson summarizes the replies as saying that EAF can't share further information, and does not wish to engage Knutsson on the issue.
Co-funding Partnership with Ben Delo2019-11-11Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Ben Delo PartnershipAI safety|Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness|Global catastrophic risks|Effective altruismBen Delo, co-founder of the cryptocurrency trading platform BitMEX, recently signed the Giving Pledge. He is entering into a partnership with the Open Philanthropy Project, providing funds, initially in the $5 million per year range, to support Open Phil's longtermist grantmaking, in areas including AI safety, biosecurity and pandemic preparedness, global catastrophic risks, and effective altruism. Later, the Machine Intelligence Research Institute (MIRI) would reveal at https://intelligence.org/2020/04/27/miris-largest-grant-to-date/ that, of a $7.7 million grant from Open Phil, $1.46 million is coming from Ben Delo.
E-mail exchange with the Open Philanthropy Project2019-11-10Simon Knutsson Open Philanthropy Effective Altruism Foundation Reasoning supplementEffective altruism|Global catastrophic risksThis is a supplement to https://www.simonknutsson.com/problems-in-effective-altruism-and-existential-risk-and-what-to-do-about-them/ The supplement documents an email exchange between Knutsson and Michael Levine of the Open Philanthropy Project where Knutsson asks Levine for comment on some of the points in the article. Levine's reply is not quoted as he did not give permission to quote the replies, but Knutsson summarizes the replies as saying that "[Open Phil] do not have anything to add beyond the grant page https://www.openphilanthropy.org/giving/grants/effective-altruism-foundation-research-operations
Problems in effective altruism and existential risk and what to do about them2019-10-16Simon Knutsson Open Philanthropy Effective Altruism Foundation Centre for Effective Altruism Effective Altruism Foundation Future of Humanity Institute Miscellaneous commentaryEffective altruism|Global catastrophic risksSimon Knutsson, a Ph.D. student who previously worked at GiveWell and has, since then, worked on animal welfare and on s-risks, writes about what he sees as problematic dynamics in the effective altruism and x-risk communities. Specifically, he is critical of what he sees as behind-the-scenes coordination work on messaging, between many organizations in the space, notably the Open Philanthropy Project and the Effective Altruism Foundation, and the possible use of grant money to pressure EAF into pushing for guidelines for writers to not talk about s-risks in specific ways. He is also critical of what he sees as the one-sided nature of the syllabi and texts produced by the Centre for Effective Altruism (CEA). The author notes that people have had different reactions to his text, with some considering the behavior described as unproblematic, while others agreeing with him that it is problematic and deserves the spotlight. The post is also shared to the Effective Altruism Forum at https://forum.effectivealtruism.org/posts/EescnoaBJsQWz4rii/problems-in-effective-altruism-and-what-to-do-about-them (GW, IR) where it gets a lot of criticism in the comments from people including Peter Hurford and Holly Elmore.
Thanks for putting up with my follow-up questions. Out of the areas you mention, I'd be very interested in ... (GW, IR)2019-09-10Ryan Carey Effective Altruism ForumFounders Pledge Open Philanthropy OpenAI Machine Intelligence Research Institute Broad donor strategyAI safety|Global catastrophic risks|Scientific research|PoliticsRyan Carey replies to John Halstead's question on what Founders Pledge shoud research. He first gives the areas within Halstead's list that he is most excited about. He also discusses three areas not explicitly listed by Halstead: (a) promotion of effective altruism, (b) scholarships for people working on high-impact research, (c) more on AI safety -- specifically, funding low-mid prestige figures with strong AI safety interest (what he calls "highly-aligned figures"), a segment that he claims the Open Philanthropy Project is neglecting, with the exception of MIRI and a couple of individuals.
How Life Sciences Actually Work: Findings of a Year-Long Investigation (GW, IR)2019-08-16Alexey Guzey Effective Altruism ForumNational Institutes of Health Howard Hughes Medical Institute Chan Zuckerberg Initiative Open Philanthropy Amgen Life Sciences Research Foundation Harvard University Massachusetts Institute of Technology Stanford University Review of current state of cause areaBiomedical researchGuzey surveys the current state of biomedical research, primarily in academia in the United States. His work is the result of interviewing about 60 people. Emergent Ventures provided financial support. His takeaways: (1) Life science is not slowing down (2) Nothing works the way you would naively think it does (for better or for worse) (3) If you're smart and driven, you'll find a way in (4) Nobody cares if you're a genius (5) Almost all biologists are solo founders. This is probably suboptimal (6) There's insufficient space for people who just want to be researchers and not managers (7) Peer review is a disaster (8) Nobody agrees on whether big labs are good or bad (9) Senior scientists are bound by their students' incentives (10) Universities seem to maximize their profits, with good research being a side-effect (11) Large parts of modern scientific literature are wrong (12) Raising money is very difficult even for famous scientists. Final conclusion: "academia has a lot of problems but it's less broken than it seems from the outside."
Questions We Ask Ourselves Before Making a Grant2019-08-06Michael Levine Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Sandler Foundation Center for Security and Emerging Technology University of Washington (Institute for Protein Design) Broad donor strategyMichael Levine describes some guidance that the Open Philanthropy Project has put together for program officers on questions to consider before making a grant. This complements guidance published three years ago about internal grant writeups: https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/our-grantmaking-so-far-approach-and-process
GiveWell’s Top Charities Are (Increasingly) Hard to Beat2019-07-09Alexander Berger Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy GiveDirectly Against Malaria Foundation Schistosomiasis Control Initiative Target Malaria JustLeadershipUSA GiveWell Broad donor strategyGlobal health and development|Criminal justice reform|Scientific researchIn the blog post, Alexander Berger discusses how, originally, Open Philanthropy Project donations for near-term human well-being (primarily in the areas of criminal justice reform and scientific research) are compared against a cost-effectiveness benchmark of direct cash transfers, which is set as 100x (every $1 donated should yield $100 in benefits). However, since GiveWell has recently made its cost-effectiveness calculations for top charities more thorough, and now estimates that top charities are 5-15x as cost-effective as cash (or 500-1500x, with 1000x as a median), Berger is now comparing all the existing near-term human well-being grants against the 1000x benchmarks. He finds that, using the back-of-the-envelope calculations (BOTECs) done at the time of justifying the grants, many of the criminal justice reform grants do not clear the bar; in total only $32 million of the grants clears the bar, and about half of it is a single grant to Target Malaria. Berger links to https://docs.google.com/document/d/1GsE2_TNWn0x6MWL1PTdkZT2vQNFW8VFBslC5qjk4sgo/edit?ts=5cc10604 for some sample BOTECs.
Explaining Our Bet on Sherlock Biosciences’ Innovations in Viral Diagnostics2019-06-10Heather Youngs Chris Somerville Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Sherlock Biosciences Single donation documentationScientific researchIn this new-style blog post, the reasons for the Open Philanthropy Project grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/scientific-research/miscellaneous/sherlock-biosciences-research-viral-diagnostics to Sherlock Biosciences are explained in a conversational style. The conversation participants include Michael Levine (Communications Officer) and the grant investigators Chris Somerville and Heather Youngs.
Has the Giving Pledge Changed Giving? A proposal unveiled nearly a decade ago was intended to turbocharge philanthropy. There’s little evidence so far it’s doing that.2019-06-04Marc Gunther Chronicle of PhilanthropyWarren Buffett Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Bloomberg Philanthropies Chan Zuckerberg Initiative Dalio Philanthropies George Lucas and Mellody Hobson Good Ventures Open Philanthropy Simons Foundation Miscellaneous commentaryIn a long-form article for the Chronicle of Philanthropy, Marc Gunther describes the history of the Giving Pledge, created ten years ago at a meeting including Bill and Melinda Gates, Warren Buffett, Ted Turner, Michael Bloomberg, Charles Feeney, George Soros, Eli Broad, and Oprah Winfrey. Gunther writes that the Giving Pledge has failed to increase the overall level of charitable giving in general, and has not inspired much more charitable giving even among the superrich, to whom it was targeted. The article says that fewer than one in six billionaires in the United States have taken the pledge, and moreover, many of those who took the pledge had either already given or already been planning to give large amounts to charity, so the counterfactual impact of the pledge was low. The article includes a table of the current net worth and total donations so far by the wealthiest signatories of the Giving Pledge, as well as profiles of several Giving Pledge signatories.
80,000 Hours Annual Review – December 20182019-05-07Benjamin Todd 80,000 HoursOpen Philanthropy Berkeley Existential Risk Initiative Effective Altruism Funds 80,0000 Hours Donee periodic updateEffective altruism/movement growth/career counselingThis blog post is the annual self-review by 80,000 Hours, originally written in December 2018. Publication was deferred because 80,000 Hours was waiting to hear back on the status of some large grants (in particular, one from the Open Philanthropy Project), but most of the content is still from the December 2018 draft. The post goes into detail about 80,000 Hours' progress in 2018, impact and plan changes, and future expansion plans. Funding gaps are discussed (the funding gap for 2019 is $400,000, and further money will be saved for 2020 and 2021). Grants from the Open Philanthropy Project, BERI, and the Effective Altruism Funds (EA Meta Fund) are mentioned
Will splashy philanthropy cause the biosecurity field to focus on the wrong risks?2019-04-25Filippa Lentzos Bulletin of the Atomic ScientistsOpen Philanthropy Third-party coverage of donor strategyBiosecurity and pandemic preparednessFilippa Lentzos examines the Open Philanthropy Project's funding in the biosecurity field. She argues that the scale and speed of Open Phil's grantmaking may hurt the field by shaping the agenda of the field to be too focused on global catastrophic risks, and to be less diverse on the whole. The post is linked and discussed on the Effective Altruism Forum at https://forum.effectivealtruism.org/posts/Kkw8uDwGuNnBhiYHi/will-splashy-philanthropy-cause-the-biosecurity-field-to (GW, IR) by Tessa Alexanian. Howie Lempel, in the comments, describes more of the post author's views based on her past article https://thebulletin.org/2017/07/ignore-bill-gates-where-bioweapons-focus-really-belongs/ Others who share thoughts in the comments include Alex Foster, Denise Melchin, and Rob Bensinger.
Our Progress in 2018 and Plans for 20192019-04-15Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyCriminal justice reform|Animal welfareThe post compares progress made by the Open Philanthropy Project in 2018 against plans laid out in https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/our-progress-2017-and-plans-2018 and then lays out plans for 2019. The post notes that grantmaking was sustained at over $100 million. Hints of impact in the areas of criminal justice reform and animal welfare continue to be seen. Hiring to grow research analyst capacity was a top focus, led by Luke Muehlhauser, with the results detailed in the blog post https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/reflections-our-2018-generalist-research-analyst-recruiting by Muehlhauser. Operations capacity grew significantly under Beth Jones, who joined in May as Director of Operations.
New grants from the Open Philanthropy Project and BERI2019-04-01Rob Bensinger Machine Intelligence Research InstituteOpen Philanthropy Berkeley Existential Risk Initiative Machine Intelligence Research Institute Donee periodic updateAI safetyMIRI announces two grants to it: a two-year grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/machine-intelligence-research-institute-general-support-2019 totaling $2,112,500 from the Open Philanthropy Project, with half of it disbursed in 2019 and the other half disbursed in 2020. The amount disbursed in 2019 (of a little over $1.06 million) is on top of the $1.25 million already committed by the Open Philanthropy Project as part of the 3-year $3.75 million grant https://intelligence.org/2017/11/08/major-grant-open-phil/ The $1.06 million in 2020 may be supplemented by further grants from the Open Philanthropy Project. The grant size from the Open Philanthropy Project was determined by the Committee for Effective Altruism Support. The post also notes that the Open Philanthropy Project plans to determine future grant sizes using the Committee. MIRI expects the grant money to play an important role in decision-making as it executes on growing its research team as described in its 2018 strategy update post https://intelligence.org/2018/11/22/2018-update-our-new-research-directions/ and fundraiser post https://intelligence.org/2018/11/26/miris-2018-fundraiser/
With Launch Of New CRISPR Company, Competition Extends To Diagnostics2019-03-21Ellie Kincaid ForbesOpen Philanthropy Sherlock Biosciences LaunchScientific researchThe article describes the launch of Sherlock Biosciences, a company that aims to use CRISPR technology for diagnostics. It mentions the $17.5 million donation https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/scientific-research/miscellaneous/sherlock-biosciences-research-viral-diagnostics plus undisclosed investment from the Open Philanthropy Project, as well as separate investment. Together, Sherlock Biosciences has raised $35 million.
Important But Neglected: Why an Effective Altruist Funder Is Giving Millions to AI Security2019-03-20Tate Williams Inside PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Center for Security and Emerging Technology Third-party coverage of donor strategyAI safety|Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness|Global catastrophic risks|SecurityThe article focuses on grantmaking by the Open Philanthropy Project in the areas of global catastrophic risks and security, particularly in AI safety and biosecurity and pandemic preparedness. It includes quotes from Luke Muehlhauser, Senior Research Analyst at the Open Philanthropy Project and the investigator for the $55 million grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/giving/grants/georgetown-university-center-security-and-emerging-technology to the Center for Security and Emerging Technology (CSET). Muehlhauser was previously Executive Director at the Machine Intelligence Research Institute. It also includes a quote from Holden Karnofsky, who sees the early interest of effective altruists in AI safety as prescient. The CSET grant is discussed in the context of the Open Philanthropy Project's hits-based giving approach, as well as the interest in the policy space in better understanding of safety and governance issues related to technology and AI.
Committee for Effective Altruism Support2019-02-27Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Centre for Effective Altruism Berkeley Existential Risk Initiative Center for Applied Rationality Machine Intelligence Research Institute Future of Humanity Institute Broad donor strategyEffective altruism|AI safetyThe document announces a new approach to setting grant sizes for the largest grantees who are "in the effective altruism community" including both organizations explicitly focused on effective altruism and other organizations that are favorites of and deeply embedded in the community, including organizations working in AI safety. The committee comprises Open Philanthropy staff and trusted outside advisors who are knowledgeable about the relevant organizations. Committee members review materials submitted by the organizations; gather to discuss considerations, including room for more funding; and submit “votes” on how they would allocate a set budget between a number of grantees (they can also vote to save part of the budget for later giving). Votes of committee members are averaged to arrive at the final grant amounts. Example grants whose size was determined by the community is the two-year support to the Machine Intelligence Research Institute (MIRI) https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/machine-intelligence-research-institute-general-support-2019 and one-year support to the Centre for Effective Altruism (CEA) https://www.openphilanthropy.org/giving/grants/centre-effective-altruism-general-support-2019
Suggestions for Individual Donors from Open Philanthropy Project Staff - 20182018-12-20Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyChloe Cockburn Lewis Bollard Amanda Hungerford Alexander Berger Luke Muelhhauser National Council for Incarcerated and Formerly Incarcerated Women and Girls Texas Organizing Project Effective Altruism Funds The Humane League Center for Global Development International Refugee Assistance Project Donor lottery Donation suggestion listCriminal justice reform|Animal welfare|Global health and development|Migration policy|Effective altruismOpen Philanthropy Project staff give suggestions on places that might be good for individuals to donate to. Each suggestion includes a section "Why I suggest it", a section explaining why the Open Philanthropy Project has not funded (or not fully funded) the opportunity, and links to relevant writeups. The post continues a tradition of similar posts published once a year.
Response to concerns about GiveWell’s spillovers analysis2018-12-06Josh Rosenberg GiveWellGiveWell Maximum Impact Fund Open Philanthropy GiveDirectly GiveWell Reasoning supplementCash transfersThe blog post explains in more detail how GiveWell came to its conclusions in its recent analysis of spillover effects from GiveDirectly's cash transfer program. In particular, it responds to a series of tweets from economist Berk Özler expressing concern over GiveWell for (1) using an unpublished paper as a key study, (2) placing little weight on some papers in its analysis of spillover effects, (3) focusing solely on consumption. While replying to the concerns, the GiveWell blog post also explains some of the broader principles used by GiveWell to determine when to use private information, and what evidence to review and what outcomes to consider
Our updated top charities for giving season 20182018-11-26Catherine Hollander GiveWellGiveWell Maximum Impact Fund Open Philanthropy GiveWell top charities Malaria Consortium Helen Keller International Against Malaria Foundation Deworm the World Initiative Schistosomiasis Control Initiative Sightsavers The END Fund GiveDirectly GiveWell Evaluator consolidated recommendation listGlobal health and developmentGiveWell annual top charities list. GiveWell recommends that donors donate to GiveWell to regrant to top charities at its discretion, but also provides details on the individual top charities so that people can make an informed decision. In addition, the amounts determined for GiveWell Maximum Impact Fund and for donation by Good Ventures are also included, though details of the amount recommended to Good Ventures are in a separate blog post https://blog.givewell.org/2018/11/26/our-recommendation-to-good-ventures/
Scaling OFTW: Our First Hire And Funding From The Open Philanthropy Project2018-08-01Rossa O'Keeffe-O'Donovan One for the WorldOpen Philanthropy Luke Ding One for the World Donee periodic updateEffective altruism/fundraisingOne for the World announces grants to it recommended by GiveWell, of $153,750 from the Open Philanthropy Project and $51,250 from Luke Ding. The funding is to cover two years of expenses, including hiring a COO for the first year, and a CEO in the second year. The post also announces the hiring of Evan McVail as COO, fulfilling part of the plan for the grant
Occasional update July 5 20182018-07-05Katja Grace AI ImpactsOpen Philanthropy Anonymous AI Impacts Donee periodic updateAI safetyKatja Grace gives an update on the situation with AI Impacts, including recent funding received, personnel changes, and recent publicity.In particular, a $100,000 donation from the Open Philanthropy Project and a $39,000 anonymous donation are mentioned, and team members Tegan McCaslin, Justis Mills, consultant Carl Shulman, and departing member Michael Wulfsohn are mentioned
The Most Unorthodox Big Foundation in America2018-05-18Marc Gunther Nonprofit ChroniclesOpen Philanthropy Third-party coverage of donor strategyThe article primarily links to and explains https://ssir.org/articles/entry/giving_in_the_light_of_reason which is a much longer article about the Open Philanthropy Project and its grantmaking. Unlike the linked article, the author goes more into his personal take on the subject, including how his recent visit to Rwanda, and how that has shifted him in the direction of donating to meet present-day needs.
Giving in the Light of Reason2018-05-17Marc Gunther Stanford Social Innovation ReviewOpen Philanthropy Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Future Justice Fund Good Ventures The Humane League Direct Action Everywhere Target Malaria University of Washington (Institute for Protein Design) Alliance for Safety and Justice The Marshall Project Third-party coverage of donor strategyCriminal justice reform|Animal welfare|Scientific researchAn in-depth profile of the Open Philanthropy Project and its grantmaking, with a particular focus on discussion of the top grants in animal welfare and scientific research. The organizational history, grantmaking process, and internal culture are also discussed. Referenced in https://nonprofitchronicles.com/2018/05/18/the-most-unorthodox-big-foundation-in-america/ by the same author.
Update on Partnerships with External Donors2018-05-16Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Future Justice Fund Accountable Justice Action Fund Effective Altruism Funds Accountable Justice Action Fund Effective Altruism Funds Miscellaneous commentaryCriminal justice reform,Animal welfareThe Open Philanthropy Project describes how it works with donors other than Good Ventures (the foundation under Dustin Moskovitz and Cari Tuna that accounts for almost all Open Phil grantmaking). The blog post reiterates that the long-term goal is to inform many different funders, but that is not a short-term priority because the Open Philanthropy Project is not moving enough money to even achieve the total spend that Good Ventures is willing to go up to. The post mentions that Chloe Cockburn, the program officer for criminal justice reform, is working with other funders in criminal justice reform, and they have created a separate vehicle, the Accountable Justice Action Fund, to pool resources. Also, Mike and Kaitlyn Krieger, who previously worked with the Open Philanthropy Project, now have their own criminal justice-focused Future Justice Fund, and are getting help from Cockburn to allocate money from the fund. For causes outside of criminal justice reform, the role of Effective Altruism Funds (whose grantmaking is managed by Open Philanthropy Project staff members) is mentioned. Also, Lewis Bollard is said to have moved ~10% as much money through advice to other donors as he has moved through the Open Philanthropy Project.
With the Backing of Top Funders, This Group is Taking the Criminal Justice System to Court2018-04-24Philip Rojc Inside PhilanthropyMacArthur Foundation Laura and John Arnold Foundation Open Philanthropy Chan Zuckerberg Initiative Civil Rights Corps Evaluator review of doneeCriminal justice reform/litigationThe article describes the efforts of Civil Rights Corps, an organization dedicated to challenging criminal justice abuses in court. It includes the Open Philanthropy Project and Chan Zuckerberg Initiative among its funders
This Powerhouse Funder is Still New to Scientific Research. Where Are Grants Going?2018-04-17Paul Karon Inside PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy MIT Synthetic Neurobiology Group Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center University of Washington (Institute for Protein Design) Third-party coverage of donor strategyScientific researchThe article discusses grantmaking by the Open Philanthropy Project in the domain of scientific research, noting that the grants were often made in areas overlapping with other interests (such as global health). The large donation to the Institute for Protein Design in connection with influenza research is highlighted.
Hiring analytical thinkers to help give away billions2018-03-30Ajeya Cotra MediumOpen Philanthropy Job advertisementOpen Philanthropy Project research analyst Ajeya Cotra speaks highly of the work there, and highlights the new research analyst positions the organization is hiring for. The post would be shared on Facebook by Claire Zabel at https://www.facebook.com/claire.zabel/posts/10216805589078395 and 80,000 Hours at https://www.facebook.com/80000Hours/posts/1703309639750767
Managing Funder-Grantee Dynamics Responsibly2018-03-30Michael Levine Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Miscellaneous commentaryMichael Levine of the Open Philanthropy Project discusses how big donors (like the Open Philanthropy Project) can unduly influence the plans of existing and potential grantees, and what the organization is doing to mitigate that impact.
Our Progress in 2017 and Plans for 20182018-03-20Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyCriminal justice reform|Animal welfare|Scientific research|Cause prioritizationThe post compares progress made by the Open Philanthropy Project in 2017 against plans laid out in https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/our-progress-2016-and-plans-2017 and then lays out plans for 2018. The post notes that grantmaking was sustained at the expected level of over $100 million, and that hints of impact are being seen in the areas where they would be expected, namely criminal justice reform and animal welfare. Deep independent investigations, such as https://www.openphilanthropy.org/files/Focus_Areas/Criminal_Justice_Reform/The_impacts_of_incarceration_on_crime_10.pdf by David Roodman for criminal justice reform and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/how-will-hen-welfare-be-impacted-transition-cage-free-housing by Ajeya Cotra for animal welfare, are highlighted. Scientific research is identified as an area of strong progress, with the transformative R01 second chance program https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/our-second-chance-program-nih-transformative-research-applicants highlighted. The separation from GiveWell was completed in 2017. For 2018, hiring is a top priority, while the level of giving is expected to be maintained at the current level of over $100 million.
An Update to How We’re Thinking About Grant Check-Ins2018-03-09Morgan Davis Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Miscellaneous commentaryMorgan Davis of the Open Philanthropy Project describes the process that the organization uses to check in on and learn from past grants. A check-in has three goals: updates (most frequent, and quite minor), lessons (less frequent, more important, and more wide-ranging), and impact (most rare, but really important when it occurs).
The world’s most intellectual foundation is hiring. Holden Karnofsky, founder of GiveWell, on how philanthropy can have maximum impact by taking big risks.2018-02-27Robert Wiblin Kieran Harris Holden Karnofsky 80,000 HoursOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyAI safety|Global catastrophic risks|Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness|Global health and development|Animal welfare|Scientific researchThis interview, with full transcript, is an episode of the 80,000 Hours podcast. In the interview, Karnofsky provides an overview of the cause prioritization and grantmaking strategy of the Open Philanthropy Project, and also notes that the Open Philanthropy Project is hiring for a number of positions.
New Job Opportunities2018-02-14Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Job advertisementHolden Karnofsky links to job opening pages for generalist Research Analyst and Senior Research Analyst roles, specialized roles related to AI risk, roles such as Grants Associate, Operations Associate, and General Counsel, and the Director of Operations.
Where, why and how I donated in 20172018-02-01Ben Kuhn Ben Kuhn Open Philanthropy Effective Altruism Funds Effective Altruism Grants GiveWell GiveWell top charities EA Giving Group Effective Altruism Funds Periodic donation list documentationGlobal health and developmentKuhn describes his decision to allocate his donation amount ($60,000, calculated as 50% of his income for the year) between GiveWell, GiveWell top charities, and his own donor-advised fund managed by Fidelity. Kuhn also discusses the Open Philanthropy Project, EA Funds, and EA Grants, and the EA Giving Group he donated to the previous year
Update on Cause Prioritization at Open Philanthropy2018-01-26Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyCause prioritizationThis very long blog post describes how the Open Philanthropy Project currently views its trade-off between near-termist human welfare, near-termist animal welfare, and long-termism. It also discusses allocation to different causes within these broad cause types. It builds upon ideas discussed at http://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/worldview-diversification and http://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/good-ventures-and-giving-now-vs-later-2016-update
Fish: The Forgotten Farm Animal2018-01-18Lewis Bollard Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyAnimal welfare/factory farming/fishThe blog post, cross-posted from a newsletter published by the author, makes the case that fish welfare is neglected within the domain of factory farming, and provides suggestions for how to address that problem, including suggestions that the Open Philanthropy Project (where Bollard is the Program Officer for Farm Animal Welfare) is acting upon.
A Research Funder Knocks on the NIH's Door Looking for Ideas—And Big Grants Flow2018-01-11Tate Williams Inside PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Arizona State University University of Notre Dame Rockefeller University University of California, San Francisco Third-party coverage of donor strategyScientific researchThe article discusses the Open Philanthropy Project second chance funding program for rejected applicants of the National Institutes of Health transformative R01 program.
Suggestions for Individual Donors from Open Philanthropy Project Staff - 20172017-12-21Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyJaime Yassif Chloe Cockburn Lewis Bollard Nick Beckstead Daniel Dewey Center for International Security and Cooperation Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security Good Call Court Watch NOLA Compassion in World Farming USA Wild-Animal Suffering Research Effective Altruism Funds Donor lottery Future of Humanity Institute Center for Human-Compatible AI Machine Intelligence Research Institute Berkeley Existential Risk Initiative Centre for Effective Altruism 80,000 Hours Alliance to Feed the Earth in Disasters Donation suggestion listAnimal welfare|AI safety|Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness|Effective altruism|Criminal justice reformOpen Philanthropy Project staff give suggestions on places that might be good for individuals to donate to. Each suggestion includes a section "Why I suggest it", a section explaining why the Open Philanthropy Project has not funded (or not fully funded) the opportunity, and links to relevant writeups.
Our ‘Second Chance’ Program for NIH Transformative Research Applicants2017-12-20Heather Youngs Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Arizona State University University of Notre Dame Rockefeller University Univesity of California San Francisco Broad donor strategyScientific research/transformative R01The blog post describes a "second chance" program that the Open Philanthropy Project ran for rejected applications to the National Institutes of Health transformative R01 program https://commonfund.nih.gov/tra Four grants were made based on this, totaling $10.8 million. The grants were also covered in Nature at https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-017-08795-0
Staff Members’ Personal Donations for Giving Season 20172017-12-18Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyHolden Karnofsky Alexander Berger Nick Beckstead Helen Toner Claire Zabel Lewis Bollard Ajeya Cotra Morgan Davis Michael Levine GiveWell top charities GiveWell GiveDirectly EA Giving Group Berkeley Existential Risk Initiative Effective Altruism Funds Sentience Institute Encompass The Humane League The Good Food Institute Mercy For Animals Compassion in World Farming USA Animal Equality Donor lottery Against Malaria Foundation GiveDirectly Periodic donation list documentationOpen Philanthropy Project staff members describe where they are donating this year, and the considerations that went into the donation decision. By policy, amounts are not disclosed. This is the first standalone blog post of this sort by the Open Philanthropy Project; in previous years, the corresponding donations were documented in the GiveWell staff members donation post.
Reasoning Transparency2017-12-12Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Reasoning supplementThe document describes what sort of document structure for discourse and research exposition is most helpful to the Open Philanthropy Project as a consumer of the work. Announced at https://groups.google.com/a/openphilanthropy.org/forum/#!topic/newly.published/i2F6YxE14O8
Update on Investigating Neglected Goals in Biological Research2017-11-30Nick Beckstead Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Good Ventures/not recommended by GiveWell or Open Philanthropy Project Target Malaria Broad donor strategyScientific research,Global health,Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness,AgricultureThe blog post describes the way the Open Philanthropy Project is identifying neglected goals in biological research. Previously the hope was to investigate sub-areas deeply and produce write-ups. Now, the approach is more "opportunistic": rather than do public write-ups, staff look out for good opportunities for shovel-ready or highly promising grants in the specific topics identified as having strong potential.
Approaches to Moral Weights: How GiveWell Compares to Other Actors2017-11-07GiveWellGiveWell Maximum Impact Fund Open Philanthropy GiveWell top charities Deworm the World Initiative Schistosomiasis Control Initiative Against Malaria Foundation Malaria Consortium GiveDirectly GiveWell Evaluator quantification approachIn-depth look at how the way GiveWell uses moral weights in cost-effectiveness analyses (such as the value of saving lives) compares with the way governments and others in public policy use it. One difference is that the target population GiveWell deals with is often in low and middle income countries (LMIC) for which estimates of the value of a life saved are more murky. The document also talks of the different moral weights associated with saving people at different ages. See https://blog.givewell.org/2017/11/07/how-givewell-and-mainstream-policymakers-compare-the-good-achieved-by-different-programs/ for a blog post by Josh Rosenberg announcing and summarizing the report. The earlier blog post https://blog.givewell.org/2017/06/01/how-givewell-uses-cost-effectiveness-analyses/ is also referenced. Also see https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/newly-published-givewell-materials/xeSpZ512VFw (2017-11-07) for the mailing list announcement
How to end animal agriculture as soon as possible2017-09-27Robert Wiblin Lewis Bollard 80,000 HoursOpen Philanthropy Mercy For Animals Compassion in World Farming The Humane League The Humane Society of the United States Humane Society International The Good Food Institute Animal Equality Animal Charity Evaluators Broad donor strategyAnimal welfare/factory farmingPodcast with interview of Lewis Bollard (Farm Animal Welfare Program Officer at the Open Philanthropy Project) by Robert Wiblin of 80000 Hours, along with transcript. The podcast covers the strategy of the Open Philanthropy Project. 80000 Hours is an Open Philanthropy Project grant recipient and Wiblin was also on the board of Animal Charity Evaluators, an animal welfare-focused grant recipient that is discussed in the podcast.
The impacts of inacercation on crime2017-09-25David Roodman Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Reasoning supplementCriminal justice reformThe document reviews three mechanisms through which incarceration might reduce crime: deterrence, incapacitation, and aftereffects. It is also published in the form of four blog posts https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/reasonable-doubt-new-look-whether-prison-growth-cuts-crime https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/deterrence-de-minimis https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/incapacitation-how-much-does-putting-people-inside-prison-cut-crime-outside https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/aftereffects-us-evidence-says-doing-more-time-typically-leads-more-crime-after and is also available as http://files.openphilanthropy.org/files/Focus_Areas/Criminal_Justice_Reform/impacts_of_incarceration_v4.mobi (Kindle) and http://files.openphilanthropy.org/files/Focus_Areas/Criminal_Justice_Reform/impacts_of_incarceration_v4.epub (Mobi).
How Will Hen Welfare Be Impacted by the Transition to Cage-Free Housing?2017-09-15Ajeya Cotra Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Reasoning supplementAnimal welfare/factory farming/chicken/cage-free campaignA followup to https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/initial-grants-support-corporate-cage-free-reforms which described the original cage-free campaign funding strategy. This report compares aviaries (cage-free living environments) with cages for hens. It tempers original enthusiasm for cage-free by noting higher mortality rates, but continues to support the position that cage-free is likely better on net for hens. Described in blog post https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/new-report-welfare-differences-between-cage-and-cage-free-housing that expresses regret for not investigating this more thoroughly earlier, and thanks Direct Action Everywhere for highlighting the issue. See https://groups.google.com/a/openphilanthropy.org/forum/#!topic/newly.published/cnK5yNlYHuc for the announcement.
The Open Philanthropy Project AI Fellows Program2017-09-12Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyAI safetyThis annouces an AI Fellows Program to support students doing Ph.D. work in AI-related fields who have interest in AI safety. See https://www.facebook.com/vipulnaik.r/posts/10213116327718748 and https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/long-term-world-improvement/FeZ_h2HXJr0 for critical discussions.
A major grant from the Open Philanthropy Project2017-09-08Malo Bourgon Machine Intelligence Research InstituteOpen Philanthropy Machine Intelligence Research Institute Donee periodic updateAI safetyMIRI announces that it has received a three-year grant at $1.25 million per year from the Open Philanthropy Project, and links to the announcement from Open Phil at https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/machine-intelligence-research-institute-general-support-2017 and notes "The Open Philanthropy Project has expressed openness to potentially increasing their support if MIRI is in a position to usefully spend more than our conservative estimate, if they believe that this increase in spending is sufficiently high-value, and if we are able to secure additional outside support to ensure that the Open Philanthropy Project isn’t providing more than half of our total funding."
Should EAs think twice before donating to GFI? (GW, IR)2017-08-31Kevin Watkinson Effective Altruism ForumOpen Philanthropy The Good Food Institute Third-party case against donationAnimal welfareThe post argues against donations to The Good Food Institute, noting its limited track record as well as the huge amount of funding it is already receiving from the Open Philanthropy Project. This post is made shortly after an exchange between the post author (Kevin Watkinson) and Holden Karnofsky of the Open Philanthropy Project in http://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/march-2017-open-thread?page=1#comment-305 (the open thread of the Open Philanthropy Project). The post also critiques Animal Charity Evaluators (ACE) for a positive assessment of GFI, and comments include a response from an ACE employee and an ACE board member (neither in an official capacity)
Relationship Disclosure Policy2017-08-30Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Miscellaneous commentaryThe document, announced on a mailing list at https://groups.google.com/a/openphilanthropy.org/forum/#!topic/newly.published/4-0KIw2aVmQ (2017-08-30) describes a change in relationship disclosure policy on grant pages published by the Open Philanthropy Project. Relationship disclosures would now no longer be included on grant pages. See https://www.facebook.com/vipulnaik.r/posts/10212973153219475 (cross-posted at https://github.com/vipulnaik/working-drafts/blob/master/open-phil/relationship-disclosure-policy.txt to GitHub) for a critique
Fear and Loathing at Effective Altruism Global 20172017-08-16Scott Alexander Slate Star CodexOpen Philanthropy GiveWell Centre for Effective Altruism Center for Effective Global Action Raising for Effective Giving 80,000 Hours Wild-Animal Suffering Research Qualia Research Institute Foundational Research Institute Miscellaneous commentaryScott Alexander describes his experience at Effective ALtruism Global 2017. He describes how the effective altruism movement has both the formal-looking, "suits" people who are in charge of large amounts of money, and the "weirdos" who are toying around with ideas that seem strange and are not mainstream even within effective altruism. However, he feels that rather than being two separate groups, the two groups blend into and overlap with each other. He sees this as a sign that the effective altruism movement is composed of genuinely good people who are looking to make a difference, and explains why he thinks they are succeeding
Grants to Support Farm Animal Welfare Work in China2017-08-09Lewis Bollard Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Compassion in World Farming WildAid World Animal Protection Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Humane Slaughter Association Jeanne Marchig Centre Animal Welfare Standards Project Green Monday Griffith University Brighter Green Broad donor strategyAnimal welfare/factory farming/ChinaThe document describes the strategy of the Open Philanthropy Project to focus on farm animal welfare advocacy in China, and lists ten grants that are part of this strategy. It is announced 2017-08-09 at https://groups.google.com/a/openphilanthropy.org/forum/#!topic/newly.published/ngrjni1iKLg on the mailing list; this comes 9.5 months after the strategy was unofficially announced by Lewis Bollard at https://www.facebook.com/groups/EffectiveAnimalActivism/permalink/656583861179155/ (2016-10-25) on Facebook.
My current thoughts on MIRI’s highly reliable agent design work (GW, IR)2017-07-07Daniel Dewey Effective Altruism ForumOpen Philanthropy Machine Intelligence Research Institute Evaluator review of doneeAI safetyPost discusses thoughts on the MIRI work on highly reliable agent design. Dewey is looking into the subject to inform Open Philanthropy Project grantmaking to MIRI specifically and for AI risk in general; the post reflects his own opinions that could affect Open Phil decisions. See https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/long-term-world-improvement/FeZ_h2HXJr0 for critical discussion, in particular the comments by Sarah Constantin.
Hi, I’m Luke Muehlhauser. AMA about Open Philanthropy’s new report on consciousness and moral patienthood2017-06-28Luke Muehlhauser Effective Altruism ForumOpen Philanthropy Dyrevernalliansen Albert Schweitzer Foundation for Our Contemporaries Eurogroup for Animals Reasoning supplementMoral patienthood/animal welfareLuke Muehlhauser hosts an Ask Me Anything (AMA) on the Effective Altruism Forum about his recently published report https://www.openphilanthropy.org/2017-report-consciousness-and-moral-patienthood (2017-06-06). The post gets 61 comments.
The Open Philanthropy Project Is Now an Independent Organization2017-06-12Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Good Ventures Status changeThe Open Philanthropy Project announces that it is now a separate entity from GiveWell, and that it has incorporated as a LLC. The change was effective 2017-06-01. See https://blog.givewell.org/2017/06/12/separating-givewell-open-philanthropy-project/ for the complementary post on the GiveWell blog.
2017 Report on Consciousness and Moral Patienthood2017-06-06Luke Muehlhauser Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Dyrevernalliansen Albert Schweitzer Foundation for Our Contemporaries Eurogroup for Animals Reasoning supplementMoral patienthood/animal welfareThe writeup announced at https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/new-report-consciousness-and-moral-patienthood provides an overview of the findings of Luke Muehlhauser on moral patienthood -- a broad subject covering what creatures are the subject of moral concern. As described at https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/radical-empathy Open Phil identifies with radical empathy, extending concern to beings considered of moral concern, even if they are not traditionally subjects of empathy and concern. See https://www.facebook.com/groups/effective.altruists/permalink/1426329927423360/ for a discussion of the post on the Effective Altruism Facebook group, and see http://effective-altruism.com/ea/1c3/hi_im_luke_muehlhauser_ama_about_open/ for a related AMA. The writeup influenced the Open Philanthropy Project Farm Animal Welfare Officer Lewis Bollard to investigate and donate in the domain of fish welfare; see http://effective-altruism.com/ea/1c3/hi_im_luke_muehlhauser_ama_about_open/b8o for a comment clarifying this effect.
How GiveWell uses cost-effectiveness analyses2017-06-01Catherine Hollander GiveWellGiveWell Maximum Impact Fund Open Philanthropy Against Malaria Foundation GiveDirectly GiveWell top charities GiveWell Evaluator quantification approachProvides an in-depth lok at how GiveWell does cost-effectiveness analyses, including a list of the kinds of subjective inputs that go into the modeling. The later blog post https://blog.givewell.org/2017/11/07/how-givewell-and-mainstream-policymakers-compare-the-good-achieved-by-different-programs/ summarizing the report https://www.givewell.org/how-we-work/our-criteria/cost-effectiveness/comparing-moral-weights references this
An Open Letter to SOZE and the Open Philanthropy Project: The Right of Return Fellowship and Ethics in Funding2017-04-27Taylar Nuevelle MediumOpen Philanthropy The Soze Agency Third-party case against donationCriminal justice reformThe writer, a contestant for the Right of Return Fellowship, feels that the contest was rigged, and is writing to bring that to the attention of the Open Philanthropy Project, that funded the Soze Agency for this work.
Soros Connected Groups Dominate Ayala’s Personal & Professional Life2017-04-19Jacob Engels Central Florida PostOpen Philanthropy Florida Rights Restoration Coalition Fair and Just Prosecution Third-party case against donationCriminal justice reformThe writer notes how the Open Philanthropy Project (that he mistakenly believes to be a Soros-funded group) has been attempting to influence Orange and Osceola County State Attorney Aramis Ayala, and argues for more openness. See https://www.facebook.com/vipulnaik.r/posts/10212752692588097 for a discussion.
Why Are the US Corporate Cage-Free Campaigns Succeeding?2017-04-11Lewis Bollard Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy The Humane League Mercy For Animals The Humane Society of the United States Compassion in World Farming USA Review of current state of cause areaAnimal welfare/factory farming/cage-free campaignLewis Bollard, Open Philanthropy Project Program Officer for Animal Welfare, who brought passion about cage-free campaigns to the organization when he joined, provides a timeline of cage-free campaigns and an assessment of the success of these campaigns, and the role of the Open Philanthropy Project as a funder.
Open Philanthropy Project non-grant funding2017-04-02Issa Rice Open Philanthropy Miscellaneous commentaryThe document lists some funding by the Open Philanthropy Project that is publicly disclosed (either by Open Philanthropy Project or by the donee or another reliable source) but is not part of the Open Philanthropy Project grants database, and is not included in employee salaries and benefits.
Criminal Justice Reform Strategy2017-03-27Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyCriminal justice reformExplanation of the criminal justice reform strategy of the Open Philanthropy Project in the United States, under the leadership of Chloe Cockburn. Discusses broad goals, types of organizations funded, other funders in the space, and expected impact. Announced in email https://groups.google.com/a/openphilanthropy.org/forum/#!topic/newly.published/_aKeLKRqtQY by Devin Jacob on 2017-03-27.
Our Progress in 2016 and Plans for 20172017-03-14Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyScientific research|AI safetyThe blog post compares progress made by the Open Philanthropy Project in 2016 against plans laid out in https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/our-progress-2015-and-plans-2016 and then lays out plans for 2017. The post notes success in scaling up grantmaking, as hoped for in last year's plan. The spinoff from GiveWell is still not completed because it turned out to be more complex than expected, but it is expected to be finished in mid-2017. Open Phil highlights the hiring of three Scientific Advisors (Chris Somerville, Heather Youngs, and Daniel Martin-Alarcon) in mid-2016, as part of its scientific research work. The organization also plans to focus more on figuring out how to decide how much money to allocate between different cause areas, with Karnofsky's worldview diversification post https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/worldview-diversification also highlighted. There is no plan to scale up staff or grantmmaking (unlike 2016, when the focus was to scale up hiring, and 2015, when the focus was to scale up staff).
A conversation with Lewis Bollard, February 23, 20172017-02-23Lewis Bollard Luke Muehlhauser Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Review of current state of cause areaAnimal welfareFarm animal welfare program officer Lewis Bollard speaks with Luke Muehlhauser, investigator into moral patienthood, on the history of the animal rights and welfare movements as well as recent developments.
Daniel May: "Open Science: little room for more funding."2017-02-15Daniel May Oxford Prioritisation ProjectOxford Prioritisation Project Laura and John Arnold Foundation Open Philanthropy Review of current state of cause areaScientific researchThe summary states: "I consider open science as a cause area, by reviewing Open Phil’s published work, as well as some popular articles and research, and assessing the field for scale, neglectedness, and tractability. I conclude that the best giving opportunities will likely be filled by foundations such as LJAF and Open Phil, and recommend that the Oxford Prioritisation Project focusses elsewhere." Also available as a Google Doc at https://docs.google.com/document/d/13wsMAugRacu52EPZo6-7NJh4QuYayKyIbjChwU0KsVU/edit?usp=sharing and at the Effective Altruism Forum at http://effective-altruism.com/ea/17g/daniel_may_open_science_little_room_for_more/ (10 comments)
Forget Washington. Criminal Justice Funders Have Big Plans at the Local Level2017-02-08Philip Rojc Inside PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Laura and John Arnold Foundation MacArthur Foundation Third-party coverage of donor strategyCriminal justice reformThe post compares the criminal justice reform strategies followed by, on the one hand, the Arnold and MacArthur Foundation (working on the inside with government agencies and power players), on the other hand, the Open Philanthropy Project (keeping the pressure for reform from the outside). It says that the two strategies are complementary, and taken together, improve the expected amount of reform.
Good Ventures and Giving Now vs. Later (2016 Update)2016-12-28Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyGood Ventures/GiveWell top and standout charities GiveWell top charities Against Malaria Foundation Schistosomiasis Control Initiative Deworm the World Initiative GiveDirectly Malaria Consortium Sightsavers The END Fund Development Media International Food Fortification Initiative Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition Iodine Global Network Living Goods Project Healthy Children GiveWell Reasoning supplementGlobal health and developmentExplanation of reasoning that led to $50 million allocation to GiveWell top charities
Suggestions for Individual Donors from Open Philanthropy Project Staff - 20162016-12-14Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyJaime Yassif Chloe Cockburn Lewis Bollard Daniel Dewey Nick Beckstead Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense Alliance for Safety and Justice Cosecha Animal Charity Evaluators Compassion in World Farming USA Machine Intelligence Research Institute Future of Humanity Institute 80,000 Hours Ploughshares Fund Donation suggestion listAnimal welfare|AI safety|Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness|Effective altruism|Migration policyOpen Philanthropy Project staff describe suggestions for best donation opportunities for individual donors in their specific areas.
Worldview Diversification2016-12-13Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyCause prioritizationThe blog post discusses the challenge of comparing donation opportunities in very different cause areas, and the importance of relying on a diversity of worldviews to inform grantmaking strategy.
Catastrophic Global Risks: A Silicon Valley Funder Thinks the Unthinkable2016-11-30Sue Lynn-Moses Inside PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Center for International Security and Cooperation Third-party coverage of donor strategyBiosecurity and pandemic preparednessA discussion of the overall work done by the Open Philanthropy Project on global catastrophic risks, with a particular focus on biosecurity. Comparisons are made with the Skoll Global Threats Fund, and the historical work of the Rockefeller Foundation in disease surveillance (that it recently pulled out of) is referenced.
Vast Suffering, Clear Solutions: The Logic Behind a Global Push to Help Farm Animals2016-11-17Tate Williams Inside PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyAnimal welfare/factory farmingThe article reviews Open Philanthropy Project grants for animal welfare, primarily grants focused on cage-free campaigns, decided by program officer Lewis Bollard. The connection with the effective altruist movement is also highlighted.
The Open Philanthropy Project just announced our latest grant to WildAid in China2016-10-25Lewis Bollard Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Green Monday World Animal Protection Brighter Green WildAid Broad donor strategyAnimal welfare/factory farming/ChinaAnnouncement of strategy on Facebook; official document https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/grants-support-farm-animal-welfare-work-china announced at https://groups.google.com/a/openphilanthropy.org/forum/#!topic/newly.published/ngrjni1iKLg (2017-08-09).
Grisly Undercover Video Shows Chickens Being Starved To Produce More Eggs2016-10-11Nico Pitney Huffington PostOpen Philanthropy Humane Society International Mercy For Animals Animal Equality People for Animals The Humane League Third-party coverage of donor strategyAnimal welfare/factory farming/chicken/cage-free campaign/internationalProvides some context for the move by the Open Philanthropy Project in mid-2016 to expand its cage-free campaign funding internationally.
Brian Tomasik, Research Lead, Foundational Research Institute on October 6, 20162016-10-06Brian Tomasik Luke Muehlhauser Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Reasoning supplementMoral patienthood/animal welfareConversation as part of research by Muehlhauser into moral patienthood, that would culminate in the writeup https://www.openphilanthropy.org/2017-report-consciousness-and-moral-patienthood published in 2017.
Some Key Ways in Which I've Changed My Mind Over the Last Several Years2016-09-06Holden Karnofsky Open Philanthropy Machine Intelligence Research Institute Future of Humanity Institute Reasoning supplementAI safetyIn this 16-page Google Doc, Holden Karnofsky, Executive Director of the Open Philanthropy Project, lists three issues he has changed his mind about: (1) AI safety (he considers it more important now), (2) effective altruism community (he takes it more seriously now), and (3) general properties of promising ideas and interventions (he considers feedback loops less necessary than he used to, and finding promising ideas through abstract reasoning more promising). The document is linked to and summarized in the blog post https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/three-key-issues-ive-changed-my-mind-about
Machine Intelligence Research Institute — General Support2016-09-06Open Philanthropy Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Machine Intelligence Research Institute Evaluator review of doneeAI safetyOpen Phil writes about the grant at considerable length, more than it usually does. This is because it says that it has found the investigation difficult and believes that others may benefit from its process. The writeup also links to reviews of MIRI research by AI researchers, commissioned by Open Phil: http://files.openphilanthropy.org/files/Grants/MIRI/consolidated_public_reviews.pdf (the reviews are anonymized). The date is based on the announcement date of the grant, see https://groups.google.com/a/openphilanthropy.org/forum/#!topic/newly.published/XkSl27jBDZ8 for the email.
Anonymized Reviews of Three Recent Papers from MIRI’s Agent Foundations Research Agenda (PDF)2016-09-06Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Machine Intelligence Research Institute Evaluator review of doneeAI safetyReviews of the technical work done by MIRI, solicited and compiled by the Open Philanthropy Project as part of its decision process behind a grant for general support to MIRI documented at http://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/machine-intelligence-research-institute-general-support (grant made 2016-08, announced 2016-09-06).
Why the Open Philanthropy Project Should Prioritize Wild Animal Suffering2016-08-26Michael Dickens Effective Altruism ForumOpen Philanthropy Unsolicited third-party suggestions for donorAnimal welfare/wild animalsMichael Dickens offers reasons that the Open Philanthropy Project should prioritize Wild Animal Suffering. He writes: "What we need is a large, committed source of funding to jump-start the cause. If the Open Philanthropy Project began funding work on wild animal suffering, it could stimulate new research efforts or small-scale interventions by offering grants. Specifically, Open Phil should probably create a new focus area for wild animal suffering and possibly hire dedicated staff. This problem has such large scale, and so many possible interventions, that it absolutely deserves to be a dedicated focus area. Open Phil might consider lumping WAS under its farm animal welfare program, but this would excessively constrain its budget and limit the amount of staff time that it could receive. Wild animal suffering is a massive problem, and easily deserves as much attention as most of Open Phil’s other focus areas."
Housing and Incarceration Memorandum2016-08-22Chelsea Tabart Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Reasoning supplementCriminal justice reformAn internal memorandum on the intersection between housing and incarceration written by Chelsea Tabart for Chloe Cockburn (the criminal justice program officer). The memorandum would be publicly announced and linked to from https://groups.google.com/a/openphilanthropy.org/forum/#!topic/newly.published/jQyJCLBgenc (2017-10-25).
Here are the biggest things I got wrong in my attempts at effective altruism over the last ~3 years.2016-05-24Buck Shlegeris Buck Shlegeris Open Philanthropy Vegan Outreach Machine Intelligence Research Institute Broad donor strategyGlobal health|Animal welfare|AI safetyBuck Shlegeris, reflecting on his past three years as an effective altruist, identifies two mistakes he made in his past 3 years as an effective altruist: (1) "I thought leafleting about factory farming was more effective than GiveWell top charities. [...] I probably made this mistake because of emotional bias. I was frustrated by people who advocated for global poverty charities for dumb reasons. [...] I thought that if they really had that belief, they should either save their money just in case we found a great intervention for animals in the future, or donate it to the people who were trying to find effective animal right interventions. I think that this latter argument was correct, but I didn't make it exclusively." (2) "In 2014 and early 2015, I didn't pay as much attention to OpenPhil as I should have. [...] Being wrong about OpenPhil's values is forgivable, but what was really dumb is that I didn't realize how incredibly important it was to my life plan that I understand OpenPhil's values." (3) "I wish I'd thought seriously about donating to MIRI sooner. [...] Like my error #2, this is an example of failing to realize that when there's an unknown which is extremely important to my plans but I'm very unsure about it and haven't really seriously thought about it, I should probably try to learn more about it."
Potential Risks from Advanced Artificial Intelligence: The Philanthropic Opportunity2016-05-06Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Machine Intelligence Research Institute Future of Humanity Institute Review of current state of cause areaAI safetyIn this blog post that that the author says took him over over 70 hours to write (See https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/update-how-were-thinking-about-openness-and-information-sharing for the statistic), Holden Karnofsky explains the position of the Open Philanthropy Project on the potential risks and opportunities from AI, and why they are making funding in the area a priority.
Our Progress in 2015 and Plans for 20162016-04-29Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyScientific research|AI safetyThe blog post compares progress made by the Open Philanthropy Project in 2015 against plans laid out in https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/open-philanthropy-project-progress-2014-and-plans-2015 and then lays out plans for 2016. The post notes the following in relation to its 2015 plans: it succeeded in hiring and expanding the team, but had to scale back on its scientific research ambitions in mid-2015. For 2016, Open Phil plans to focus on scaling up its grantmaking and reducing its focus on hiring. AI safety is declared as an intended priority for 2016, with Daniel Dewey working on it full-time, and Nick Beckstead and Holden Karnofsky also devoting significant time to it. The post also notes plans to continue work on separating the Open Philanthropy Project from GiveWell.
Update on the Open Philanthropy Project’s Work on Migration Liberalisation2016-04-08Sebastian Nickel Open Borders: The CaseOpen Philanthropy Center for Global Development U.S. Association for International Migration Protect the People ImmigrationWorks Foundation No Lean Season Niskanen Center New York University Third-party coverage of donor strategyMigration policyThe blog post provides an update to https://openborders.info/blog/overview-of-the-open-philanthropy-projects-work-on-migration-liberalisation/ (a blog post from a year ago), providing updates on the grants discussed in the previous post, as well as descriptions of new grants. A section titled "Closing thoughts" gives the author's take on events; it stresses the difficulty of figuring out how best to effect political change, and the longer time horizon needed for efforts to bear fruit.
Initial Grants to Support Corporate Cage-free Reforms2016-03-31Lewis Bollard Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy The Humane League Mercy For Animals The Humane Society of the United States Broad donor strategyAnimal welfare/factory farming/chicken/cage-free campaign/internationalWritten to explain a bunch of grants already made in 2016-02 to support cage-free reforms in the United States for egg-laying chicken. The blog post had a heated comment section, potentially influencing future Open Phil communication on the subject.
EPISODE 324: LEWIS BOLLARD FROM THE OPEN PHILANTHROPY PROJECT2016-03-26Lewis Bollard Jasmin Singer Mariann Sullivan Our Hen HouseOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyAnimal welfare/factory farmingLewis Bollard, who recently joined the Open Philanthropy Project and has recently recommended a bunch of grants related to corporate campaigns, describes what he is working on.
Our Grantmaking So Far: Approach and Process2016-02-09Helen Toner Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyThe post provides a detailed description of Open Philanthropy's grantmaking process, both in terms of the overall approach and the decision process for individual grants. A March 2017 update adds a 50/40/10 rule. A section on differences with other foundations highlights three differences: (1) more time and thought in focus area selection and program officer selection, (2) closer collaboration between grant investigators and primary decision-makers, (3) greater prioritization of information-sharing including with the general public where feasible, and (4) taking on more of the write-up work associated with a grant, so that grantees can focus on their work and less on tailoring grant applications. The next major update from Open Philanthropy on their general grantmaking process would be https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/questions-we-ask-ourselves-making-grant by Michael Levine (2019-08-06).
Suggestions for individual donors from Open Philanthropy Project staff2015-12-23Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyChloe Cockburn Lewis Bollard Alexander Berger Nick Beckstead Howie Lempel Alliance for Safety and Justice Bronx Freedom Fund The Humane League The Humane Society of the United States Center for Global Development Center for Popular Democracy Ploughshares Fund Donation suggestion listCriminal justice reform|Animal welfare|Global healthOpen Philanthropy Project staff describe suggestions for best donation opportunities for individual donors in their specific areas. The post was originally published to the GiveWell blog.
ALLEVIATING ANIMAL SUFFERING: A CONVERSATION WITH LEWIS BOLLARD2015-11-29Marc Gunther Nonprofit ChroniclesOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyAnimal welfare/factory farmingThe author discusses takeaway from a recent lunch with Lewis Bollard, who has recently joined the Open Philanthropy Project as the Program Officer for Farm Animal Welfare.
Should the Open Philanthropy Project be Recommending More/Larger Grants?2015-11-17Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyIn this blog post, originally published at https://blog.givewell.org/2015/11/17/should-the-open-philanthropy-project-be-recommending-morelarger-grants/ on the GiveWell blog where it has some comments, Holden Karnofsky discusses why Open Philanthropy is not doing more grantmaking than it currently is. The post first begins with arguments for donating more early: the "interest rate" on accomplishing good, laying the groundwork for future grantmaking, the fact that giving opportunities may worsen over time, and challenges of peak giving. He then lists various considerations in favor of capacity-building right now so as to be able to grant more money later. He concludes: "I have an easy time imagining future recommendations in excess of $1 billion per year, while still feeling that we have a reasonably sized staff, that we are working only on outstanding causes, and that every program staffer has a reasonably strong understanding of every grant they’re recommending and is making hard choices between outstanding options. This is far beyond what we’re able to do today, though, which is why capacity building is the top priority."
Incoming Program Officer: Lewis Bollard2015-09-11Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyAnimal welfareOpen Philanthropy Project announces that it is hiring Lewis Bollard, poaching him from the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) via a referral from Howie Lempel. Bollard would direct tens of millions of dollars in funding in the area over the next few years, including massive spend on corporate cage-free campaigns in the United States and internationally. The post was originally published on the GiveWell blog at https://blog.givewell.org/2015/09/11/incoming-program-officer-lewis-bollard/ and has 6 comments there.
Open Philanthropy2015-09-05Sydney Martin Open Philanthropy Third-party coverage of donor strategyCriminal justice reformThe blog post describes the Open Philanthropy Project and its broad strategy of selecting a few areas through cause prioritization, studying them in depth, and granting a lot in those areas. She particularly focuses on criminal justice reform and the hiring of Chloe Cockburn.
Incoming Program Officer for Criminal Justice Reform: Chloe Cockburn2015-06-16Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyCriminal justice reformThe post notes that the Open Philanthropy Project is hiring Chloe Cockburn as the Program Officer in criminal justice reform, poaching her from the American Civil Liberties Union. Cockburn would direct tens of millions of dollars in funding in criminal justice reform over the next few years. The post was originally published on the GiveWell blog at https://blog.givewell.org/2015/06/16/incoming-program-officer-for-criminal-justice-reform-chloe-cockburn/ and has 5 comemnts there.
Co-funding Partnership with Kaitlyn Trigger and Mike Krieger2015-04-21Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Mike and Kaitlyn Krieger PartnershipThe blog post announces that Mike Krieger and Kaitlyn Krieger (then Kaitlyn Trigger) "have made a financial commitment of $750,000 over the next two years. 10% will go to GiveWell to support operations related to the Open Philanthropy Project. 90% will be allocated to grants identified and recommended through the Open Philanthropy Project process. We expect that the funds will be allocated evenly to all grants, rather than selectively allocated on the basis of individual grants." Later, Mike and Kaitlyn Krieger would create their own Future Justice Fund, focused on giving in the criminal justice reform space.
Overview of the Open Philanthropy Project’s work on migration liberalisation2015-03-18Sebastian Nickel Open Borders: The CaseOpen Philanthropy Center for Global Development ImmigrationWorks Foundation U.S. Association for International Migration Evidence Action Third-party coverage of donor strategyMigration policyThe blog post reviews Open Philanthropy's philanthropy strategy related to promoting freer migration in the context of their broader thinking, and discusses grants made so far to the Center for Global Development, ImmigrationWorks Foundation, and U.S. Association for International Migration. It also has a section on work related to migration within national borders that Open Philanthropy is funding. A conclusion section discusses the author's overall takeaways, and includes the sentence: "I am very impressed with the Open Philanthropy Project’s work on labour mobility."
Open Philanthropy Project: Progress in 2014 and Plans for 20152015-03-12Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyGlobal catastrophic risks|Scientific research|Global health and developmentThe blog post compares progress made by the Open Philanthropy Project in 2015 against plans laid out in https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/givewell-labs-progress-2013-and-plans-2014 and lays out further plans for 2015. The post says that progress in the areas of U.S. policy and global catastrophic risks was substantial and matched expectations, but progress in scientific research and global health and development was less than hoped for. The plan for 2015 is to focus on growing more in the domain of scientific research and postpone work on global health and development (thus freeing up staff capacity). There is much more detail in the post.
Open Philanthropy Project Update: U.S. Policy2015-03-10Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyCause prioritization,Criminal justice reform,Animal welfare,Macroeconomic stabilization policy,Migration policy,Drug policyOriginally published on the GiveWell blog at https://blog.givewell.org/2015/03/10/open-philanthropy-project-update-u-s-policy/ where comments can still be found. This is an annual update on where the Open Philanthropy Project stands on its investigation of United States policy issues. Some of the cause areas covered under what they call United States policy would later include grants to outside the United States (in particular, animal welfare), while others, such as criminal justice reform and macroeconomic stabilization policy, would remain within the United States.
Thoughts on the Sandler Foundation2015-02-24Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropySandler Foundation Open Philanthropy Center for American Progress ProPublica Center for Responsible Lending Washington Center for Equitable Growth Center on Budget and Policy Priorities Third-party coverage of donor strategyThis blog post originally appeared on the GiveWell blog at https://blog.givewell.org/2015/02/24/thoughts-on-the-sandler-foundation/ prior to the Open Phil blog launch. The post is part of Open Phil research into how different foundations structure their operations and giving. The post covers the Sandler Foundation, which has an unusual giving model, sacrificing cause-specific, domain-expert "program officers" and instead having a small staff that would opportunistically shift between researching different giving opportunities. Successes of the Sandler Foundation were noted, including forming the Center for American Progress, ProPublica, Center for Responsible Lending, and Washington Center for Equitable Growth, and providing support to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. The Sandler Foundation approach was described as follows: (1) The priority placed on funding strong leadership, (2) A high level of “opportunism”: being ready to put major funding or no funding behind an idea, depending on the quality of the specific opportunity. Ultimately, the post concluded that Open Phil would probably stick with the more standard program officer model and including a mix of larger and smaller grants. Reasons given were: (a) Open Phil's policy priorities mapped less clearly to existing political platforms than the Sandler Foundation's, so it would be harder to find fully aligned leaders, (b) Open Phil sees a good deal of value in relatively small, low-confidence, low-due-diligence grants that give a person/team a chance to “get an idea off the ground.” We’ve made multiple such grants to date and we plan on continuing to do so, (c) confidence in the Sandler Foundation's track record was not very high. However, Open Phil might experiment with using generalist staff in addition to program officers; the generalists would scan across issues to find and vet opportunities
Criminal justice reform2014-11-01Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Review of current state of cause areaCriminal justice reformThe document gives the state of understanding of the Open Philanthropy Project as of November 2014, of the landscrape for criminal justice reform in the United States. It was originally prepared for a November 2014 convening. It is superseded by later documents, in particular https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/criminal-justice-reform/criminal-justice-reform-strategy (2017-03-27).
Potential Global Catastrophic Risk Focus Areas2014-06-26Alexander Berger Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyAI safety|Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness|Global catastrophic risksIn this blog post originally published at https://blog.givewell.org/2014/06/26/potential-global-catastrophic-risk-focus-areas/ Alexander Berger goes over a list of seven types of global catastrophic risks (GCRs) that the Open Philanthropy Project has considered. He details three promising areas that the Open Philanthropy Project is exploring more and may make grants in: (1) Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness, (2) Geoengineering research and governance, (3) AI safety. For the AI safety section, there is a note from Executive Director Holden Karnofsky saying that he sees AI safety as a more promising area than Berger does.
Potential U.S. Policy Focus Areas2014-05-29Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyCause prioritization|Criminal justice reform|Drug policy|Migration policy|Macroeconomic stabilization policy|Global health and development|Climate change|Tax policyThe blog post reviews the current understanding of the Open Philanthropy Project of various cause areas that they are considering for their grantmaking. They break up the cause areas discussed as: Windows of opportunity: outstanding tractability (i.e., "the time is right"), Ambitious longshots: outstanding importance, and Green fields: outstanding "room for more philanthropy". Other causes of interest (that do not neatly fit into one of these boxes) are also discussed.
Criminal Justice Reform2014-05-01Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Review of current state of cause areaCriminal justice reformThe document summarizes the state of investigation of the Open Philanthropy Project into criminal justice reform in a United States context, as of May 2014. The nutshell headers are: What is the state of our investigation into U.S. criminal justice reform? Why are we making criminal justice reform grants? What is the problem? What are possible interventions?
Macroeconomic policy2014-05-01Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Review of current state of cause areaMacroeconomic stabilization policyInitial findings from a medium-depth investigation into the current state of macroeconomic stabilization policy.
GiveWell Labs - Progress in 2013 and Plans for 20142014-03-05Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyCause prioritizationOriginally published on the GiveWell blog at https://blog.givewell.org/2014/03/05/givewell-labs-progress-in-2013-and-plans-for-2014/ where comments can still be found. This is an annual update on the state of the Open Philanthropy Project, which, at the time, was called GiveWell Labs. It describes the areas that the Open Philanthropy Project plans to focus on, and the level of depth it plans to go into.
Biosecurity2014-01-01Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Review of current state of cause areaBiosecurity and pandemic preparednessInitial findings from a shallow investigation into the current state of biosecurity and its funding.
GiveWell Labs Update2013-09-26Holden Karnofsky Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Broad donor strategyMigration policy/labor mobility|Geoengineering research|Criminal justice reform|Animal welfare/factory farming|Open science|Global health/malaria|History of philanthropyThe blog post provides a general update on GiveWell Labs (that would later become Open Philanthropy). It lists seven causes that it considers promising and plans to investigate further.
Treatment of Animals in Industrial Agriculture2013-09-01Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Review of current state of cause areaAnimal welfare/factory farming/United StatesInitial findings from a shallow investigation into the impact of industrial agriculture on animal welfare in the United States.
Labor Mobility2013-05-01Open PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Review of current state of cause areaMigration policy/labor mobilityInitial findings from a shallow investigation into the current state of labor mobility, with more focus on the United States.
Thoughts on the Singularity Institute (SI) (GW, IR)2012-05-11Holden Karnofsky LessWrongOpen Philanthropy Machine Intelligence Research Institute Evaluator review of doneeAI safetyPost discussing reasons Holden Karnofsky, co-executive director of GiveWell, does not recommend the Singularity Institute (SI), the historical name for the Machine Intelligence Research Institute. This evaluation would be the starting point for the initial position of the Open Philanthropy Project (a GiveWell spin-off grantmaker) toward MIRI, but Karnofsky and the Open Philanthropy Project would later update in favor of AI safety in general and MIRI in particular; this evolution is described in https://docs.google.com/document/d/1hKZNRSLm7zubKZmfA7vsXvkIofprQLGUoW43CYXPRrk/edit
Singularity Institute for Artificial Intelligence2011-04-30Holden Karnofsky GiveWellOpen Philanthropy Machine Intelligence Research Institute Evaluator review of doneeAI safetyIn this email thread on the GiveWell mailing list, Holden Karnofsky gives his views on the Singularity Institute for Artificial Intelligence (SIAI), the former name for the Machine Intelligence Research Institute (MIRI). The reply emails include a discussion of how much weight to give to, and what to learn from, the support for MIRI by Peter Thiel, a wealthy early MIRI backer. In the final email in the thread, Holden Karnofsky includes an audio recording with Jaan Tallinn, another wealthy early MIRI backer. This analysis likely influences the review https://www.lesswrong.com/posts/6SGqkCgHuNr7d4yJm/thoughts-on-the-singularity-institute-si (GW, IR) published by Karnofsky next year, as well as the initial position of the Open Philanthropy Project (a GveWell spin-off grantmaker) toward MIRI.
Open Philanthropy Project: Grants for Global SecurityInside PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Center for International Security and Cooperation Third-party coverage of donor strategyBiosecurity and pandemic preparednessAn overview by Inside Philanthropy of the Open Philanthropy Project and its work on biosecurity grants.
Advocacy for Improved or Increased U.S. Foreign AidOpen PhilanthropyOpen Philanthropy Review of current state of cause areaGlobal health and developmentThe Open Philanthropy Project reviews the current state of policy advocacy for increasing development assistance from the United States government, in order to identify what a new funder (potentially, the Open Philanthropy Project) could do in the space.

Full list of donations in reverse chronological order (805 donations)

Graph of top 10 donees by amount, showing the timeframe of donations

Graph of donations and their timeframes
DoneeAmount (current USD)Amount rank (out of 805)Donation dateCause areaURLInfluencerNotes
Centre for the Governance of AI2,537,600.00802021-12AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/gov-ai-field-buildingLuke Muehlhauser Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support activities related to building the field of AI governance research. GovAI intends to use this funding to conduct AI governance research and to develop a talent pipeline for those interested in entering the field."

Other notes: Grant made via the Centre for Effective Altruism. Intended funding timeframe in months: 24.
Animal Welfare Awareness, Research, and Education267,723.004312021-12Animal welfare/factory farming/pighttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/animal-welfare-awareness-research-and-education-pig-welfare-reformsAmanda Hungerford Lewis Bollard Donation process: The grant page says: "AWARE identified pig welfare as a promising policy reform opportunity following our October 2020 support."

Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support work on pig welfare reforms in South Korea. [...] This funding is intended to support the implementation of a sow stall ban and the creation of a welfare standard assessment for pigs."

Other notes: Currency info: donation given as 318,000,000.00 KRW (conversion done via donor calculation); intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: South Korea.
theguardian.org450,000.003322021-12Animal welfare/factory farminghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/the-guardian-journalism-factory-farming-animal-cruelty-2021Lewis Bollard Amanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support journalism on factory farming and farm animal cruelty. In keeping with The Guardian’s journalistic and transparency standards, all supported content will be clearly labeled, and Open Philanthropy will have no editorial control over the content ultimately published."

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount per year for this grant ($450,000 / year) is the same as for the previous grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/the-guardian-journalism-factory-farming-animal-cruelty-2020 ($900,000 over two years).

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The grant is made right after the end of the two-year timeframe of the previous grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/the-guardian-journalism-factory-farming-animal-cruelty-2020 (2020-01).
Intended funding timeframe in months: 12

Donor thoughts on making further donations to the donee: This is an exit grant, so Open Philanthropy has no plans to make followup grants.
The Good Food Institute10,000,000.00172021-12Animal welfare/meat alternatives/plant-based meathttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/good-food-institute-general-support-2021Lewis Bollard Amanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: Grant "for general support, including its work promoting plant-based alternatives to animal products."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "Our Farm Animal Welfare team has been particularly impressed with GFI’s public policy work relating to plant-based products."

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The grant is made is made right after the end of the two-year timeframe of the previous grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/good-food-institute-international-work (2019-12).
Intended funding timeframe in months: 24
Redwood Research9,420,000.00212021-11AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/redwood-research-general-supportNick Beckstead Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: Grant "for general support. Redwood Research is a new research institution that conducts research to better understand and make progress on AI alignment in order to improve the long-run future."

Other notes: This is a total across four grants.
The Degrees Initiative5,000,000.00322021-11Climate change/geoengineering/solar radiation managementhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/miscellaneous/degrees-initiative-general-support-2021Jacob Trefethen Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "This funding is intended to support research in lower- and middle-income countries on the potential physical and socio-political implications of solar radiation management (SRM)."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "We see supporting researchers, especially those outside the Global North, as a promising step towards improving governance around SRM. And we continue to view SRM governance as a field that is largely neglected by philanthropists and governments."

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): No explicit reason for timing is given; the grant is made about one year after the end of the three-year timeframe of the preceding grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/miscellaneous/solar-radiation-management-governance-initiative-general-support-2017 (2017-09).
Intended funding timeframe in months: 36

Other notes: Grant made via Prism the Gift Fund.
Just Impact50,000,000.0022021-11Criminal justice reformhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/criminal-justice-reform/just-impact-safely-reducing-incarcerationZachary Robinson Donation process: The money is seed funding for an organization being spun out of Open Philanthropy. The decision to provide seed funding is tied with the whole process of spinning out. https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/our-criminal-justice-reform-program-now-independent-organization-just-impact has more details.

Intended use of funds (category): Regranting

Intended use of funds: Grant "to launch Just Impact. Just Impact describes itself as “a criminal justice reform advisory group and fund that is focused on building the power and influence of highly strategic, directly-impacted leaders and their allies to create transformative change from the ground up.”" Given its role as a successor to Open Phil's grantmaking, it is expected that most of these funds will be regranted to other criminal justice reform organizations.

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The post https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/our-criminal-justice-reform-program-now-independent-organization-just-impact goes into details on the reasons for spinning Just Impact out of Open Philanthropy, including: reduced interest in Open Philanthropy continuing to fund criminal justice reform, ability of a separate organization to attract other donors, ability of a separate organizations to implement more vision and strategy, and value as an experiment in spinning out organizations. The seed funding is provided to "make this transition in a way that positions the CJR work to maintain its successes, navigate the transitional period smoothly, and hopefully raise enough from other funders to have even more impact in the future."

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount per unit time is a little lower than Open Philanthropy's criminal justice reform grantmaking so far ($130 million over 6 years), but likely enough for Open Philanthropy's goal to "make this transition in a way that positions the CJR work to maintain its successes, navigate the transitional period smoothly, and hopefully raise enough from other funders to have even more impact in the future."

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The timing of the grant is determined by the timing of the decision to spin out the organization. It comes two years after the post https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/givewells-top-charities-are-increasingly-hard-beat that has the background thinking that led to Open Philanthropy deprioritizing criminal justice reform philanthropy. It also comes a few months after https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/open-philanthropy-s-new-co-ceo where the near-termist portion of grantmaking got its own name "Global Health and Wellbeing" and a co-CEO, Alexander Berger, to lead it.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 42

Donor thoughts on making further donations to the donee: https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/our-criminal-justice-reform-program-now-independent-organization-just-impact says: "We will continue to follow progress and continually revisit the right level of support in light of both Just Impact’s impact and our understanding of our alternative giving opportunities, and may continue our support beyond this initial seed grant."

Other notes: https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/our-criminal-justice-reform-program-now-independent-organization-just-impact has more details on the spinout. It is also cross-posted to the EA Forum at https://forum.effectivealtruism.org/posts/5jTiPa2MJ3umhzT3S/our-criminal-justice-reform-program-is-now-an-independent (GW, IR) by an unaffiliated individual. Affected countries: United States; announced: 2021-11-16.
Californians Against Pandemics5,000,000.00322021-10Biosecurity and pandemic preparednesshttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity/californians-against-pandemics-ballot-initiativeZachary Robinson Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support work on the California Pandemic Early Detection and Prevention Act ballot initiative. If passed by voters, the California Pandemic Early Detection and Prevention Act will create a grantmaking institute that will fund research on and development of pathogen genomics in order to reduce biosecurity risks posed by novel pathogens."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: United States; affected states: California.
University of Rochester (Earmark: Travis Baseler)893,156.002082021-10Migration policyhttp://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/immigration-policy/university-of-rochester-rural-urban-migration-in-kenyaSaarthak Gupta Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support the scale-up of a previous study https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3534715 conducted by Professor Travis Baseler, on the impact of information asymmetries on rural-urban migration in Kenya. Approximately 500 rural households participated in the previous study, which found that correcting underestimates of wages in Nairobi led to increased migration and significantly increased migrants’ household incomes. Professor Baseler intends to use this funding to expand the study to 16,800 households in Kenya."

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): No explicit reasons for timing are discussed, but the grant is made about one month after the paper https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3534715 about the previous study is published.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 60

Other notes: Affected countries: Kenya.
Effective Altruism Funds: Effective Altruism Infrastructure Fund500,000.002812021-10Effective altruismhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/giving/grants/centre-effective-altruism-infrastructure-fundClaire Zabel Donation process: https://funds.effectivealtruism.org/funds/payouts/may-august-2021-ea-infrastructure-fund-grants says: "the EAIF has a large funding gap of $3M+ per year that currently looks like it may only be possible to fill by grants from large donors such as Open Philanthropy. [...] For this reason, we have started to apply for grants from large funders"

Intended use of funds (category): Regranting

Intended use of funds: The funding is to be used for the EAIF's ongoing grantmaking. Since the EAIF expects to grant $3 million+ per year, this funding would effectively get spent within the next few months. The grant page says: "The EAIF intends to re-grant this funding to interventions that aim to increase the impact of projects related to effective altruism, by increasing those projects’ access to talent, capital, and knowledge." https://funds.effectivealtruism.org/funds/payouts/may-august-2021-ea-infrastructure-fund-grants also says: "by default, the EAIF will not fund organizations that are Open Philanthropy grantees and that plan to apply for renewed funding from Open Philanthropy in the future."
Stanford University (Earmark: Dimitis Tsipras)330,792.003872021-08AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/stanford-adversarial-robustness-research-tsiprasCatherine Olsson Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support early-career research by Dimitris Tsipras on adversarial robustness as a means to improve AI safety."

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): No explicit reasons for the amount are given, but the amount is similar to the amounts for other grants from Open Philanthropy to early-stage researchers in adversarial robustness research. This includes the two other grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/stanford-adversarial-robustness-research-santurkar and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-southern-california-adversarial-robustness-research made around the same time, as well as grants earlier in the year to researchers at Carnegie Mellon University, University of Tübingen, and UC Berkeley.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): At around the same time as this grant, Open Philanthropy made two other grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/stanford-adversarial-robustness-research-santurkar and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-southern-california-adversarial-robustness-research to early-stage researchers in adversarial robustness research.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 36

Other notes: Open Phil made another grant http://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/stanford-adversarial-robustness-research-santurkar at the same time, for the same amount and 3-year timeframe, with the same grant investigator, and with the same receiving university.
Stanford University (Earmark: Shibani Santurkar)330,792.003872021-08AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/stanford-adversarial-robustness-research-santurkarCatherine Olsson Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support early-career research by Shibani Santurkar on adversarial robustness as a means to improve AI safety."

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): No explicit reasons for the amount are given, but the amount is similar to the amounts for other grants from Open Philanthropy to early-stage researchers in adversarial robustness research. This includes the two other grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/stanford-adversarial-robustness-research-tsipras and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-southern-california-adversarial-robustness-research made around the same time, as well as grants earlier in the year to researchers at Carnegie Mellon University, University of Tübingen, and UC Berkeley.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): At around the same time as this grant, Open Philanthropy made two other grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/stanford-adversarial-robustness-research-tsipras and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-southern-california-adversarial-robustness-research to early-stage researchers in adversarial robustness research.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 36

Other notes: Open Phil made another grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/stanford-adversarial-robustness-research-tsipras at the same time, for the same amount and 3-year timeframe, with the same grant investigator, and with the same receiving university.
University of Southern California (Earmark: Robin Jia)320,000.003952021-08AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-southern-california-adversarial-robustness-researchCatherine Olsson Nick Beckstead Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support early-career research by Robin Jia on adversarial robustness and out-of-distribution generalization as a means to improve AI safety."

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): No explicit reasons for the amount are given, but the amount is similar to the amounts for other grants from Open Philanthropy to early-stage researchers in adversarial robustness research. This includes the two other grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/stanford-adversarial-robustness-research-tsipras and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/stanford-adversarial-robustness-research-santurkar made around the same time, as well as grants earlier in the year to researchers at Carnegie Mellon University, University of Tübingen, and UC Berkeley.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): At around the same time as this grant, Open Philanthropy made two other grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/stanford-adversarial-robustness-research-tsipras and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/stanford-adversarial-robustness-research-santurkar to early-stage researchers in adversarial robustness research.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 36
Center for Security and Emerging Technology3,330,000.00542021-08Biosecurity and pandemic preparednesshttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity/center-security-and-emerging-technology-biosecurity-researchAndrew Snyder-Beattie Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support a project investigating the extent and risks of dual-use research in the biosciences."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "The hope is that the results of this project will better inform policymakers and other stakeholders of the security implications of such research."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 36.
Open New York1,000,000.001752021-08Land use reformhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/land-use-reform/open-new-yorkOtis Reid Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "This funding is intended to support Open New York’s work advocating for New York housing to be affordable and accessible to everyone."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "As part of our focus on land use reform to promote housing affordability, we’ve supported a number of advocacy organizations in high-wage, high-cost regions (e.g. Seattle and Washington, D.C.) to push for more housing."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: United States; affected states: New York; affected cities: New York City.
Animal Alliance Asia120,000.005662021-08Animal welfare/factory farminghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/animal-alliance-asiaAmanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support farm animal welfare movement building in Asia. AAA intends to use this funding to host conferences for animal welfare groups across Asia, provide skills-building and networking for groups and individuals working on farm animal advocacy in the region, and reach out to value-aligned organizations."

Other notes: Grant via The Pollination Project. Affected countries: Asia.
Purdue University (Earmark: Douglas Brubaker)1,500,000.001302021-08Scientific research/tools and techniqueshttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/scientific-research/purdue-preclinical-data-research-brubakerHeather Youngs Chris Somerville Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support research led by Dr. Douglas Brubaker on developing a computational model to translate preclinical data in mouse disease models to humans. [...] Dr. Brubaker intends to use this funding to develop a computational model that uses mouse data from an Alzheimer’s disease study conducted by Washington University to attempt to predict the study’s human trial outcomes."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "It is not uncommon that preclinical data from mice fail to translate to similar preclinical results in humans, limiting the applicability of mouse data to human medicine. [...] Our scientific research team believes that Dr. Brubaker’s computational model, if successful, could improve drug discovery and reduce reliance on mouse experiments."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 60.
Center for Security and Emerging Technology38,920,000.0032021-08AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-security-and-emerging-technology-general-support-august-2021Luke Muehlhauser Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "CSET is a think tank, incubated by our January 2019 support, dedicated to policy analysis at the intersection of national and international security and emerging technologies. This funding is intended to augment our original support for CSET, particularly for its work on security and artificial intelligence."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 36.
Rethink Priorities495,685.003192021-07AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/rethink-priorities-ai-governanceLuke Muehlhauser Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support research projects on topics related to AI governance."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "We believe that Rethink Priorities’ research outputs may help inform our AI policy grantmaking strategy."
Dezernat Zukunft4,000,000.00412021-07Macroeconomic stabilization policyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/macroeconomic-policy/dezernat-zukunft-general-support-and-regrantingPeter Favaloro Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support|Regranting

Intended use of funds: Grant "for general support and re-granting to budding and established organizations working on monetary and fiscal policy throughout Europe. Dezernat Zukunft is a nonpartisan German think tank that focuses on European monetary and fiscal policy, prioritizing employment gains, widely shared prosperity, and a more sustainable macroeconomic environment."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: Europe.
Reducetarian Foundation200,000.004842021-07Animal welfare/diet changehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/reducetarian-fellowshipLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support a new fellowship program for undergraduate students in the United States. Fellows will work with mentors, participate in seminars and networking opportunities, and be placed in internships at participating organizations and startups working to reduce societal consumption of animal products."
Federation of American Scientists600,000.002472021-07Migration policy/high-skilled migraationhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/us-policy/immigration-policy/federation-of-american-scientists-high-skilled-immigration-policyEmily Oehlsen Alexander Berger Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support work on high-skilled immigration policy."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: United States.
Mercy For Animals3,000,000.00572021-06Animal welfare/factory farming/chicken/broiler chicken/cage-fre/corporate campaignhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/mercy-animals-corporate-campaigns-2021Lewis Bollard Amanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support corporate engagement on animal welfare. MFA plans to use this funding to continue its cage-free and broiler welfare corporate campaigns in Latin America and the United States, respectively."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant follows up on several past grants for similar uses, and reasons for past grants, including strong track record, probably apply. Nothing is explicitly mentioned on the grant page.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): No explicit reason is given for the amount, but the amount is about half the amount of the previous two-year grant. The smaller grant amount may reflect a shorter timeframe of this grant.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The grant is made around the end of the two-year timeframe of the previous grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/mercy-animals-corporate-campaigns-2019 (2019-07) that had a very similar intended use of funds. It is likely motivated by the end of the previous grant.

Other notes: Affected countries: United States|Latin America.
Wild Animal Initiative3,500,000.00492021-06Animal welfare/wild animal welfarehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/wild-animal-initiative-animal-welfare-researchLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "[grant] to support research on animal welfare. This funding is intended to support academic projects relevant to the field of welfare biology."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "WAI, recently named an Animal Charity Evaluators Top Charity, has previously recommended to us a number of giving opportunities, including to the University of Missouri and the University of Glasgow." https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/university-of-missouri-animal-welfare-research and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/university-of-glasgow-animal-welfare-research are the linked grants.

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24.
Carnegie Mellon University (Earmark: Zico Kolter)330,000.003892021-05AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/carnegie-mellon-adversarial-robustness-kolterCatherine Olsson Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support Professor Zico Kolter on adversarial robustness as a means to improve AI safety."

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): No explicit reasons for the amount are given, but the amount is similar to the amounts for other grants from Open Philanthropy to early-stage researchers in adversarial robustness research. This includes grants earlier and later in the year to early-stage researchers at UC Berkeley, University of Tübingen, Stanfard University, and University of Southern California.

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 36.
Daniel Dewey175,000.005152021-05AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/daniel-dewey-ai-alignment-projectNick Beckstead Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant to support "work on an AI alignment project and related field-building efforts. Daniel plans to use this funding to produce writing and reports summarizing existing research and investigating potentially valuable projects relevant to AI alignment, with the goal of helping junior researchers and others understand how they can contribute to the field."
Employ America1,000,000.001752021-05Macroeconomic stabilization policyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/macroeconomic-policy/employ-america-general-support-2021Alexander Berger Donation process: This is a total across two grants.

Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "Employ America makes the public and intellectual case for policies that support full employment and seeks to build a broad set of allies to further that goal. It produces research and analysis on the state of the labor market and current and potential macroeconomic policies and policymakers. Employ America was founded by Sam Bell, who has consulted for us and our grantee Fed Up."

Other notes: Affected countries: United States.
University of Cambridge (Earmark: David Krueger)250,000.004432021-04AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-cambridge-david-kruegerDaniel Dewey Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support Professor David Krueger’s machine learning research."

Other notes: Grant made via Cambridge in America. Intended funding timeframe in months: 48.
Wakker Dier1,180,000.001582021-04Animal welfare/factory farming/litigationhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/wakker-dier-faw-litigationLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says the grant is "to support farm animal welfare litigation in the Netherlands, based on violations of European Union directives transposed into Dutch law."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "Our farm animal welfare team believes that successful litigation could encourage large-scale reforms to and enforcement of key European Union farm animal welfare policies."

Other notes: Currency info: donation given as 1,000,000.00 EUR (conversion done via donor calculation); intended funding timeframe in months: 36; affected countries: Netherlands.
Compassion in World Farming USA550,000.002612021-04Animal welfare/factory farminghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/CIWF-general-support-2021Lewis Bollard Donation process: This is a followup grant to the grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/CIWF-USA-general-support-2018 (March 2018).

Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: Grant "for general support. CIWF intends to use this funding to continue to seek implementation of existing cage-free reforms, pursue its meat reduction strategy and priorities, and to secure new corporate broiler welfare reforms."

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The grant is made right around the expiration of the previous three-year grant, so the timing is likely determined by that expiration.

Other notes: Affected countries: United States.
Open Phil AI Fellowship (Earmark: Collin Burns|Jared Quincy Davis|Jesse Mu|Meena Jagadeesan|Tan Zhi-Xuan)1,300,000.001462021-04AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/open-phil-ai-fellowship-2021-classDaniel Dewey Donation process: According to the grant page "These [five] fellows were selected from 397 applicants for their academic excellence, technical knowledge, careful reasoning, and interest in making the long-term, large-scale impacts of AI a central focus of their research."

Intended use of funds (category): Living expenses during research project

Intended use of funds: Grant to provide scholarship to five machine learning researchers over five years

Donor reason for selecting the donee: According to the grant page: "The intent of the Open Phil AI Fellowship is both to support a small group of promising researchers and to foster a community with a culture of trust, debate, excitement, and intellectual excellence. We plan to host gatherings once or twice per year where fellows can get to know one another, learn about each other’s work, and connect with other researchers who share their interests."

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): An explicit reason for the amount is not specified, and the total amount is lower than previous years, but the amount per researcher ($260,000) is a little higher than previous years. It's likely that the amount per researcher is determined first and the total amount is the sum of these.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): This is the fourth of annual sets of grants, decided through an annual application process, with the announcement made between April and June each year. The timing may have been chosen to sync with the academic year.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 60

Other notes: The initial grant page only listed four of the five fellows and an amount of $1,000,000. The fifth fellow, Tan Zhi-Xuan, was added later and the amount was increased to $1,300,000.
The Wilson Center291,214.004202021-04AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/wilson-center-ai-policy-training-programLuke Muehlhauser Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to pilot an AI policy training program. The Wilson Center is a non-partisan policy forum for tackling global issues through independent research and open dialogue."
Rethink Priorities315,500.003972021-03Animal welfare/moral patienthood/researchhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/rethink-priorities-moral-patienthood-moral-weight-researchLuke Muehlhauser Lewis Bollard Donation process: The donation process is not explicitly described, but hints are provided. One of the grant investigators is Luke Muehlhauser, who is not usually involved with animal welfare grants, but had previously produced a report https://www.openphilanthropy.org/2017-report-consciousness-and-moral-patienthood on consciousness and moral patienthood that the grant page links to.

Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support research related to moral patienthood and moral weight."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "We believe the research outputs may help us compare future opportunities within farm animal welfare, prioritize across causes, and update our assumptions informing our worldview diversification work." It links to the blog post https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/worldview-diversification from 2016.

Other notes: This is a total across two grants. Intended funding timeframe in months: 24.
Wageningen University & Research (Earmark: Hendrik Kramer|Michelle Boonstra|Hans van de Vis)519,434.002752021-03Animal welfare/factory farming/fish/wild-caught demersal fishhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/wageningen-university-wild-fishLewis Bollard Amanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to develop and implement a humane stunning system for wild-caught demersal fish."

Other notes: Currency info: donation given as 473,260.00 EUR (conversion done via donor calculation); intended funding timeframe in months: 36.
Hypermind (Earmark: Metaculus)121,124.005642021-03AI safety/forecastinghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/hypermind-ai-forecasting-tournamentLuke Muehlhauser Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Contractor agreement "to collaborate with Metaculus on an AI development forecasting tournament. Forecasts will cover the themes of hardware and supercomputing, performance and benchmarks, research trends, and economic and financial impact."
Brian Christian66,000.006602021-03AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/brian-christian-alignment-book-promotionNick Beckstead Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Contractor agreement "with Brian Christian to support the promotion of his book The Alignment Problem: Machine Learning and Human Values."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "Our potential risks from advanced artificial intelligence team hopes that the book will generate interest in AI alignment among academics and others."
Schistosomiasis Control Initiative3,129,000.00562021-03Global health/deworminghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-health-and-development/miscellaneous/schistosomiasis-control-initiative-general-support-2021GiveWell Donation process: The grant is based on GiveWell's recommendation. GiveWell made the recommendations as part of its end-of-year recommendations to Open Philanthropy, along with allocations to other GiveWell top and standout charities. The total budget of $100 million is set by Open Philanthropy, but GiveWell decided to allocate only $70 million in end-of-year grantmaking and defers the remaining $30 million to early 2021. GiveWell explains the process in detail at https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation (published February 2021).

Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Donor reason for selecting the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#SCI_Foundation says: "We estimate that SCI's overall cost-effectiveness is 10x cash, which is right at our current funding threshold. We focus on SCI's overall cost-effectiveness because, based on our past experience with SCI and our understanding that SCI has access to a substantial amount of non-GiveWell-driven flexible funding, we don't currently believe that we can either predict or drive how SCI will use marginal funding. [...] our estimate of SCI's overall cost-effectiveness is quite sensitive to our estimates for its three most cost-effective country programs. [...] SCI's current and expected funding, along with this grant of $3.1 million, will allow SCI to maintain its current work through 2022."

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#SCI_Foundation says: "SCI's current and expected funding, along with this grant of $3.1 million, will allow SCI to maintain its current work through 2022."
Percentage of total donor spend in the corresponding batch of donations: 4.47%

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Part of GiveWell's end-of-year recommendations for Open Philanthropy, so the timing is determined by the timing of end-of-year recommendations (which is usually the week after Thanksgiving in the United States). The grant is made by Open Philanthropy shortly after the recommendations.

Donor thoughts on making further donations to the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#SCI_Foundation says: "SCI will be facing a large budget shortfall in 2023. We plan to decide in the next year whether we believe that SCI's use of additional funding in 2022 and 2023 is competitive with other opportunities to which we could direct funding. We plan to do further work on our worm burden assessment and have further conversations with SCI about how its choices of which countries to work with affect our estimate of its cost-effectiveness."

Donor retrospective of the donation: SCI continues to remain a GiveWell top charity in 2021.

Other notes: See https://www.givewell.org/charities/sci-foundation/November-2020-version for GiveWell's review of SCI at the time of the grant recommendation.
MIT Media Lab (Earmark: Kevin Esvelt)1,000,000.001752021-03Biosecurity and pandemic preparednesshttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity/massachusetts-institute-technology-media-lab-kevin-esvelt-2021Andrew Snyder-Beattie Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to continue to support the research of Professor Kevin Esvelt. Professor Esvelt plans to use this funding to conduct work on topics related to biosecurity."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page does not discuss reasoning but alludes to an earlier grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/miscellaneous/massachusetts-institute-technology-media-lab-kevin-esvelt also supporting Kevin Esvelt's lab, though the earlier grant was more broadly focused on global health, animal welfare, and global catastrophic risks.

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24.
Abundant Housing Massachusetts600,000.002472021-03Land use reformhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/land-use-reform/abundant-housing-massachusettsZachary Robinson Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: Grant "for general support. Abundant Housing Massachusetts is a new statewide organization that advocates for more housing across Massachusetts and within the Greater Boston Area."

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The grant page calls the grantee a "new statewide organization" so this is likely an initial/founding grant and the timing is explained accordingly.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 24

Other notes: Affected countries: United States; affected states: Massachusetts; affected cities: Boston.
Dao Foods1,100,000.001652021-03Animal welfare/meat alternatives/plant-based meathttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/dao-foods-plant-based-meat-promotionLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says the grant is "to support work promoting plant-based meat in Asia."

Other notes: The grant is via Rethink Charity. Intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: Asia.
FAI Farms600,000.002472021-03Animal welfare/factory farming/chicken/cage-freehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/fai-farms-cage-free-egg-certification-and-summitLewis Bollard Donation process: This grant appears to be a result of successful progress funded by a previous grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/fai-farms-cage-free-egg-investigation to launch a cage-free egg certification project. Also, the grant page says: "This project was supported through a contractor agreement. While we typically do not publish pages for contractor agreements, we occasionally opt to do so."

Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support cage-free certification work — in partnership with the China Chain Store and Franchise Association — and a summit promoting poultry welfare and cage-free egg production. The certification project’s aim is to develop a large-scale production and certification model for cage-free eggs in China, the world’s largest egg producer."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: No explicit reason is given, but the grant page hints at the scale of the problem being addressed: "The certification project’s aim is to develop a large-scale production and certification model for cage-free eggs in China, the world’s largest egg producer." Open Philanthropy has previously explained its support for cage-free campaigns at https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/initial-grants-support-corporate-cage-free-reforms and in other blog posts.

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: China.
University of Tübingen (Earmark: Wieland Brendel)590,000.002542021-02AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-tubingen-robustness-research-brendelCatherine Olsson Nick Beckstead Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says the grant is "to support early-career research by Wieland Brendel on robustness as a means to improve AI safety."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: Open Phil made five grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-tuebingen-adversarial-robustness-hein https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-santa-cruz-xie-adversarial-robustness https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-wagner https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-song https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/mit-adversarial-robustness-research for "adversarial robustness research" in January and February 2021, around the time of this grant. It looks like the donor became interested in funding this research topic at this time.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Open Phil made five grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-tuebingen-adversarial-robustness-hein https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-santa-cruz-xie-adversarial-robustness https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-wagner https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-song https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/mit-adversarial-robustness-research for "adversarial robustness research" in January and February 2021, around the time of this grant. It looks like the donor became interested in funding this research topic at this time.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 36
University of Tübingen (Earmark: Matthias Hein)300,000.004012021-02AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-tuebingen-adversarial-robustness-heinCatherine Olsson Nick Beckstead Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support research by Professor Matthias Hein on adversarial robustness as a means to improve AI safety."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: This is one of five grants made by the donor for "adversarial robustness research" in January and February 2021, all with the same grant investigators (Catherine Olsson and Daniel Dewey) except the Santa Cruz grant that had Olsson and Nick Beckstead. https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-santa-cruz-xie-adversarial-robustness https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/mit-adversarial-robustness-research https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-wagner and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-song are the four other grants. It looks like the donor became interested in funding this research topic at this time.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): No explicit reasons for the amount are given, but the amount is similar to the amounts for other grants from Open Philanthropy to early-stage researchers in adversarial robustness research. This includes three other grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-santa-cruz-xie-adversarial-robustness https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-wagner and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-song made at the same time as well as grants later in the year to early-stage researchers at Carnegie Mellon University, Stanford University, and University of Southern California.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): This is one of five grants made by the donor for "adversarial robustness research" in January and February 2021, all with the same grant investigators (Catherine Olsson and Daniel Dewey) except the Santa Cruz grant that had Olsson and Nick Beckstead. https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-santa-cruz-xie-adversarial-robustness https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/mit-adversarial-robustness-research https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-wagner and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-song are the four other grants. It looks like the donor became interested in funding this research topic at this time.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 36
Sightsavers2,796,000.00692021-02Global health/deworminghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-health-and-development/miscellaneous/sightsavers-deworming-2021GiveWell Donation process: The grant is based on GiveWell's recommendation. GiveWell made the recommendations as part of its end-of-year recommendations to Open Philanthropy, along with allocations to other GiveWell top and standout charities. The total budget of $100 million is set by Open Philanthropy, but GiveWell decided to allocate only $70 million in end-of-year grantmaking and defers the remaining $30 million to early 2021. GiveWell explains the process in detail at https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation (published February 2021).

Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Sightsavers-_deworming_program says the grant is "to continue, through 2022, Sightsavers' deworming programs that have previously been funded by GiveWell-directed funding. This includes deworming programs in several states in Nigeria ($1.5 million, 30x cash), Cameroon ($1.2 million, 15x cash), and DRC ($200,000, 2x cash)."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Our_recommended_allocation_to_Open_Philanthropy puts the grant in the bucket of "Limited support to programs that we have funded in the past that are less cost-effective than the needs we're prioritizing." It further says: "Many of these programs are only slightly less cost-effective than the programs we recommend on the margin (the programs that we model as more than 10x cash, listed in the next bullet). We may want to fund these programs in the future if available funding for our top charities outpaces new giving opportunities or if new information increases our estimate of their cost-effectiveness. We also think this funding could be justified on the basis of being responsible funders—i.e., not making large changes in our funding each year, which may help charities in their ability to plan."

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount is the total amount that falls under the bucket of "Limited support to programs that we have funded in the past that are less cost-effective than the needs we're prioritizing." https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Sightsavers-_deworming_program has details on programs the amount will fund. It also lists funding gaps not being filled right now, for different reasons for the different gaps: desire to get Sightsavers to agree to more thorough data collection, as well as a low estimate of or high skepticism about cost-effectiveness.
Percentage of total donor spend in the corresponding batch of donations: 3.99%

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Part of GiveWell's end-of-year recommendations for Open Philanthropy, so the timing is determined by the timing of end-of-year recommendations (which is usually the week after Thanksgiving in the United States). The grant is made by Open Philanthropy shortly after the recommendations.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 24

Donor thoughts on making further donations to the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Sightsavers-_deworming_program lists unfuded opportunities of sizes $5.4 million (Chad), $1.3 million (Senegal), and $300,000 (Nigeria). For the first two, GiveWell plans to discuss more with Sightsavers and possibly recommend grants in the future.

Donor retrospective of the donation: A followup grant from the GiveWell Maximum Impact Fund for the program in Chad in 2021 (see https://www.givewell.org/maximum-impact-fund/allocation-q1-2021 for details) suggests continued satisfaction with the grantee. Sightsavers' deworming program would continue to remain a GiveWell top charity in 2021.

Other notes: See https://www.givewell.org/charities/sightsavers/November-2020-version for GiveWell's review of Sightsavers at the time of the grant recommendation. Affected countries: Nigeria|Cameroon|Demoocratic Republic of the Congo.
Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition50,000.006802021-02Global health/nutrition/iodinehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-health-and-development/miscellaneous/global-alliance-improved-nutrition-universal-salt-iodization-january-2021GiveWell Donation process: The grant is based on GiveWell's recommendation. GiveWell made the recommendations as part of its end-of-year recommendations to Open Philanthropy, along with allocations to other GiveWell top and standout charities. The total budget of $100 million is set by Open Philanthropy, but GiveWell decided to allocate only $70 million in end-of-year grantmaking and defers the remaining $30 million to early 2021. GiveWell explains the process in detail at https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation (published February 2021).

Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant to "support the Universal Salt Iodization program."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: At the time of the grant, Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition's Universal Salt Iodization Program was a GiveWell standout charity, per https://www.givewell.org/charities/other-charities/November-2020-version and https://www.givewell.org/charities/other-charities/November-2020-version and https://www.givewell.org/charities/GAIN-May-2017-version (May 2017 review). It therefore qualified for the $50,000 end-of-year incentive grant recommendation that all GiveWell standout charities received.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount of $50,000 is the amount of the incentive grant chosen for standout charities in 2020. https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Size_of_incentive_grants explains the reason for chosing the amount: "We also reduced our incentive grant recommendations for standout charities [from $100,000] to $50,000. Once a standout charity has been added to our list, we ask it to have one conversation with us each year and to review the notes we write to summarize what we learned from that conversation. We believe a smaller grant of $50,000 is appropriate for the time commitment this requires from standout charities."
Percentage of total donor spend in the corresponding batch of donations: 0.07%

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Part of GiveWell's end-of-year recommendations for Open Philanthropy, so the timing is determined by the timing of end-of-year recommendations (which is usually the week after Thanksgiving in the United States). The grant is made by Open Philanthropy shortly after the recommendations.

Donor retrospective of the donation: https://blog.givewell.org/2021/10/05/discontinuing-standout-charity-designation/ (November 2021) announces discontinuation of the standout charity designation, and says: "We’ve recommended that Open Philanthropy make a $100,000 exit grant to each standout charity on our list."
Georgetown University Initiative on Innovation, Development, and Evaluation50,000.006802021-02--https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-health-and-development/miscellaneous/gui2de-zusha-road-safety-campaign-december-2020GiveWell Donation process: The grant is based on GiveWell's recommendation. GiveWell made the recommendations as part of its end-of-year recommendations to Open Philanthropy, along with allocations to other GiveWell top and standout charities. The total budget of $100 million is set by Open Philanthropy, but GiveWell decided to allocate only $70 million in end-of-year grantmaking and defers the remaining $30 million to early 2021. GiveWell explains the process in detail at https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation (published February 2021).

Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant to "support the Zusha! Road Safety Campaign."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: At the time of the grant, Georgetown University Initiative on Innovation, Development, and Evaluation's Zusha! Road Safety Campaign was a GiveWell standout charity, per https://www.givewell.org/charities/other-charities/November-2020-version and https://www.givewell.org/charities/zusha-road-safety-campaign-June-2018-version (June 2018 review). It therefore qualified for the $50,000 end-of-year incentive grant recommendation that all GiveWell standout charities received.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount of $50,000 is the amount of the incentive grant chosen for standout charities in 2020. https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Size_of_incentive_grants explains the reason for chosing the amount: "We also reduced our incentive grant recommendations for standout charities [from $100,000] to $50,000. Once a standout charity has been added to our list, we ask it to have one conversation with us each year and to review the notes we write to summarize what we learned from that conversation. We believe a smaller grant of $50,000 is appropriate for the time commitment this requires from standout charities."
Percentage of total donor spend in the corresponding batch of donations: 0.07%

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Part of GiveWell's end-of-year recommendations for Open Philanthropy, so the timing is determined by the timing of end-of-year recommendations (which is usually the week after Thanksgiving in the United States). The grant is made by Open Philanthropy shortly after the recommendations.

Donor retrospective of the donation: https://blog.givewell.org/2021/10/05/discontinuing-standout-charity-designation/ (November 2021) announces discontinuation of the standout charity designation, and says: "We’ve recommended that Open Philanthropy make a $100,000 exit grant to each standout charity on our list."
Changing Markets Foundation500,000.002812021-02Animal welfare/factory farming/fishhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/changing-markets-foundation-fish-welfareAmanda Hungerford Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support work on global investor engagement and on retailer and investor fish welfare campaigns in Spain, France, Austria, and Switzerland."

Other notes: Affected countries: Spain|France|Austria|Switzerland.
Crustacean Compassion786,830.002152021-02Animal welfare/factory farming/crustacean/decapod crustaceanhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/crustacean-compassion-general-supportLewis Bollard Amanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: Grant "intended to support work to advance UK welfare reforms for decapod crustaceans, approximately 420 million of which are caught by UK vessels every year."

Other notes: Currency info: donation given as 575,000.00 GBP (conversion done via donor calculation); intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: United Kingdom.
Crate-Free Illinois70,350.006562021-02Animal welfare/factory farming/pig/cage-freehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/crate-free-illinois-campaigning-against-gestation-crates-2021Lewis Bollard Amanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support campaigning against the use of gestation crates for pigs. There are approximately 6 million sows in the United States, at least three-quarters of which are routinely confined in gestation crates."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page hints at scale being a factor: "There are approximately 6 million sows in the United States, at least three-quarters of which are routinely confined in gestation crates."

Other notes: Affected countries: United States.
University of California, Berkeley (Earmark: Dawn Song)330,000.003892021-02AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-songCatherine Olsson Daniel Dewey Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support research by Professor Dawn Song on adversarial robustness as a means to improve AI safety."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: This is one of five grants made by the donor for "adversarial robustness research" in January and February 2021, all with the same grant investigators (Catherine Olsson and Daniel Dewey) except the Santa Cruz grant that had Olsson and Nick Beckstead. https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-santa-cruz-xie-adversarial-robustness https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/mit-adversarial-robustness-research https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-tuebingen-adversarial-robustness-hein and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-wagner are the foour other grants.It looks like the donor became interested in funding this research topic at this time.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): No explicit reasons for the amount are given, but the amount is similar to the amounts for other grants from Open Philanthropy to early-stage researchers in adversarial robustness research. This includes three other grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-santa-cruz-xie-adversarial-robustness https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-wagner and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-tuebingen-adversarial-robustness-hein made at the same time as well as grants later in the year to early-stage researchers at Carnegie Mellon University, Stanford University, and University of Southern California.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): This is one of five grants made by the donor for "adversarial robustness research" in Januaay and February 2021, all with the same grant investigators (Catherine Olsson and Daniel Dewey) except the Santa Cruz grant that had Olsson and Nick Beckstead. https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-santa-cruz-xie-adversarial-robustness https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/mit-adversarial-robustness-research https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-tuebingen-adversarial-robustness-hein and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-wagner are the four other grants. It looks like the donor became interested in funding this research topic at this time.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 36
University of California, Berkeley (Earmark: David Wagner)330,000.003892021-02AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-wagnerCatherine Olsson Daniel Dewey Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support research by Professor David Wagner on adversarial robustness as a means to improve AI safety."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: This is one of five grants made by the donor for "adversarial robustness research" in January and February 2021, all with the same grant investigators (Catherine Olsson and Daniel Dewey) except the Santa Cruz grant that had Olsson and Nick Beckstead. https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-santa-cruz-xie-adversarial-robustness https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/mit-adversarial-robustness-research https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-tuebingen-adversarial-robustness-hein and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-song are the four other grants. It looks like the donor became interested in funding this research topic at this time.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): No explicit reasons for the amount are given, but the amount is similar to the amounts for other grants from Open Philanthropy to early-stage researchers in adversarial robustness research. This includes three other grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-santa-cruz-xie-adversarial-robustness https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-tuebingen-adversarial-robustness-hein and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-song made at the same time as well as grants later in the year to early-stage researchers at Carnegie Mellon University, Stanford University, and University of Southern California.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): This is one of five grants made by the donor for "adversarial robustness research" in January and February 2021, all with the same grant investigators (Catherine Olsson and Daniel Dewey) except the Santa Cruz grant that had Olsson and Nick Beckstead. https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-santa-cruz-xie-adversarial-robustness https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/mit-adversarial-robustness-research https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-tuebingen-adversarial-robustness-hein and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-song are the four other grants. It looks like the donor became interested in funding this research topic at this time.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 36
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Earmark: Aleksander Madry)1,430,000.001372021-02AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/mit-adversarial-robustness-researchCatherine Olsson Daniel Dewey Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support research by Professor Aleksandr Madry on adversarial robustness as a means to improve AI safety."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: This is one of five grants made by the donor for "adversarial robustness research" in January and February 2021, all with the same grant investigators (Catherine Olsson and Daniel Dewey) except the Santa Cruz grant that had Olsson and Nick Beckstead. https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-santa-cruz-xie-adversarial-robustness https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-tuebingen-adversarial-robustness-hein https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-wagner and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-song are the four other grants. It looks like the donor became interested in funding this research topic at this time.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): This is one of five grants made by the donor for "adversarial robustness research" in January and February 2021, all with the same grant investigators (Catherine Olsson and Daniel Dewey) except the Santa Cruz grant that had Olsson and Nick Beckstead. https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-santa-cruz-xie-adversarial-robustness https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-tuebingen-adversarial-robustness-hein https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-wagner and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-song are the four other grants. It looks like the donor became interested in funding this research topic at this time.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 36
Berryville Institute of Machine Learning (Earmark: Gary McGraw)150,000.005292021-01AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/berryville-institute-of-machine-learningCatherine Olsson Daniel Dewey Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "[the grant is] to support research led by Gary McGraw on machine learning security. The research will focus on building a taxonomy of known attacks on machine learning, exploring a hypothesis of representation and machine learning risk, and performing an architectural risk analysis of machine learning systems."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "Our potential risks from advanced artificial intelligence team hopes that the research will help advance the field of machine learning security."
University of California, Santa Cruz (Earmark: Cihang Xie)265,000.004332021-01AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-santa-cruz-xie-adversarial-robustnessCatherine Olsson Nick Beckstead Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says the grant is "to support early-career research by Cihang Xie on adversarial robustness as a means to improve AI safety."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: This is one of five grants made by the donor for "adversarial robustness research" in January and February 2021, all with the same grant investigators (Catherine Olsson and Daniel Dewey) except the Santa Cruz grant that had Olsson and Nick Beckstead. https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-tuebingen-adversarial-robustness-hein https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/mit-adversarial-robustness-research https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-wagner and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-song are the four other grants. It looks like the donor became interested in funding this research topic at this time.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): No explicit reasons for the amount are given, but the amount is similar to the amounts for other grants from Open Philanthropy to early-stage researchers in adversarial robustness research. This includes three other grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-tuebingen-adversarial-robustness-hein https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-wagner and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-song made at the same time as well as grants later in the year to early-stage researchers at Carnegie Mellon University, Stanford University, and University of Southern California.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): This is one of five grants made by the donor for "adversarial robustness research" in January and February 2021, all with the same grant investigators (Catherine Olsson and Daniel Dewey) except the Santa Cruz grant that had Olsson and Nick Beckstead. https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-tuebingen-adversarial-robustness-hein https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/mit-adversarial-robustness-research https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-wagner and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-adversarial-robustness-song are the four other grants. It looks like the donor became interested in funding this research topic at this time.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 36
New Incentives16,785,244.00112021-01Cash transfers/conditional cash transfershttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-health-and-development/miscellaneous/new-incentives-general-support-2021GiveWell Donation process: The grant is based on GiveWell's recommendation. GiveWell made the recommendations as part of its end-of-year recommendations to Open Philanthropy, along with allocations to other GiveWell top and standout charities. The total budget of $100 million is set by Open Philanthropy, but GiveWell decided to allocate only $70 million in end-of-year grantmaking and defers the remaining $30 million to early 2021. GiveWell explains the process in detail at https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation (published February 2021).

Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#New_Incentives says the amount will allow New Incentives to: "(1) Scale as fast as it believes it can in 2021 ($5.6 million needed in total; New Incentives has $1.2 million remaining from previous grants that it can use). (2) Maintain the scale it projects it will achieve at the end of 2021 in 2022 and 2023 ($12.4 million)."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Our_recommended_allocation_to_Open_Philanthropy describes the overall thinking behind the grant. This grant is listed under "fully-vetted opportunities for 2021-2022 that are more than 10x cash" and in particular this grant is listed as 11x cash.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#New_Incentives gives the breakdown of the amount funded. It also says about donating more: "We decided to wait until 2021 to make this decision so that we could observe how its initial scale-up proceeds."
Percentage of total donor spend in the corresponding batch of donations: 23.98%

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Part of GiveWell's end-of-year recommendations for Open Philanthropy, so the timing is determined by the timing of end-of-year recommendations (which is usually the week after Thanksgiving in the United States). The grant is made by Open Philanthropy shortly after the recommendations.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 36

Donor thoughts on making further donations to the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#New_Incentives says: "Before the end of 2021, we expect to decide whether to recommend additional funding that would enable New Incentives to scale up to new clinics in 2022. We decided to wait until 2021 to make this decision so that we could observe how its initial scale-up proceeds."

Donor retrospective of the donation: A followup grant in August 2021 from the GiveWell Maximum Impact Fund at the recommendation of GiveWell suggests continued satisfaction with the grantee.

Other notes: Affected countries: Nigeria.
GiveDirectly500,000.002812021-01Cash transfers/unconditional cash transfershttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-health-and-development/miscellaneous/givedirectly-general-support-2021GiveWell Donation process: The grant is based on GiveWell's recommendation. GiveWell made the recommendations as part of its end-of-year recommendations to Open Philanthropy, along with allocations to other GiveWell top and standout charities. The total budget of $100 million is set by Open Philanthropy, but GiveWell decided to allocate only $70 million in end-of-year grantmaking and defers the remaining $30 million to early 2021. GiveWell explains the process in detail at https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation (published February 2021).

Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Donor reason for selecting the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Our_recommended_allocation_to_Open_Philanthropy describes the grant as an incentive grant since the grantee is a GiveWell top charity.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The size of the grant is chosen as the standard size of the incentive grant of $500,000. https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Size_of_incentive_grants explains the reason for reducing the incentive grant size from $2.5 million to $500,000: "We considered the cases where an organization is on our top charity list, but due to relatively lower cost-effectiveness, we are not prioritizing its funding needs most highly—i.e. we don't expect to grant donations from the Maximum Impact Fund to it or recommend that Open Philanthropy make a grant to it beyond the incentive grant. In those cases, we felt that the amount of time we asked from the organization's staff to engage with us was not commensurate with the $2.5 million grants we had been making. We considered other grants we've made and our perception of norms in international development and decided to change the standard amount of these grants to $500,000 for top charities."
Percentage of total donor spend in the corresponding batch of donations: 0.71%

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Part of GiveWell's end-of-year recommendations for Open Philanthropy, so the timing is determined by the timing of end-of-year recommendations (which is usually the week after Thanksgiving in the United States). The grant is made by Open Philanthropy shortly after the recommendations.

Donor thoughts on making further donations to the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#END_Fund-s_deworming_program says: "GiveDirectly is significantly less cost-effective (1x cash) than the other funding gaps recommended here." It is likely that GiveDirectly will only receive the annual incentive grant from Open Philanthropy and nothing more.

Donor retrospective of the donation: GiveDirectly would continue to remain a GiveWell top charity in 2021.

Other notes: See https://www.givewell.org/charities/give-directly/November-2020-version for GiveWell's review of GiveDirectly at the time of the grant recommendation.
People for Animals Uttarakhand85,000.006372021-01Animal welfare/factory farminghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/people-for-animals-uttarakhand-farm-animal-welfareLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support a movement-building fellowship for farm animal welfare advocates in India. The 10-month fellowship, run by People for Animals Uttarakhand and Humane Society International India, will train fellows and place them in animal welfare internships."

Other notes: Grant made via the Karuna Foundation. Intended funding timeframe in months: 10; affected countries: India.
Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology237,043.004662021-01Animal welfare/factory farming/fish/sea bass/sea bream/researchhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/irta-fish-welfare-standardsLewis Bollard Amanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support the development of welfare certification standards for sea bass and sea bream farms in Spain. The standards will be adopted by Welfair(TM), Spain’s largest farm animal welfare certifier."

Other notes: Currency info: donation given as 193,000.00 EUR (conversion done via donor calculation); intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: Spain.
Mount Kenya University (Earmark: Maina Ngotho)167,766.005182021-01Animal welfare/factory farming/movement growth/talent pipelinehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/mount-kenya-universityLewis Bollard Amanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says the grant is "to support the implementation of a masters degree program in farm animal welfare science, led by Professor Maina Ngotho. [...] This funding is intended to cover costs related to course resources and student research projects.

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "Our farm animal welfare team believes that the program will help develop farm animal welfare expertise and capacity in Kenya and across Africa." Open Philanthropy has previously made grants to support a talent pipeline, but past grants were to UK universities to support masters students in existing programs; this grant supports the creation of a new program.

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: Kenya.
Positive Money Europe73,368.006552021-01Macroeconomic stabilization policyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/macroeconomic-policy/positive-money-europeAlexander Berger Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support research and advocacy on macroeconomic policy in the Eurozone."

Other notes: Currency info: donation given as 60,000.00 EUR; affected countries: Europe.
Center for Security and Emerging Technology8,000,000.00232021-01AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-security-and-emerging-technology-general-supportLuke Muehlhauser Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says "This funding is intended to augment our original support for CSET, particularly for its work on the intersection of security and artificial intelligence."

Donor retrospective of the donation: The followup grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-security-and-emerging-technology-general-support-august-2021 for a much larger amount suggests continued satisfaction with the grantee.
Center for Human-Compatible AI11,355,246.00152021-01AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-center-human-compatible-ai-2021Nick Beckstead Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: The grant page says "The multi-year commitment and increased funding will enable CHAI to expand its research and student training related to potential risks from advanced artificial intelligence."

Other notes: This is a renewal of the original founding grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/uc-berkeley-center-human-compatible-ai made August 2016. Intended funding timeframe in months: 60.
The Humane League UK507,900.002802020-12Animal welfare/factory farming/chickenhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/the-humane-league-uk-general-supportAmanda Hungerford Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "THL-UK has secured a number of broiler welfare and cage-free commitments from major UK and international restaurant chains and food service companies. This funding is intended to enable THL-UK to fill positions focused on European and global corporate welfare campaigns."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "THL-UK has secured a number of broiler welfare and cage-free commitments from major UK and international restaurant chains and food service companies." The grant page also links to past support https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/humane-league-broiler-welfare-campaigns to The Humane League (not the UK branch).
University of Toronto (Earmark: Chris Maddison)520,000.002732020-12AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/university-of-toronto-machine-learning-researchDaniel Dewey Catherine Olsson Donation process: The researcher (Chris Maddison) whose students' work is to be funded with htis grant had previously been an Open Phil AI Fellow while pursuing his DPhil in 2018. The past connection and subsequent academic progress of the researcher (now an assistant professor) may have been factors, but the grant page has no details on the decision process.

Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "[the grant is] to support research on understanding, predicting, and controlling machine learning systems, led by Professor Chris Maddison, a former Open Phil AI Fellow. This funding is intended to enable three students and a postdoctoral researcher to work with Professor Maddison on the research."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The researcher (Chris Maddison) whose students' work is to be funded with htis grant had previously been an Open Phil AI Fellow while pursuing his DPhil in 2018. The past connection and subsequent academic progress of the researcher (now an assistant professor) may have been factors, but the grant page has no details on the decision process.

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 48.
Malaria Consortium27,076,756.0062020-12Global health/malaria/seasonal malaria chemopreventionhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-health-and-development/miscellaneous/malaria-consortium-seasonal-malaria-chemoprevention-december-2020GiveWell Donation process: The grant is based on GiveWell's recommendation. GiveWell made the recommendations as part of its end-of-year recommendations to Open Philanthropy, along with allocations to other GiveWell top and standout charities. The total budget of $100 million is set by Open Philanthropy, but GiveWell decided to allocate only $70 million in end-of-year grantmaking and defers the remaining $30 million to early 2021. GiveWell explains the process in detail at https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation (published February 2021).

Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Malaria_Consortium-s_seasonal_malaria_chemoprevention_program breaks down the programs funded by this money plus $3.8 million from the GiveWell Maximum Impact Fund: (1) "Extend its funding runway for its current programs in Burkina Faso, Chad, Nigeria, and Togo through 2022 ($20.8 million) at the scale Malaria Consortium expects to achieve in 2021." (2) "Expand to newly-eligible states or local government areas (LGAs) in Nigeria in 2022 and maintain work in those new areas in 2023 ($7.8 million). We estimate that the cost-effectiveness of SMC in Nigeria is 14x cash." (3) "Put $2.2 million toward continuing its work in 2023."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Our_recommended_allocation_to_Open_Philanthropy describes the overall thinking behind the grant. Malaria Consoortium gets a grant because it is a GiveWell top charity, and additionoally gets a lot of additional money as the best opportunity (with $24.1 million of the funding at 14x cash) among the top charities.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Malaria_Consortium-s_seasonal_malaria_chemoprevention_program breaks down the programs funded by this money plus $3.8 million from the GiveWell Maximum Impact Fund, It also lists several other unfunded opportunities that are not being filled at this time.
Percentage of total donor spend in the corresponding batch of donations: 38.68%

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Part of GiveWell's end-of-year recommendations for Open Philanthropy, so the timing is determined by the timing of end-of-year recommendations (which is usually the week after Thanksgiving in the United States). The grant is made by Open Philanthropy shortly after the recommendations.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 36

Donor thoughts on making further donations to the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Malaria_Consortium-s_seasonal_malaria_chemoprevention_program lists some funding opportunities that are not being filled at this time because they are not sufficiently cost-effective and/or time-sensitive. SOme of them may be funded in the future.

Donor retrospective of the donation: Followup grants from the GiveWell Maximum Impact Fund to Malaria Consortium in 2021 at GiveWell's recommendation suggest continued satisfaction with the grantee.

Other notes: See https://www.givewell.org/charities/malaria-consortium/November-2020-version for GiveWell's review of Malaria Consortium at the time of the grant recommendation. Affected countries: Burkina Faso|Chad|Nigeria|Togo.
Helen Keller International8,059,000.00222020-12Global health/nutrition/Vitamin A supplementationhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-health-and-development/miscellaneous/helen-keller-international-vitamin-a-supplementation-december-2020GiveWell Donation process: The grant is based on GiveWell's recommendation. GiveWell made the recommendations as part of its end-of-year recommendations to Open Philanthropy, along with allocations to other GiveWell top and standout charities. The total budget of $100 million is set by Open Philanthropy, but GiveWell decided to allocate only $70 million in end-of-year grantmaking and defers the remaining $30 million to early 2021. GiveWell explains the process in detail at https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation (published February 2021).

Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Helen_Keller_International-s_vitamin_A_supplementation_program says the grant is to (1) "Extend its funding runway for its current programs through 2023 ($5.4 million). We estimate that the cost-effectiveness of these programs is 15-50x cash." (2) "Expand to Benue State, Nigeria ($2.6 million for 2021-2023). We estimate that the cost-effectiveness of VAS in Nigeria is 25x cash."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Our_recommended_allocation_to_Open_Philanthropy describes the overall thinking behind the grant. This grant is listed under "fully-vetted opportunities for 2021-2022 that are more than 10x cash" and in particular this grant is listed as over 15x cash.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Helen_Keller_International-s_vitamin_A_supplementation_program gives the expected breakdown in spending of the grant. It also lists various funding gaps that it chose not to fill, including expansion to Cameroon, expansion to Kenya, and expansion to one more Nigerian state. Although these opportunities are also estimated to be 10x or more cash, GiveWell does not recommend any of them since they are not time-sensitive and other funders might fill some of these gaps.
Percentage of total donor spend in the corresponding batch of donations: 11.51%

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Part of GiveWell's end-of-year recommendations for Open Philanthropy, so the timing is determined by the timing of end-of-year recommendations (which is usually the week after Thanksgiving in the United States). The grant is made by Open Philanthropy shortly after the recommendations.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 36

Donor thoughts on making further donations to the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Helen_Keller_International-s_vitamin_A_supplementation_program lists some other funding gaps of HKI that are not yet being funded, despite being over 10x cash. Some of these might be recommendd in the future.

Donor retrospective of the donation: The HKI Vitamin A supplementation program would continue to be recommended by GiveWell in 2021 and get GiveWell Maximum Impact Fund money in 2021 at GiveWell's recommendation, suggesting continued satisfaction with the grantee.

Other notes: See https://www.givewell.org/charities/helen-keller-international/November-2020-version for GiveWell's review of Helen Keller International at the time of the grant recommendation.
Against Malaria Foundation6,651,000.00252020-12Global health/malaria/bednetshttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-health-and-development/miscellaneous/against-malaria-foundation-general-support-2020GiveWell Donation process: The grant is based on GiveWell's recommendation. GiveWell made the recommendations as part of its end-of-year recommendations to Open Philanthropy, along with allocations to other GiveWell top and standout charities. The total budget of $100 million is set by Open Philanthropy, but GiveWell decided to allocate only $70 million in end-of-year grantmaking and defers the remaining $30 million to early 2021. GiveWell explains the process in detail at https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation (published February 2021).

Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Against_Malaria_Foundation says: "This is the amount that we estimate will allow AMF to fund all the campaigns it is considering implementing that require commitments before August 2021. [...] We expect that AMF will use this funding for campaigns in DRC (15x cash) and/or Guinea (14x cash) in 2022."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Our_recommended_allocation_to_Open_Philanthropy describes the overall thinking behind the grant. This grant is listed under "fully-vetted opportunities for 2021-2022 that are more than 10x cash" and in particular this grant is listed as 14x cash.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Against_Malaria_Foundation says: "This is the amount that we estimate will allow AMF to fund all the campaigns it is considering implementing that require commitments before August 2021. It is possible that this is an underestimate, as we are assuming AMF will continue to receive a relatively high amount of revenue from individual donors, based on recent trends. This risk is mitigated by the fact that we will have the opportunity to check whether this assumption has held up when we revisit AMF's room for more funding in January 2021."
Percentage of total donor spend in the corresponding batch of donations: 9.50%

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Part of GiveWell's end-of-year recommendations for Open Philanthropy, so the timing is determined by the timing of end-of-year recommendations (which is usually the week after Thanksgiving in the United States). The grant is made by Open Philanthropy shortly after the recommendations.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 24

Donor thoughts on making further donations to the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Against_Malaria_Foundation says: "Funding gaps that AMF told us about that we are not recommending filling at this time include those for distributions that will occur in 2023 (totaling $37.8 million). We are not recommending funding these gaps at this time because (a) we want to review recently-available monitoring results from AMF's recent distributions in DRC before committing additional funding to distributions there, and (b) these gaps are less time-sensitive (we expect that AMF will need to commit funding to these distributions in the latter half of 2021 to avoid delaying them). We expect to revisit AMF's room for more funding as part of our January 2021 recommendation to Open Philanthropy."

Donor retrospective of the donation: Against Malaria Foundation would continue to be a GiveWell top charity in 2021 as well as receive grants from the GiveWell Maximum Impact Fund at GiveWell's recommendation in 2021, suggesting contined satisfaction with the grantee.

Other notes: See https://www.givewell.org/charities/amf/November-2020-Version for GiveWell's review of Against Malaria Foundation at the time of the grant recommendation. Affected countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo|Guinea.
Deworm the World Initiative4,103,000.00402020-12Global health/deworminghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-health-and-development/evidence-action-deworm-the-world-initiativeGiveWell Donation process: The grant is based on GiveWell's recommendation. GiveWell made the recommendations as part of its end-of-year recommendations to Open Philanthropy, along with allocations to other GiveWell top and standout charities. The total budget of $100 million is set by Open Philanthropy, but GiveWell decided to allocate only $70 million in end-of-year grantmaking and defers the remaining $30 million to early 2021. GiveWell explains the process in detail at https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation (published February 2021).

Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Evidence_Action-s_Deworm_the_World_Initiative lists these intended uses: (1) "Extend its funding runway for its programs in Kenya ($1.9 million, 32x cash) and in three states in Nigeria ($1.9 million, 13-16x cash) through 2023. (2)Conduct scoping work in Ghana and Indonesia and do a prevalence survey in Ghana ($300,000)."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Our_recommended_allocation_to_Open_Philanthropy lists $3.8 million of the $4.1 million in this grant as being under "The most cost-effective opportunities we know of for 2023" and estimates it as 13-30+ as good as cash.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Evidence_Action-s_Deworm_the_World_Initiative describes the programs funded by this grant, whose cost totals to the grant amount. It also notes another funding gap that it estimates at 5x cash that is being left unfunded: "Extending its funding runway through 2023 for its programs in Pakistan and Lagos State, Nigeria."
Percentage of total donor spend in the corresponding batch of donations: 5.86%

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Part of GiveWell's end-of-year recommendations for Open Philanthropy, so the timing is determined by the timing of end-of-year recommendations (which is usually the week after Thanksgiving in the United States). The grant is made by Open Philanthropy shortly after the recommendations.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 36

Donor thoughts on making further donations to the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Evidence_Action-s_Deworm_the_World_Initiative says: "Funding gaps that Deworm the World told us about that we are not recommending filling at this time: Extending its funding runway through 2023 for its programs in Pakistan and Lagos State, Nigeria. [...] We plan to discuss the future of these programs with Deworm the World, including getting further feedback on our worm burden update."

Donor retrospective of the donation: Deworm the World Initiative continues to remain a GiveWell top charity in 2021.

Other notes: See https://www.givewell.org/charities/deworm-world-initiative/November-2020-version for GiveWell's review of Deworm the World Initiative at the time of the grant recommendation. Affected countries: Kenya|Nigeria|Ghana|Indonesia.
The END Fund500,000.002812020-12Global health/deworminghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-health-and-development/miscellaneous/end-fund-general-support-2020GiveWell Donation process: The grant is based on GiveWell's recommendation. GiveWell made the recommendations as part of its end-of-year recommendations to Open Philanthropy, along with allocations to other GiveWell top and standout charities. The total budget of $100 million is set by Open Philanthropy, but GiveWell decided to allocate only $70 million in end-of-year grantmaking and defers the remaining $30 million to early 2021. GiveWell explains the process in detail at https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation (published February 2021).

Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant to support The END Fund's deworming programs.

Donor reason for selecting the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Our_recommended_allocation_to_Open_Philanthropy describes the grant as an incentive grant since the grantee is a GiveWell top charity.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The size of the grant is chosen as the standard size of the incentive grant of $500,000. https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Size_of_incentive_grants explains the reason for reducing the incentive grant size from $2.5 million to $500,000: "We considered the cases where an organization is on our top charity list, but due to relatively lower cost-effectiveness, we are not prioritizing its funding needs most highly—i.e. we don't expect to grant donations from the Maximum Impact Fund to it or recommend that Open Philanthropy make a grant to it beyond the incentive grant. In those cases, we felt that the amount of time we asked from the organization's staff to engage with us was not commensurate with the $2.5 million grants we had been making. We considered other grants we've made and our perception of norms in international development and decided to change the standard amount of these grants to $500,000 for top charities."
Percentage of total donor spend in the corresponding batch of donations: 0.71%

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Part of GiveWell's end-of-year recommendations for Open Philanthropy, so the timing is determined by the timing of end-of-year recommendations (which is usually the week after Thanksgiving in the United States). The grant is made by Open Philanthropy shortly after the recommendations.

Donor thoughts on making further donations to the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#END_Fund-s_deworming_program says: "We completed a project in October that changed the worm burden adjustment in our cost-effectiveness analysis and increased our estimate of the END Fund's cost-effectiveness from 5x cash to 11x cash. We have lower confidence in this estimate than we do for our other deworming top charities. Based on past experience with cost-effectiveness estimates that we have low confidence in, we expect this estimate to go down as we continue to work on it. We had previously deprioritized work on improving this estimate, due to both the low cost-effectiveness of the program and challenges in understanding what the END Fund was funding with marginal GiveWell-directed dollars. Given the recent increase in our estimate of the END Fund's cost-effectiveness, we plan to consider whether to increase our time investment in understanding the END Fund's cost-effectiveness."

Donor retrospective of the donation: The END Fund would continue to be a GiveWell top charity in 2021.

Other notes: See https://www.givewell.org/charities/end-fund/November-2020-version for GiveWell's review of The END Fund at the time of the grant recommendation.
Development Media International50,000.006802020-12Global healthhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-health-and-development/miscellaneous/development-media-international-general-support-december-2020GiveWell Donation process: The grant is based on GiveWell's recommendation. GiveWell made the recommendations as part of its end-of-year recommendations to Open Philanthropy, along with allocations to other GiveWell top and standout charities. The total budget of $100 million is set by Open Philanthropy, but GiveWell decided to allocate only $70 million in end-of-year grantmaking and defers the remaining $30 million to early 2021. GiveWell explains the process in detail at https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation (published February 2021).

Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Donor reason for selecting the donee: At the time of the grant, Development Media International was a GiveWell standout chraity, per https://www.givewell.org/charities/other-charities/November-2020-version and https://www.givewell.org/charities/DMI-July-2021-Version (July 2021 review). It therefore qualified for the $50,000 end-of-year incentive grant recommendation that all GiveWell standout charities received.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount of $50,000 is the amount of the incentive grant chosen for standout charities in 2020. https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Size_of_incentive_grants explains the reason for chosing the amount: "We also reduced our incentive grant recommendations for standout charities [from $100,000] to $50,000. Once a standout charity has been added to our list, we ask it to have one conversation with us each year and to review the notes we write to summarize what we learned from that conversation. We believe a smaller grant of $50,000 is appropriate for the time commitment this requires from standout charities."
Percentage of total donor spend in the corresponding batch of donations: 0.07%

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Part of GiveWell's end-of-year recommendations for Open Philanthropy, so the timing is determined by the timing of end-of-year recommendations (which is usually the week after Thanksgiving in the United States). The grant is made by Open Philanthropy shortly after the recommendations.

Donor retrospective of the donation: https://blog.givewell.org/2021/10/05/discontinuing-standout-charity-designation/ (November 2021) announces discontinuation of the standout charity designation, and says: "We’ve recommended that Open Philanthropy make a $100,000 exit grant to each standout charity on our list."
Dispensers for Safe Water50,000.006802020-12Global healthhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-health-and-development/miscellaneous/development-media-international-general-support-december-2020GiveWell Donation process: The grant is based on GiveWell's recommendation. GiveWell made the recommendations as part of its end-of-year recommendations to Open Philanthropy, along with allocations to other GiveWell top and standout charities. The total budget of $100 million is set by Open Philanthropy, but GiveWell decided to allocate only $70 million in end-of-year grantmaking and defers the remaining $30 million to early 2021. GiveWell explains the process in detail at https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation (published February 2021).

Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Donor reason for selecting the donee: At the time of the grant, Dispensers for Safe Water was a GiveWell standout charity, per https://www.givewell.org/charities/other-charities/November-2020-version and https://www.givewell.org/charities/dispensers-for-safe-water-December-2018-version (December 2018 review). It therefore qualified for the $50,000 end-of-year incentive grant recommendation that all GiveWell standout charities received.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount of $50,000 is the amount of the incentive grant chosen for standout charities in 2020. https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Size_of_incentive_grants explains the reason for chosing the amount: "We also reduced our incentive grant recommendations for standout charities [from $100,000] to $50,000. Once a standout charity has been added to our list, we ask it to have one conversation with us each year and to review the notes we write to summarize what we learned from that conversation. We believe a smaller grant of $50,000 is appropriate for the time commitment this requires from standout charities."
Percentage of total donor spend in the corresponding batch of donations: 0.07%

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Part of GiveWell's end-of-year recommendations for Open Philanthropy, so the timing is determined by the timing of end-of-year recommendations (which is usually the week after Thanksgiving in the United States). The grant is made by Open Philanthropy shortly after the recommendations.

Donor retrospective of the donation: https://blog.givewell.org/2021/10/05/discontinuing-standout-charity-designation/ (November 2021) announces discontinuation of the standout charity designation, and says: "We’ve recommended that Open Philanthropy make a $100,000 exit grant to each standout charity on our list."
Food Fortification Initiative50,000.006802020-12Global health/nutritionhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-health-and-development/miscellaneous/food-fortification-initiative-general-support-2020GiveWell Donation process: The grant is based on GiveWell's recommendation. GiveWell made the recommendations as part of its end-of-year recommendations to Open Philanthropy, along with allocations to other GiveWell top and standout charities. The total budget of $100 million is set by Open Philanthropy, but GiveWell decided to allocate only $70 million in end-of-year grantmaking and defers the remaining $30 million to early 2021. GiveWell explains the process in detail at https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation (published February 2021).

Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Donor reason for selecting the donee: At the time of the grant, Food Fortification Initiative was a GiveWell standout charity, per https://www.givewell.org/charities/other-charities/November-2020-version and https://www.givewell.org/charities/food-fortification-initiative-March-2017-version (March 2017 review). It therefore qualified for the $50,000 end-of-year incentive grant recommendation that all GiveWell standout charities received.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount of $50,000 is the amount of the incentive grant chosen for standout charities in 2020. https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Size_of_incentive_grants explains the reason for chosing the amount: "We also reduced our incentive grant recommendations for standout charities [from $100,000] to $50,000. Once a standout charity has been added to our list, we ask it to have one conversation with us each year and to review the notes we write to summarize what we learned from that conversation. We believe a smaller grant of $50,000 is appropriate for the time commitment this requires from standout charities."
Percentage of total donor spend in the corresponding batch of donations: 0.07%

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Part of GiveWell's end-of-year recommendations for Open Philanthropy, so the timing is determined by the timing of end-of-year recommendations (which is usually the week after Thanksgiving in the United States). The grant is made by Open Philanthropy shortly after the recommendations.

Donor retrospective of the donation: https://blog.givewell.org/2021/10/05/discontinuing-standout-charity-designation/ (November 2021) announces discontinuation of the standout charity designation, and says: "We’ve recommended that Open Philanthropy make a $100,000 exit grant to each standout charity on our list."
Iodine Global Network50,000.006802020-12Global health/nutrition/iodinehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-health-and-development/miscellaneous/iodine-global-network-general-support-december-2020GiveWell Donation process: The grant is based on GiveWell's recommendation. GiveWell made the recommendations as part of its end-of-year recommendations to Open Philanthropy, along with allocations to other GiveWell top and standout charities. The total budget of $100 million is set by Open Philanthropy, but GiveWell decided to allocate only $70 million in end-of-year grantmaking and defers the remaining $30 million to early 2021. GiveWell explains the process in detail at https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation (published February 2021).

Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Donor reason for selecting the donee: At the time of the grant, Iodine Global Network was a GiveWell standout charity, per https://www.givewell.org/charities/other-charities/November-2020-version and https://www.givewell.org/charities/IGN-December-2014-version (December 2014 review). It therefore qualified for the $50,000 end-of-year incentive grant recommendation that all GiveWell standout charities received.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount of $50,000 is the amount of the incentive grant chosen for standout charities in 2020. https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Size_of_incentive_grants explains the reason for chosing the amount: "We also reduced our incentive grant recommendations for standout charities [from $100,000] to $50,000. Once a standout charity has been added to our list, we ask it to have one conversation with us each year and to review the notes we write to summarize what we learned from that conversation. We believe a smaller grant of $50,000 is appropriate for the time commitment this requires from standout charities."
Percentage of total donor spend in the corresponding batch of donations: 0.07%

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Part of GiveWell's end-of-year recommendations for Open Philanthropy, so the timing is determined by the timing of end-of-year recommendations (which is usually the week after Thanksgiving in the United States). The grant is made by Open Philanthropy shortly after the recommendations.

Donor retrospective of the donation: https://blog.givewell.org/2021/10/05/discontinuing-standout-charity-designation/ (November 2021) announces discontinuation of the standout charity designation, and says: "We’ve recommended that Open Philanthropy make a $100,000 exit grant to each standout charity on our list."
Living Goods50,000.006802020-12--https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-health-and-development/miscellaneous/living-goods-general-support-december-2020GiveWell Donation process: The grant is based on GiveWell's recommendation. GiveWell made the recommendations as part of its end-of-year recommendations to Open Philanthropy, along with allocations to other GiveWell top and standout charities. The total budget of $100 million is set by Open Philanthropy, but GiveWell decided to allocate only $70 million in end-of-year grantmaking and defers the remaining $30 million to early 2021. GiveWell explains the process in detail at https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation (published February 2021).

Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Donor reason for selecting the donee: At the time of the grant, Living Goods was a GiveWell standout charity, per https://www.givewell.org/charities/other-charities/November-2020-version and https://www.givewell.org/charities/living-goods-November-2014-version (November 2014 review). It therefore qualified for the $50,000 end-of-year incentive grant recommendation that all GiveWell standout charities received.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount of $50,000 is the amount of the incentive grant chosen for standout charities in 2020. https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Size_of_incentive_grants explains the reason for chosing the amount: "We also reduced our incentive grant recommendations for standout charities [from $100,000] to $50,000. Once a standout charity has been added to our list, we ask it to have one conversation with us each year and to review the notes we write to summarize what we learned from that conversation. We believe a smaller grant of $50,000 is appropriate for the time commitment this requires from standout charities."
Percentage of total donor spend in the corresponding batch of donations: 0.07%

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Part of GiveWell's end-of-year recommendations for Open Philanthropy, so the timing is determined by the timing of end-of-year recommendations (which is usually the week after Thanksgiving in the United States). The grant is made by Open Philanthropy shortly after the recommendations.

Donor retrospective of the donation: https://blog.givewell.org/2021/10/05/discontinuing-standout-charity-designation/ (November 2021) announces discontinuation of the standout charity designation, and says: "We’ve recommended that Open Philanthropy make a $100,000 exit grant to each standout charity on our list."
Project Healthy Children50,000.006802020-12Global health/nutritionhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-health-and-development/miscellaneous/project-healthy-children-general-support-december-2020GiveWell Donation process: The grant is based on GiveWell's recommendation. GiveWell made the recommendations as part of its end-of-year recommendations to Open Philanthropy, along with allocations to other GiveWell top and standout charities. The total budget of $100 million is set by Open Philanthropy, but GiveWell decided to allocate only $70 million in end-of-year grantmaking and defers the remaining $30 million to early 2021. GiveWell explains the process in detail at https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation (published February 2021).

Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Donor reason for selecting the donee: At the time of the grant, Project Healthy Children was a GiveWell standout charity, per https://www.givewell.org/charities/other-charities/November-2020-version and https://www.givewell.org/charities/project-healthy-children-March-2017-version (March 2017 review). It therefore qualified for the $50,000 end-of-year incentive grant recommendation that all GiveWell standout charities received.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount of $50,000 is the amount of the incentive grant chosen for standout charities in 2020. https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2020/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Size_of_incentive_grants explains the reason for chosing the amount: "We also reduced our incentive grant recommendations for standout charities [from $100,000] to $50,000. Once a standout charity has been added to our list, we ask it to have one conversation with us each year and to review the notes we write to summarize what we learned from that conversation. We believe a smaller grant of $50,000 is appropriate for the time commitment this requires from standout charities."
Percentage of total donor spend in the corresponding batch of donations: 0.07%

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Part of GiveWell's end-of-year recommendations for Open Philanthropy, so the timing is determined by the timing of end-of-year recommendations (which is usually the week after Thanksgiving in the United States). The grant is made by Open Philanthropy shortly after the recommendations.

Donor retrospective of the donation: https://blog.givewell.org/2021/10/05/discontinuing-standout-charity-designation/ (November 2021) announces discontinuation of the standout charity designation, and says: "We’ve recommended that Open Philanthropy make a $100,000 exit grant to each standout charity on our list."
University of Glasgow (Earmark: Davide Dominoni)109,552.005802020-12Animal welfare/wild animal welfare/bird/researchhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/university-of-glasgow-animal-welfare-researchWild Animal Initiative Lewis Bollard Donation process: The grant page says: "The project was endorsed by the Wild Animal Initiative due to its potential to expand the field of welfare biology." This suggests that this endorsement was influential to the grantmaking process.

Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support research on animal welfare led by Davide Dominoni. This funding will support research on the effects of urbanization and artificial light on birds’ welfare."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "The project was endorsed by the Wild Animal Initiative due to its potential to expand the field of welfare biology." This suggests that this endorsement was influential to the grantmaking process.

Other notes: Currency info: donation given as 81,000.00 GBP (conversion done via donor calculation).
Fórum Nacional de Proteção e Defesa Animal100,000.005862020-12Animal welfare/factory farming/chicken/layer chicken/pig/cage-freehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/forum-nacional-de-protecao-e-defesa-animal-crate-and-cage-free-campaigning-in-brazil-2020Amanda Hungerford Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support work campaigning to reduce the use of battery cages for layer hens and gestation crates for pigs in Brazil."

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The timing is likely determined by the previous two-year grant reaching its end.

Other notes: Affected countries: Brazil.
Animal Friends Jogja78,000.006452020-12Animal welfare/factory farming/chicken/fishhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/animal-friends-jogjaAmanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says the grant is "to support its farm animal welfare work in Indonesia. This cooperation agreement will support Animal Friend Jogja’s animal welfare investigations, as well as its corporate campaigns and lobbying efforts promoting poultry and fish welfare."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: Indonesia.
GLOBALG.A.P.90,554.006342020-11Animal welfare/factory farming/fishhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/globalgap-fish-welfare-standardsLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support the development of an animal welfare add-on module for its Aquaculture Standard, in collaboration with RSPCA Assured. GLOBALG.A.P. aims to promote more humane and sustainable aquaculture practices by setting certification standards for farmed fish." https://www.globalgap.org/uk_en/for-producers/globalg.a.p./integrated-farm-assurance-ifa/aquaculture/ is the link for the Aquaculture Standard.

Other notes: Currency info: donation given as 75,600.00 EUR (conversion done via donor calculation); intended funding timeframe in months: 24.
Impact Alliance40,000.007302020-11Animal welfare/factory farming/chicken/cage-freehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/impact-alliance-cage-free-programLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support work to secure corporate participation in a cage-free program in Asia."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "Our farm animal welfare team believes that this funding could help advance the implementation of cage-free systems across Asia."

Other notes: Grant made via Textile Exchange.
Material Innovation Initiative200,000.004842020-11Animal welfare/animal fashion alternativeshttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/material-innovation-initiative-plant-based-fashion-alternativesLewis Bollard Amanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support work promoting plant-based alternatives to animal-based fashion. This funding is intended to enable MII to hire a Senior Material Scientist, who will promote alternatives to silk and fur by connecting fashion companies with promising alternatives, providing support to plant-based alternatives start-ups, and working with academic researchers."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24.
International Farm Animal Welfare Fellowship58,050.006722020-11Animal welfarehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/international-farm-animal-welfare-fellowship-farm-animal-welfare-fellowship-programAmanda Hungerford Lwis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support an international farm animal welfare fellowship program. The program aims to alleviate bottlenecks in the field of farm animal welfare by cultivating a network of talented individuals, exchanging knowledge and expertise, and linking participants to opportunities for future engagement."

Other notes: Grant made via The Pollination Project.
L2141,642,046.001222020-11Animal welfare/factory farming/chicken/cage-free/broiler chicken/corporate campaignhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/L214-broiler-chicken-campaigns-2020Lewis Bollard Amanda Hungerford Donation process: Based on the grant write-up, evaluation of L214's progress since the previous grant appears to have been part of the grantmaking process.

Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support fundraising, professionalization, investigations, and broiler welfare advocacy in France. [...] This funding is intended to support additional welfare campaigns, investigations, and fundraising.

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "Since our November 2017 support, L214 has secured broiler welfare and cage-free commitments from a number of major French supermarket chains and companies." The current grant is for continuing and expanding on similar activities.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): This is a total across two grants. The grant page initially gave a smaller total of 1,432,130 (1,228,000 EUR) for just one grant, and was updated around June 2021 to be a total of two grants, with the updated amount. The donation was given as 1,408,000.00 EUR (conversion done via donor calculation).

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Reasons for timing are not discussed; the grant happens about one year after the expiration of the previous two-year grant.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 24

Other notes: This is a total across two grants. Affected countries: France.
University of Bern (Earmark: Michael Toscano)410,000.003492020-11Animal welfare/factory farming/chicken/layer chicken/cage-free/researchhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/university-of-bern-layer-hensAmanda Hungerford Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to the University of Bern to support research led by Michael Toscano on breeding layer hens better adapted to cage-free environments."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant fits in with Open Philanthropy's funding of corporate campaigns pushing for cage-free systems for chicken, an effort that https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/initial-grants-support-corporate-cage-free-reforms documents. The research focus of this grant is relatively unusual for Open Phil's cage-free campaign spending, but it is similar to a previous grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/university-of-bern-higher-welfare-cage-free-systems to the same grantee.

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 72.
Dezernat Zukunft202,079.004832020-11Macroeconomic stabilization policyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/macroeconomic-policy/dezernat-zukunft-monetary-and-fiscal-policy-2020Alexander Berger Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant to support "work on monetary and fiscal policy in Europe. Dezernat Zukunft is a nonpartisan German think tank that seeks to gear European monetary and fiscal policies toward encouraging employment gains and sharing prosperity more widely. Dezernat Zukunft plans to use these funds to hire staff to encourage fiscal expansion in Germany."

Donor retrospective of the donation: The followup grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/macroeconomic-policy/dezernat-zukunft-general-support-and-regranting (2021-07) suggests continued satisfaction with the grantee.

Other notes: Currency info: donation given as 170,000.00 EUR (conversion done via donor calculation); affected countries: Germany.
Urban Institute50,000.006802020-11Macroeconomic stabilization policyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/macroeconomic-policy/urban-institute-counter-cyclical-state-funding-mechanismsAlexander Berger Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support a report on implementing countercyclical state funding mechanisms as a means to support states and localities in managing the effects of economic shocks like the COVID-19 pandemic and recession."

Other notes: Affected countries: United States.
International Refugee Assistance Project1,000,000.001752020-11Migration policy/refugee migrationhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/immigration-policy/international-refugee-assistance-project-general-support-2020Alexander Berger Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page links to the grant page for the first grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/immigration-policy/international-refugee-assistance-project-general-support (2016-05) for the rationale for supporting the grantee.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): No explicit reason is given for the amount, but both the amount and the timeframe match the previous grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/immigration-policy/international-refugee-assistance-project-general-support-2019 (2019-01).

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The grant is made right around the end of the timeframe of the previous two-year grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/immigration-policy/international-refugee-assistance-project-general-support-2019 (2019-01).
Intended funding timeframe in months: 24
AI Impacts50,000.006802020-11AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/ai-impacts-general-support-2020Tom Davidson Ajeya Cotra Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "AI Impacts plans to use this grant to work on strategic questions related to potential risks from advanced artificial intelligence."
Compassion in World Farming1,228,407.001502020-11Animal welfare/factory farming/chickenhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/compassion-world-farming-farm-animal-welfare-in-asiaAmanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant to support "work to advance farm animal welfare in Asia. CIWF plans to engage in corporate outreach on poultry welfare and to re-grant funds to farm animal welfare groups throughout Asia."

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The grant amount is £964,600 ($1,228,407 at the time of conversion).

Other notes: This is a total across two grants.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Earmark: Neil Thompson)275,344.004262020-11AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/massachusetts-institute-of-technology-ai-trends-and-impacts-researchLuke Muehlhauser Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says "The research will consist of projects to learn how algorithmic improvement affects economic growth, gather data on the performance and compute usage of machine learning methods, and estimate cost models for deep learning projects."
Animal Welfare Awareness, Research, and Education64,600.006642020-10Animal welfare/factory farminghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/animal-welfare-awareness-research-and-education-farm-animal-welfare-workAmanda Hungerford Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support its work researching potential farm animal welfare policy reforms in South Korea."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "Approximately 460 million farm animals are alive in South Korea at any given time." This suggests that the scale of factory farming in South Korea is an influencing factor.

Other notes: Affected countries: South Korea.
Vegan Women Summit20,000.007712020-10Animal welfare/meat alternatives/diversity, equity, and inclusionhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/vegan-women-summit-pitch-competitionLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support a pitch competition for female founders in the plant- and cell-based space. The Vegan Women Summit aims to use the competition to support early-stage female founders, particularly women of color, by connecting them with investors and publicizing their startups."
Smitha Milli (Earmark: Smitha Milli)370.008052020-10AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/smitha-milli-participatory-approaches-machine-learning-workshopDaniel Dewey Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support Participatory Approaches to Machine Learning, a virtual workshop held during the 2020 International Conference on Machine Learning."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The donee had previously been a recipient of the Open Phil AI Fellowship, so it is likely that that relationship helped make the way for this grant.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): No specific reasons are given for the amount; this is an unusually small grant size by the donor's standards. The amount is likely determined by the limited funding needs of the grantee.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The 2020 International Conference on Machine Learning was held in July 2020, so this grant seems to have been made after the thing it was supporting was already finished. No details on timing are provided.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 1
YIMBY Law500,000.002812020-10Land use reformhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/land-use-reform/yimby-law-general-support-october-2020Zachary Robinson Alexander Berger Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: Grant "for general support. YIMBY Law is a new organization that advocates for more available and affordable housing in California and pursues litigation to ensure compliance with state housing laws."

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The grant is made about nine months after the first grant to the grantee, which was a founding grant. The timeframe of the original grant was not specified, but the amount ($100,000) suggests a timeframe of under a year, so the timing of this new grant is likely determined by the previous grant running out.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 24

Other notes: Affected countries: United States; affected states: California.
Center for a New American Security (Earmark: Paul Scharre)24,350.007652020-10AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-for-a-new-american-security-ai-governance-projectsLuke Muehlhauser Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support work exploring possible projects related to AI governance."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: No explicit reason is provided for the donation, but another donation https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-for-a-new-american-security-ai-and-security-projects is made at around the same time, to the same donee and with the same earmark (Paul Scharre) suggesting a broader endorsement.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): No explicit reason is provided for the timing of the donation, but another donation https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-for-a-new-american-security-ai-and-security-projects is made at around the same time, to the same donee and with the same earmark (Paul Scharre).
Center for a New American Security (Earmark: Paul Scharre)116,744.005732020-10AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-for-a-new-american-security-ai-and-security-projectsLuke Muehlhauser Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support work by Paul Scharre on projects related to AI and security."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: No explicit reason is provided for the donation, but another donation https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-for-a-new-american-security-ai-governance-projects is made at around the same time, to the same donee and with the same earmark (Paul Scharre) suggesting a broader endorsement.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): No explicit reason is provided for the timing of the donation, but another donation https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-for-a-new-american-security-ai-governance-projects is made at around the same time, to the same donee and with the same earmark (Paul Scharre).
Center for Strategic and International Studies118,307.005712020-09AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-for-strategic-and-international-studies-ai-accident-risk-and-technology-competitionLuke Muehlhauser Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to explore possible projects related to AI accident risk in the context of technology competition."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: No specific reasons are provided, but two other grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-for-international-security-and-cooperation-ai-accident-risk-and-technology-competition and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/rice-hadley-gates-manuel-ai-risk made at about the same time for the same intended use suggests interest from the donor in this particular use case at this time.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): No specific reasons are provided, but two other grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-for-international-security-and-cooperation-ai-accident-risk-and-technology-competition and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/rice-hadley-gates-manuel-ai-risk made at about the same time for the same intended use suggests interest from the donor in this particular use case at this time.

Donor retrospective of the donation: The increase in grant amount in May 2021, from $75,245 to $118,307, suggests that Open Phil was satisfied with initial progress on the grant.

Other notes: The grant amount was updated in May 2021. The original amount was $75,245.
Center for International Security and Cooperation67,000.006592020-09AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-for-international-security-and-cooperation-ai-accident-risk-and-technology-competitionLuke Muehlhauser Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to explore possible projects related to AI accident risk in the context of technology competition."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: No specific reasons are provided, but two other grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-for-strategic-and-international-studies-ai-accident-risk-and-technology-competition and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/rice-hadley-gates-manuel-ai-risk made at about the same time for the same intended use suggests interest from the donor in this particular use case at this time.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): No specific reasons are provided, but two other grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-for-strategic-and-international-studies-ai-accident-risk-and-technology-competition and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/rice-hadley-gates-manuel-ai-risk made at about the same time for the same intended use suggests interest from the donor in this particular use case at this time.
Asia for Animals52,400.006772020-09Animal welfare/factory farminghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/asia-for-animals-farm-animal-welfare-coordinatorAmanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to hire a farm animal welfare coordinator. Asia for Animals is a coalition of animal welfare organizations operating in Asia. The farm animal welfare coordinator will enable Asia for Animals to expand the network’s engagement on farm animal welfare issues."

Other notes: Grant via the Animals Asia Foundation. Affected countries: Asia.
Rice, Hadley, Gates & Manuel LLC25,000.007552020-09AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/rice-hadley-gates-manuel-ai-riskLuke Muehlhauser Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Contractor agreement "to explore possible projects related to AI accident risk in the context of technology competition."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: No specific reasons are provided, but two other grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-for-strategic-and-international-studies-ai-accident-risk-and-technology-competition and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-for-international-security-and-cooperation-ai-accident-risk-and-technology-competition made at about the same time for the same intended use suggests interest from the donor in this particular use case at this time.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): No specific reasons are provided, but two other grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-for-strategic-and-international-studies-ai-accident-risk-and-technology-competition and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/center-for-international-security-and-cooperation-ai-accident-risk-and-technology-competition made at about the same time for the same intended use suggests interest from the donor in this particular use case at this time.
The Humane League3,600,000.00472020-09Animal welfare/factory farming/chicken/broiler chicken/cage-free/corporate campaignhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/humane-league-open-wing-alliance-2020Amanda Hungerford Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to continue to support program grants and associated costs for the Open Wing Alliance. This funding will support members of the Open Wing Alliance who are working to secure corporate cage-free and broiler pledges and build an effective farm animal welfare movement in more nations."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "Our farm animal welfare team believes that the Open Wing Alliance has a strong track record in identifying promising groups in new countries, training them in corporate campaigning, and coordinating them to achieve global corporate wins."

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The grant is made a few months before the timeframe for the previous grant to the Open Wing Alliance was scheduled to end; that might partly explain the timing.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 24
World Animal Net37,600.007412020-09Animal welfare/factory farming/chicken/broiler chicken/pighttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/world-animal-net-broiler-chicken-and-pig-welfare-guidelinesLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to engage with international financial institutions, including the World Bank, on the adoption of broiler chicken and pig welfare guidelines for agribusiness projects."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24.
Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals500,000.002812020-08Animal welfare/factory farminghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/rspca-farm-animal-welfare-advocacy-asia-2020Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support its work to advance farm animal welfare in Asia. The RSPCA intends to use this funding to build institutional support for farm animal welfare, develop and implement welfare standards, and award scholarships to researchers studying topics related to farm animal welfare."

Other notes: Currency info: donation given as 400,000.00 GBP (conversion done via donor calculation); intended funding timeframe in months: 36.
Catalyst350,000.003732020-08Animal welfare/factory farming/pig/chickenhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/catalyst-farm-animal-welfare-in-thailandAmanda Hungerford Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to advocate for farm animal welfare in Thailand. This funding is intended to enable the new organization to advocate for pig and chicken welfare, specifically by working with the government to, among other things, provide welfare training and develop humane certification standards."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: Thailand.
Economic Policy Institute550,000.002612020-08Macroeconomic stabilization policyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/macroeconomic-policy/economic-policy-institute-macroeconomic-policy-research-2020Alexander Berger Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "EPI plans to use these funds to continue to produce policy-relevant research on the ways in which macroeconomic policy can boost living standards for working Americans, including work on different aspects of the relationships between unemployment, wage growth, inflation, and productivity."

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): No explicit reasons are given for the amount; it is a little less than the amount ($700,000) of the previous two-year grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/macroeconomic-policy/economic-policy-institute-macroeconomic-policy-research-2018 (2018-07).

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The grant is made right around the end of the timeframe of the previous two-year grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/macroeconomic-policy/economic-policy-institute-macroeconomic-policy-research-2018 (2018-07).
Intended funding timeframe in months: 24

Other notes: Affected countries: United States.
Labor Mobility Partnerships500,000.002812020-08Migration policy/labor mobilityhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/immigration-policy/labor-mobility-partnerships-international-labor-mobilityZachary Robinson Alexander Berger Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support work to enhance international labor mobility. LaMP aims to ensure workers can access employment opportunities abroad. It focuses on connecting governments, employers, researchers, and advocates to bridge gaps in international labor markets, and creating and curating resources to design and implement mobility partnerships."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: Open Philanthropy had provided the original grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/immigration-policy/center-global-development-labor-mobility-partnerships (2019-03) to incubate the organization. This is a renewal of that grant and also an exit grant.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount was chosen to provide a year of operating support, which is a typical amount for an exit grant.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The grant is made at around the end of the timeframe of the previous grant (the incubation grant) https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/immigration-policy/center-global-development-labor-mobility-partnerships (2019-03).
Intended funding timeframe in months: 12

Donor thoughts on making further donations to the donee: This is an exit grant; there are no plans for followup grants.
New York University (Earmark: Becca Franks)95,000.006312020-07Animal welfare/factory farming/fishhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/nyu-work-on-fish-welfare-2020Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support research scientist Becca Franks’s work on fish welfare. These funds will support research on curiosity in fish, and will enable Professor Franks to help commission articles that promote state-of-the-art fish welfare research as guest editor of Frontiers in Veterinary Science."
Employ America1,250,000.001482020-07Macroeconomic stabilization policyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/macroeconomic-policy/employ-america-general-support-2020Alexander Berger Donation process: This is a total across two grants.

Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "Employ America makes the public and intellectual case for policies that support full employment and seeks to build a broad set of allies to further that goal. It produces research and analysis on the state of the labor market and current and potential macroeconomic policies and policymakers. Employ America is led by Sam Bell, who has consulted for us and our grantee Fed Up."

Donor retrospective of the donation: The followup grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/macroeconomic-policy/employ-america-general-support-2021 (2021-05) suggests continued satisfaction with the grantee.

Other notes: Affected countries: United States.
Group Nine Media680,448.002362020-07Animal welfare/factory farming/chicken/fishhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/group-nine-media-factory-farming-videos-2020Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says the grant is "to continue to produce videos on factory farming topics. These videos could cover farm animal welfare campaigns, the welfare of chicken, fish, and other animals, and other relevant topics."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "Our farm animal welfare team believes that the videos could increase the salience of farm animal welfare issues among the public."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24.
VegeProject102,400.005842020-07Animal welfare/diet changehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/vegeproject-corporate-outreachAmanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says the grant is "to support its work conducting corporate outreach to increase the availability of plant-based food in Japan."

Other notes: Affected countries: Japan.
Dharma Voices for Animals150,000.005292020-07Animal welfare/factory farming/legislative changehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/dharma-voices-for-animals-farm-animal-welfare-legislationAmanda Hungerford Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says the grant is "to Dharma Voices for Animals, a Buddhist animal welfare organization, to support its work advocating for farm animal welfare legislation in Sri Lanka."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: Sri Lanka.
Andrew Lohn (Earmark: Andrew Lohn)15,000.007762020-06AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/andrew-lohn-paper-machine-learning-model-robustnessLuke Muehlhauser Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to write a paper on machine learning model robustness for safety-critical AI systems."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: Nothing is specified, but the grantee's work had previously been funded by Open Phil via the RAND Corporation for AI assurance methods.
Animal Advocacy Careers432,000.003392020-06Animal welfare/movement growth/career counselinghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/animal-advocacy-careers-general-supportAmanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "Animal Advocacy Careers seeks to increase the effectiveness of farm animal welfare advocacy, and was incubated following our support for Charity Science. This funding is intended to enable Animal Advocacy Careers to provide training on leadership and management, career guidance, and effective animal advocacy to existing and aspiring farm animal welfare advocates."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24.
World of Good (Earmark: Michelle Sinclair)10,178.007912020-06Animal welfare/factory farming/legislative changehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/world-of-good-research-on-farm-animal-welfare-legislationAmanda Hungerford Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to World of Good to support research led by Michelle Sinclair on possible farm animal welfare legislation in Asia. This funding is intended to enable Sinclair and a research assistant to conduct field studies in Asia."

Other notes: Currency info: donation given as 14,765.00 AUD (conversion done via donor calculation); affected countries: Asia.
Food Frontier200,000.004842020-06Animal welfare/factory farming/meat alternatives/plant-based meathttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/food-frontier-plant-based-meat-alternativesAmanda Hungerford Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says the grant is "to Food Frontier to support work to develop and promote plant-based meat alternatives in the Asia-Pacific region."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24.
CAF America (Earmark: Guo Peng)130,670.005542020-06Animal welfarehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/caf-america-farm-animal-welfareLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says the grant is "to support the work of Shandong University Professor Guo Peng, a leading animal protection scholar in China. Professor Peng plans to use these funds to expand the research work of the Centre for Animal Protection Studies of Shandong University and host an expanded Annual National Academic Conferences on Animal Studies."

Other notes: Affected countries: China.
Center for Popular Democracy465,000.003262020-06Macroeconomic stabilization policyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/macroeconomic-policy/center-popular-democracy-fed-up-campaign-2020Alexander Berger Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support the “Fed Up” campaign. The campaign aims to encourage more accommodative monetary policies and greater transparency and public engagement in the governance of the Federal Reserve. Fed Up plans to use this funding to build up grassroots support for policies that prioritize full employment during and following the current economic crisis."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page does not discuss reasons, but a reasonable inference based on the information on the page as well as the previous grant page https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/macroeconomic-policy/center-popular-democracy-fed-up-campaign-2019 is that the recession caused by the COVID-19 pandemic motivated the grant. A goal of the Fed Up campaign is to make the Fed care more about unemployment, and the COVID-19-induced recession is a time when this concern becomes particularly salient.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): This is not a renewal grant; the time period for the preceding two-year grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/macroeconomic-policy/center-popular-democracy-fed-up-campaign-2019 (2019-11) is still ongoing. Based on the grant description, the timing of this grant seems to be due to the COVID-19-induced economic recession; the grant is made about three months after the COVID-19-induced decline in economic activity.

Other notes: Affected countries: United States.
We Animals Media517,000.002772020-06Animal welfare/factory farminghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/we-animals-media-content-for-farm-animal-welfare-advocacy-2020Amanda Hungerford Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says the grant is "to continue documenting the lives and experiences of farm animals. WAM works with filmmakers, writers, and photographers to produce open-source media content via the We Animals Archive for advocates and others to utilize in their campaigns. [...] This funding is intended to support WAM’s photography and video archive and farm animal welfare media work."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "Many of our farm animal welfare grantees have used WAM’s media content in their work to secure corporate and governmental farm animal welfare commitments."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24.
Foundation for Food and Agricultural Research444,000.003352020-06Animal welfare/meat alternatives/plant-based meathttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/foundation-food-and-agriculture-research-chickpea-and-corn-zein-researchChris Somerville Lewis Bollard Donation process: The grant funds proposals received in response to the request for proposals from FFAR co-funded by an April 2020 grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/foundation-food-and-agriculture-research-farm-animal-welfare-research-2020 from Open Phil. Also worth noting: one of the grant investigators (Chris Somerville) is one of Open Phil's scientific advisors and he does not usually investigate animal welfare grants. Moreover, one portion of the grant is matched with a grant from the scientific researcch program.

Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support protein optimization in chickpeas, led by NuCicer, and research into improving corn zein’s functionality for plant-based meat, led by Professor Bruce Hamaker of Purdue University." The chickpea portion of this research represents a match of a similar grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/scientific-research/foundation-for-food-and-agriculture-research-plant-protein-optimization-research from the scientific research program.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount is likely determined by the specifics of the proposals submitted.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The grant funds proposals submitted in response to a request for proposals co-funded two months ago. The timing of the grant is likely determined by the timing of the original request for proposals.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 36
The Wilson Center496,540.003182020-06AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/wilson-center-ai-policy-seminar-series-june-2020Luke Muehlhauser Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to organize additional in-depth AI policy seminars as part of its seminar series."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says "We continue to believe the seminar series can help inform AI policy discussions and decision-making in Washington, D.C., and could help identify and empower influential experts in those discussions, a key component of our AI policy grantmaking strategy."

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): No reason is given for the amount. The grant is a little more than the original $368,440 two-year grant so it is likely that the additional amount is expected to double the frequency of AI policy seminars.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The grant is a top-up rather than a renewal; the previous two-year grant was made in February 2020. No specific reasons for timing are given.

Donor retrospective of the donation: A later grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/wilson-center-ai-policy-training-program in the same general area suggests Open Philanthropy's continued satisfaction with the grantee.
Centre for the Governance of AI450,000.003322020-05AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/gov-ai-general-supportCommittee for Effective Altruism Support Donation process: The grant was recommended by the Committee for Effective Altruism Support following its process https://www.openphilanthropy.org/committee-effective-altruism-support

Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "GovAI intends to use these funds to support the visit of two senior researchers and a postdoc researcher."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says "we see the basic pros and cons of this support similarly to what we’ve presented in past writeups on the matter" but does not link to specific past writeups (Open Phil has not previously made grants directly to GovAI).

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount is decided by the Committee for Effective Altruism Support https://www.openphilanthropy.org/committee-effective-altruism-support but individual votes and reasoning are not public.

Donor retrospective of the donation: The much larger followup grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/gov-ai-field-building (December 2021) suggests continued satisfaction with the grantee.

Other notes: Grant made via the Berkeley Existential Risk Initiative.
International Conference on Learning Representations3,500.008022020-05AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/ICLR-machine-learning-paper-awardsDaniel Dewey Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant to the International Conference on Learning Representations to provide awards for the best papers submitted as part of the “Towards Trustworthy Machine Learning” virtual workshop.
Encompass200,000.004842020-05Animal welfare/movement growth/diversity, equity, and inclusionhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/encompass-diversity-farm-animal-welfare-movementAmanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says the grant is "to support its work to make the farm animal welfare movement more racially diverse, equitable, and inclusive. Encompass intends to use these funds to provide long-term support to advocates of color, as well as to farm animal welfare organizations."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24.
Charity Entrepreneurship260,000.004372020-05Animal welfare/movement growth/new organizationshttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/charity-entrepreneurship-development-of-new-animal-welfare-charitiesLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "This funding is intended to enable CE to incubate two additional animal welfare charities."
Animal Outlook44,200.007252020-05Animal welfare/factory farminghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/animal-outlook-factory-farm-investigations-media-coverageLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to promote media coverage of its factory farm investigations. This funding is intended to enable Animal Outlook to hire two outside contractors specializing in public relations and the entertainment industry."
The Pollination Project75,800.006472020-05Animal welfare/movement growthhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/pollination-project-conferenceLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support the Farm Animal and Veg Advocacy Conference, a new annual movement-building conference hosted by farm animal welfare organizations. This funding is intended to cover costs related to hiring a conference organizer."
Eurogroup for Animals635,000.002412020-05Animal welfare/factory farming/chicken/broiler chicken/layer chickenhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/eurogroup-animals-eu-chicken-welfare-advocacy-2020Amanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support EU advocacy work for layer hen and broiler chicken welfare. This funding will enable Eurogroup for Animals to carry out EU welfare campaigns, provide regrants to cage-free advocacy groups, and research layer hen and broiler chicken welfare."

Other notes: Currency info: donation given as 586,000.00 EUR (conversion done via donor calculation); intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: European Union.
Humane Society International60,000.006702020-05Animal welfarehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/humane-society-international-african-swine-fever-training-2020Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to conduct trainings in Vietnam in response to emergency disease outbreaks of African Swine Fever and other animal diseases. This funding is intended to pay for three two-day trainings for government officials in Vietnam and related travel expenses."

Other notes: Affected countries: Vietnam.
Conservative Animal Welfare Foundation488,467.003232020-05Animal welfare/factory farming/legislative changehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/conservative-animal-welfare-foundation-farm-animal-welfare-advocacyLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support [grantee's] work advocating for farm animal welfare policies in the U.K. [...] These funds are intended to support work on animal welfare and not any other activities."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "Our farm animal welfare team believes that the Conservative Animal Welfare Foundation is well-positioned to advance farm animal welfare policies with the parliamentary majority."

Other notes: Currency info: donation given as 395,200.00 GBP (conversion done via donor calculation); intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: United Kingdom.
Sinergia Animal800,000.002132020-05Animal welfare/factory farming/chicken/cage-free/corporate campaignhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/sinergia-animal-corporate-cage-free-campaignsAmanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support corporate cage-free campaigns and investigations across Latin America. Sinergia Animal intends to use this funding to secure cage-free corporate commitments and carry out investigations in Colombia, Argentina, Chile, Ecuador, and Peru, which have a combined total of approximately 184 million layer hens."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page hints at the scale of factory farming in the target countries as being a factor: "Sinergia Animal intends to use this funding to secure cage-free corporate commitments and carry out investigations in Colombia, Argentina, Chile, Ecuador, and Peru, which have a combined total of approximately 184 million layer hens."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: Argentina|Chile|Colombia|Ecuador|Peru.
Open Phil AI Fellowship (Earmark: Alex Tamkin|Clare Lyle|Cody Coleman|Dami Choi|Dan Hendrycks|Ethan Perez|Frances Ding|Leqi Liu|Peter Henderson|Stanislav Fort)2,300,000.00972020-05AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/open-phil-ai-fellowship-2020-classCatherine Olsson Daniel Dewey Donation process: According to the grant page: "These fellows were selected from more than 380 applicants for their academic excellence, technical knowledge, careful reasoning, and interest in making the long-term, large-scale impacts of AI a central focus of their research."

Intended use of funds (category): Living expenses during research project

Intended use of funds: Grant to provide scholarship to ten machine learning researchers over five years

Donor reason for selecting the donee: According to the grant page: "The intent of the Open Phil AI Fellowship is both to support a small group of promising researchers and to foster a community with a culture of trust, debate, excitement, and intellectual excellence. We plan to host gatherings once or twice per year where fellows can get to know one another, learn about each other’s work, and connect with other researchers who share their interests." In a comment reply https://forum.effectivealtruism.org/posts/DXqxeg3zj6NefR9ZQ/open-philanthropy-our-progress-in-2019-and-plans-for-2020#BCvuhRCg9egAscpyu (GW, IR) on the Effectiive Altruism Forum, grant investigator Catherine Olsson writes: "But the short answer is I think the key pieces to keep in mind are to view the fellowship as 1) a community, not just individual scholarships handed out, and as such also 2) a multi-year project, built slowly."

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount is comparable to the total amount of the 2019 fellowship grants, though it is distributed among a slightly larger pool of people.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): This is the third of annual sets of grants, decided through an annual application process, with the announcement made between April and June each year. The timing may have been chosen to sync with the academic year.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 60

Donor retrospective of the donation: The followup grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/open-phil-ai-fellowship-2021-class (2021) confirms that the program would continue.

Other notes: Announced: 2020-05-12.
World Economic Forum50,000.006802020-04AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/world-economic-forum-global-ai-council-workshopDaniel Dewey Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support a workshop hosted by the Global AI Council and co-developed with the Center for Human-Compatible AI at UC Berkeley. The workshop will facilitate the development of AI policy recommendations that could lead to future economic prosperity, and is part of a series of workshops examining solutions to maximize economic productivity and human wellbeing."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 1.
University of Colorado (Earmark: May Chu)250,000.004432020-04Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness/COVID-19https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity/university-of-colorado-covid-19-personal-protective-equipment-experimentsJacob Trefethen Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support experiments on the decontamination and safe reuse of personal protective equipment (PPE) for health care workers (HCWs) treating COVID-19 patients. This effort is led by Professor May Chu at the Colorado School of Public Health with collaborators from academic research labs, professional PPE testing laboratories, and infectious disease hospitals around the world. The aim of this study is to identify simple, executable processes for decontamination of homemade masks, surgical masks, and N95 respirators that can be applied anywhere, from hospitals to low-resource settings, so that HCWs are protected. The results could inform PPE recommendations for HCW protection from bodies like the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant is made around the time that COVID-19 is declared a global pandemic, and around the time that efforts to fight the pandemic are ramping up. The grant page also highlights the credentials of the grantee: "Professor Chu serves on the WHO’s Expert Advisory Committee for COVID-19 and helped lead the United States’ response to the 2014 Ebola epidemic at the Office of Science and Technology Policy."

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The grant is made around the time that COVID-19 is declared a global pandemic, and around the time that efforts to fight the pandemic are ramping up.

Other notes: Announced: 2020-04-15.
Brown Institute for Media Innovation15,000.007762020-04Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness/COVID-19https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity/brown-institute-for-media-innovation-covid-19-rapid-micro-grantsJacob Trefethen Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support rapid micro-grants for work that aims to inform the public about the COVID-19 virus. This funding enabled the Brown Institute to award five micro-grants https://brown.columbia.edu/covid19-grant-winners/ to journalists, technologists, health researchers, data scientists, social scientists, and others."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant is made shortly after COVID-19 is declared a global pandemic, and as efforts to fight the pandemic are ramping up.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount covers 60% of the award money granted out (five grants of $5,000 each). The reason for funding only 60% are not included in the grant page; it is likely that other sources of funding cover the remaining cost.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The timing is likely determined by the timing of the microgrants round being funded. The grant is made shortly after COVID-19 is declared a global pandemic, and as efforts to fight the pandemic are ramping up.

Other notes: Announced: 2020-04-27.
Sea-Long Global Respiratory Systems325,000.003932020-04Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness/COVID-19https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity/sea-long-global-respiratory-systems-covid-19-ventilation-helmet-productionJacob Trefethen Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support the increased production of non-invasive ventilation helmets for COVID-19 patients. The helmets are intended to aid patients under respiratory distress and reduce the demand for ventilators in regions experiencing severe outbreaks, in the U.S. and internationally."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant is made shortly after COVID-19 is declared a global pandemic, and as efforts to fight the pandemic are ramping up.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The grant is made shortly after COVID-19 is declared a global pandemic, and as efforts to fight the pandemic are ramping up.

Other notes: Announced: 2020-04-24.
Animal Nepal271,700.004302020-04Animal welfare/factory farming/poultry/cattlehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/animal-nepal-farm-animal-welfareAmanda Hungerford Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "This grant is intended to provide funding for Animal Nepal’s poultry and buffalo welfare advocacy, as well as its work raising awareness of animal welfare within Nepal’s government and media outlets."

Other notes: Affected countries: Nepal.
Reducetarian Foundation (Earmark: Gregg Sparkman|Johanna Matt-Navarro)14,190.007852020-04Animal welfare/diet change/fish/researchhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/reducetarian-foundation-fish-consumption-messaging-researchLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support research to analyze the impact of various messages on fish consumption, led by Gregg Sparkman and Johanna Matt-Navarro. The research will include a survey on norms and values correlated with fish consumption, an assessment of messages to reduce fish consumption, and a randomized controlled trial on the effectiveness of selected messages in reducing fish consumption among consumers."

Donor retrospective of the donation: The later grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/reducetarian-fellowship suggests continued satisfaction with the grantee, though its intended use of funds is somewhat different.
Mercy Corps1,000,000.001752020-04Migration policy/labor mobility/seasonal migrationhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/immigration-policy/mercy-corps-seasonal-migration-pilot-project-and-rctZachary Robinson Alexander Berger Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "in partnership with the Immigration Policy Lab at Stanford University, to conduct a pilot project with a randomized control trial (RCT) on seasonal migration for rural Nigeriens. The project and the RCT will examine the drivers and returns to seasonal migration, and will subsidize the transportation of underemployed men in the rural Tillabéri region to urban centers in Niger and surrounding countries."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: Nigeria.
Equalia150,000.005292020-04Animal welfare/factory farming/chickenhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/equalia-broiler-welfare-cage-free-campaignsLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support corporate campaigns to improve the welfare of chickens and caged hens in Spain and international investigations into welfare standards for chickens and laying hens in cages."

Other notes: Affected countries: Spain.
Compassion in World Farming USA78,750.006442020-04Animal welfare/factory farming/chickenhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/CIWF-USA-global-eggtrack-programAmanda Hungerford Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support the global expansion of its EggTrack program. This funding will support CIWF USA’s work tracking and reporting on multinational companies’ progress implementing cage-free egg commitments."
Foundation for Food and Agricultural Research500,000.002812020-04Animal welfare/meat alternatives/plant-based meathttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/foundation-food-and-agriculture-research-farm-animal-welfare-research-2020Lewis Bollard Donation process: Nothing specific is stated on the grant page, but the outcommes of two past similar grants https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/foundation-food-and-agriculture-research-farm-animal-welfare-research was made in April 2017 and https://www.openphilanthropy.org/giving/grants/foundation-food-and-agriculture-research-egg-tech-challenge in December 2018 likely informed this grant.

Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant to "co-fund a request for proposals for research on optimizing plant protein for use in plant-based meat. The resulting research could eventually improve the quality and lower the costs of plant-based meat."

Donor retrospective of the donation: A grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/foundation-food-and-agriculture-research-chickpea-and-corn-zein-research made two months later (for proposals submitted as a result of this request for proposals) suggests continued endorsement by Open Phil of the reasoning behind the grant.
Johns Hopkins University (Earmark: Jared Kaplan|Brice Ménard)55,000.006752020-03AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/johns-hopkins-kaplan-menardLuke Muehlhauser Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support the initial research of Professors Jared Kaplan and Brice Ménard on principles underlying neural network training and performance."
Study and Training Related to AI Policy Careers (Earmark: Emefa Agawu|Karson Elmgren|Matthew Gentzel|Becca Kagan|Benjamin Mueller)594,420.002532020-03AI safety/talent pipelinehttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/study-and-training-related-to-ai-policy-careersLuke Muehlhauser Donation process: This is a scholarship program run by Open Philanthropy. Applications were sought at https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/funding-AI-policy-careers with the last date for applications being 2019-10-15.

Intended use of funds (category): Living expenses during research project

Intended use of funds: Grant is "flexible support to enable individuals to pursue and explore careers in artificial intelligence policy." Recipients include Emefa Agawu, Karson Elmgren, Matthew Gentzel, Becca Kagan, and Benjamin Mueller. The ways that specific recipients intend to use the funds is not described, but https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/funding-AI-policy-careers#examples gives general guidance on the kinds of uses Open Philanthropy was expecting to see when it opened applications.

Donor reason for selecting the donee: https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/funding-AI-policy-careers#goal says: "The goal of this program is to provide flexible support that empowers exceptional people who are interested in positively affecting the long-run effects of transformative AI via careers in AI policy, which we see as an important and neglected issue." https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/funding-AI-policy-careers#appendix provides links to Open Philanthropy's other writing on the importance of the issue.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/funding-AI-policy-careers#summary says: "There is neither a maximum nor a minimum number of applications we intend to fund; rather, we intend to fund the applications that seem highly promising to us."

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Timing is likely determined by the time taken to review all applications after the close of applications on 2019-10-15.

Donor retrospective of the donation: As of early 2022, there do not appear to have been further rounds of grantmaking from Open Philanthropy for this purpose.

Other notes: Open Philanthropy runs a related fellowship program called the Open Phil AI Fellowship, that has an annual cadence of announcing new grants, though individual grants are often multi-year. The Open Phil AI Fellowship grantees are mostly people working on technical AI safety, whereas this grant is focused on AI policy work. Moreover, the Open Phil AI Fellowship targets graduate-level research,, whereas this grant targets study and training.
Georgetown Center for Global Health Science and Security2,400,000.00922020-03Biosecurity and pandemic preparednesshttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity-and-pandemic-preparedness/georgetown-center-global-health-science-and-security-general-support-march-2020Andrew Snyder-Beattie Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: Grant "to provide general support and to support GHSS project activities on deliberate events and global health security."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant is an "exit grant" intended to provide approximately two years of operating support. It follows a February 2020 grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity-and-pandemic-preparedness/georgetown-center-global-health-science-and-security-general-support-2020 and is probably intendd to give the grantee enough time to find other sources of support.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The grant page says that the grant "will provide GHSS with approximately two years of operating support." This is probably considered a reasonable amount of time for the grantee to find alternativ sources of support.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Reasons for timing are unclear; it seems that the timing is determined by Open Phil's decision to stop supporting GHSS long-term. The decision seems relatively sudden, considering the February 2020 operating support grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity-and-pandemic-preparedness/georgetown-center-global-health-science-and-security-general-support-2020 just one month before this exit grant.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 24

Donor thoughts on making further donations to the donee: This grant is an exit grant, which means that Open Phil plans to make no further grants to GHSS.

Other notes: This exit grant comes at around the time that the COVID-19 pandemic is beginning to be recognized, and Open Phil is doubling down on biosecurity and pandemic preparedness spending related to COVID-19. The relationship of this exit to COVID-19, if any, is unclear. Announced: 2020-04-27.
Against COVID-1910,000.007922020-03Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness/COVID-19https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity/against-covid-19-covid-19-database-supportJacob Trefethen Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support the expansion of its database of COVID-19 cases to include data from additional countries. The database tracks COVID-19 cases by transmission (local or imported), age, and other relevant characteristics, and is made available in a public dashboard for researchers, policymakers, and others working to limit the spread of the virus."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant is made around the time that COVID-19 is declared a global pandemic, and around the time that efforts to fight the pandemic are ramping up.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The grant is made around the time that COVID-19 is declared a global pandemic, and around the time that efforts to fight the pandemic are ramping up.

Other notes: Announced: 2020-04-20.
Good Judgment Inc.40,000.007302020-03Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness/COVID-19https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity/good-judgment-inc-covid-19-forecastingLuke Muehlhauser Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant to expand "efforts to aggregate, publish, and track forecasts about the COVID-19 outbreak with the hope that the forecasts can help improve planning by health security professionals and the broader public, limit the spread of the virus, and save lives. The forecasts are aggregated each day from the most accurate 1-2% of forecasters from a large-scale, government-funded series of forecasting tournaments, plus an annual uptake of a handful of top performers from the nearly 40,000 forecasters on Good Judgement Open." The predictions are at https://goodjudgment.io/covid/dashboard/ and the reasoning is explained more in https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/forecasting-covid-19-pandemic

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant is made at around the time the COVID-19 pandemic is being acknowledged worldwide, and just as Open Phil is ramping up grantmaking in the area. The grant investigator, Luke Muehlhauser, has generally been interested in forecasting. Most other COVID-19 grants are investigated by Jacob Trefethen.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): Amount likely determined by project cost

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Timing determmined by the breaking out of the COVID-19 pandemic
Intended funding timeframe in months: 1

Donor thoughts on making further donations to the donee: The blog post https://www.openphilanthropy.org/blog/forecasting-covid-19-pandemic says: "We may commission additional forecasts related to COVID-19 in the coming months, and we welcome suggestions of well-formed questions for which regularly updated forecasts would be especially helpful to public health professionals and the broader public."

Other notes: Announced: 2020-03-17.
Center for Global Development (Earmark: Jeremy Konyndyck)250,000.004432020-03Biosecurity and pandemic preparedness/COVID-19https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity/center-global-development-covid-19-local-response-guidelinesAndrew Snyder-Beattie Jacob Trefethen Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support work led by Jeremy Konyndyk on developing COVID-19 response guidelines and decision support tools to disseminate to local leaders. The guidelines and tools are intended to help local leaders take appropriate measures to limit the spread of the virus."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant is made around the time that COVID-19 is declared a global pandemic, and as efforts to fight the pandemic are ramping up. The grant page notes: "Konyndyk was formerly the director of the United States Agency for International Development’s Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance, where he managed an annual budget of more than $1.4 billion and helped lead the U.S. response to the Ebola outbreak."

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The grant is made around the time that COVID-19 is declared a global pandemic, and as efforts to fight the pandemic are ramping up.

Other notes: Announced: 2020-03-18.
Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals425,000.003432020-03Animal welfare/factory farming/chicken/broiler chickenhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/rspca-broiler-chicken-welfare-outreachLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support its outreach to improve the welfare of broiler chickens in the United Kingdom. RSPCA plans to use these funds to support corporate campaigns, industry events and awards, advertising, reports and materials, and other outreach expenses."

Other notes: Currency info: donation given as 329,000.00 GBP (conversion done via donor calculation); intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: United Kingdom.
Center for Global Development (Earmark: Michael Clemens)1,000,000.001752020-03Migration policy/labor mobilityhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/immigration-policy/center-global-development-migration-program-2020Alexander Berger Zachary Robinson Donation process: This renews a previous grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/immigration-policy/center-global-development-migration-program (2017-03). A conversation https://www.openphilanthropy.org/sites/default/files/Michael_Clemens_11-29-17_%28public%29.pdf (2017-11-29) with Michael Clemens happens between the two grants.

Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support its migration program, led by Dr. Michael Clemens. [...] this funding includes one additional year at the previous funding level and two subsequent years at a funding level that we believe may be more sustainable for the long run. This funding is intended to support Dr. Clemens’s ongoing research and policy work on immigration." https://www.openphilanthropy.org/files/Grants/CGD/CGD_Migration_Program_Description.pdf describes the activities that the previous grant (renewed by this) funded; this grant is likely similar.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The grant page says: "this funding includes one additional year at the previous funding level and two subsequent years at a funding level that we believe may be more sustainable for the long run." The previous funding level was $600,000 per year, so this breaks down to $600,000 for one year and $200,000 each for the next two years.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The grant is made right at the end of the timeframe for the previous three-year grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/immigration-policy/center-global-development-migration-program#About_the_grant (2017-03).
Intended funding timeframe in months: 36

Donor thoughts on making further donations to the donee: The framing "funding level that we believe may be more sustainable for the long run" in the grant page suggests that Open Philanthropy is planning to renew funding at the reduced level ($200,000/year) after this three-year grant ends.
fair-fish international association630,370.002422020-03Animal welfare/factory farming/fishhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/fair-fish-international-association-general-supportLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "This grant is intended to help FFI develop welfare profiles for more species in its FishEthoBase database, conduct and disseminate research on new fish welfare solutions, and consult with fish farms to comply with new fish welfare standards adopted by Friend of the Sea and others."

Other notes: Currency info: donation given as 565,000.00 EUR (conversion done via donor calculation); intended funding timeframe in months: 24.
Alianima130,000.005552020-03Animal welfare/factory farming/chicken/layer chicken/pig/cage-free/corporate campaignhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/alianima-general-supportLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "Alianima works to secure corporate pledges to reduce the use of battery cages for layer hens and gestation crates for pigs in Brazil."

Other notes: Affected countries: Brazil.
Brighter Green340,000.003812020-03Animal welfare/factory farminghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/brighter-green-farm-animal-welfare-advocacy-2020Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support work to host another national Good Food Hero Summit as well as several symposia, and to continue its movement-building efforts in Asia."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant is part of a China focus strategy announced by Lewis Bollard at https://www.facebook.com/groups/EffectiveAnimalActivism/permalink/656583861179155/ (2016-10-25) and explained in depth in a document https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/grants-support-farm-animal-welfare-work-china announced at https://groups.google.com/a/openphilanthropy.org/forum/#!topic/newly.published/ngrjni1iKLg (2017-08-09).

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The timing matches the end of the timeframe for the previous two-year grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/brighter-green-farm-animal-welfare-advocacy-china-2018 (2018-03).
Intended funding timeframe in months: 24

Other notes: Affected countries: China.
International Society for Applied Ethology229,830.004702020-03Animal welfare/factory farminghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/international-society-applied-ethology-advance-farm-animal-welfare-science-in-developing-nations-2020Amanda Hungerford Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to advance welfare science in developing nations. [...] ISAE intends to use these funds to host workshops and meetings, and to provide scholarships for farm animal welfare scientists in developing nations."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "Developing nations account for an increasing share of the world’s factory farmed animals, yet have relatively few farm animal welfare scientists. [...] Our farm animal welfare team believes ISAE’s work could help to both accelerate the development of farm animal welfare science in developing nations and increase the likelihood that the science focuses primarily on welfare rather than productivity."

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): No explicit amount calculations are provideed. The amount per year is pretty similar to the previosu two-year grant of $135,412.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The grant is made shortly before the end of the two-year timeframe for the previous grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/international-society-applied-ethology-advance-farm-animal-welfare-science-in-developing-nations (2018-04).
Intended funding timeframe in months: 36
WestExec540,000.002662020-02AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/westexec-report-on-assurance-in-machine-learning-systemsLuke Muehlhauser Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Contractor agreement "to support the production and distribution of a report on advancing policy, process, and funding for the Department of Defense’s work on test, evaluation, verification, and validation for deep learning systems."

Donor retrospective of the donation: The increases in grant amounts suggest that the donor was satisfied with initial progress.

Other notes: The grant amount was updated in October and November 2020 and again in May 2021. The original grant amount had been $310,000. Announced: 2020-03-20.
Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security1,860,000.001132020-02Biosecurity and pandemic preparednesshttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity/johns-hopkins-center-health-security-masters-phd-program-supportAndrew Snyder-Beattie Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support the implementation of a Masters and PhD program. The program will focus on major biological and health security risks. This funding will support four PhD students for four years each and four masters students for one year each, as well as faculty time for advising students and a junior administrator."

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 48; announced: 2020-03-23.
Georgetown Center for Global Health Science and Security1,200,000.001522020-02Biosecurity and pandemic preparednesshttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity-and-pandemic-preparedness/georgetown-center-global-health-science-and-security-general-support-2020Andrew Snyder-Beattie Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: The intended uses are not described explicitly, but the previous three-year grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity-and-pandemic-preparedness/georgetown-center-global-health-science-and-security-general-support that this renews had a list of intended uses, and this renewal likely has similar intended uses.

Donor retrospective of the donation: Just one month later, in March 2020, Open Phil would make an exit grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity-and-pandemic-preparedness/georgetown-center-global-health-science-and-security-general-support-march-2020 to the grantee, covering two years of operating support. This suggests a change of some sort within the interim one-month period in Open Phil's evaluation of GHSS.

Other notes: Intended funding timeframe in months: 12; announced: 2020-03-09.
Malaria Consortium33,926,000.0042020-02Global health/malaria/seasonal malaria chemopreventionhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-health-and-development/miscellaneous/malaria-consortium-seasonal-malaria-chemoprevention-february-2020GiveWell Donation process: The grant is based on GiveWell's recommendation. GiveWell made the recommendations as part of its end-of-year recommendations to Open Philanthropy, along with allocations to other GiveWell top and standout charities. The total budget is based on guidelines set by Open Philanthropy. GiveWell explains the process in detail at https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2019/open-philanthropy-recommendation (published November 2019).

Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2019/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Malaria_Consortium-s_SMC_program says: "This funding will enable Malaria Consortium to spend: (1) $30.1 million to fully fill its funding gaps in its three current countries of operation—Burkina Faso, Chad, and Nigeria—through 2021. This figure includes scaling up operations to cover additional areas in each country. Cost-effectiveness: 16x cash, (2) $3.8 million to expand its SMC program to a fourth country. Malaria Consortium has told us that this will most likely be Togo. Cost-effectiveness: 18x cash for Togo."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2019/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Our_process says: "This work is highly cost-effective. We model this funding gap as 17x cash. In addition, Malaria Consortium performs well on our qualitative measures of organizational strength; this assessment supports our view that this gap is highly cost-effective to fill. The funding gap is time-sensitive. Malaria Consortium will need to begin planning for 2021 in 2020." https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2019/qualitative-assessments has the lined qualitative assessments. https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2019/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Principles_we_followed lists the general principles followed.

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount is chosen to be sufficient to cover Malaria Consortium's funding gaps till 2021. https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2019/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Malaria_Consortium-s_SMC_program says: "We are choosing not to recommend that Open Philanthropy fill some or all of Malaria Consortium's funding gap for 2022—a funding gap of $35.6 million at an estimated cost-effectiveness of 17x cash—in order to preserve our options for the future. We do not expect that having funding for 2022 would affect how Malaria Consortium operates in 2020."

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Part of GiveWell's end-of-year recommendations for Open Philanthropy, so the timing is determined by the timing of end-of-year recommendations (which is usually the week after Thanksgiving in the United States). The grant is made by Open Philanthropy shortly after the recommendations.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 23

Donor thoughts on making further donations to the donee: https://www.givewell.org/charities/top-charities/2019/open-philanthropy-recommendation#Malaria_Consortium-s_SMC_program says: "However, we think that the 2022 funding gap is the most cost-effective unfilled option among our top charities, and we're excited for individual donors to close this gap. Malaria Consortium's SMC program is our recommendation for donors who want to give directly to a specific charity."

Donor retrospective of the donation: Malaria Consortium would continue to remain a GiveWell top charity in 2020 and 2021, and receive several additional grants from the GiveWell Maximum Impact Fund and Open Philanthropy on GiveWell's recommendation.

Other notes: See https://www.givewell.org/charities/malaria-consortium/November-2019-version for GiveWell's review of Malaria Consortium at the time of the grant recommendation. Affected countries: Burkina Faso|Chad|Nigeria|Togo.
Bipartisan Commission on Biodefense2,620,000.00772020-02Biosecurity and pandemic preparednesshttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity/bipartisan-commission-on-biodefense-general-supportAndrew Snyder-Beattie Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: The grant page says that the grantee "advocates for improvements to U.S. biodefense policy through a variety of activities, including hosting public meetings, publishing reports, and conducting outreach to those in the U.S. government."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says that this grant follows January 2018 support https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity/blue-ribbon-study-panel-biodefense-general-support-2018 to the Blue Ribbon Panel Study on Biodefense, but the connection between the two grantees is not explained.

Other notes: Announced: 2020-03-16.
Nuclear Threat Initiative6,000,000.00292020-02Biosecurity and pandemic preparednesshttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity/nuclear-threat-initiative-biosecurity-program-support-2020Andrew Snyder-Beattie Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant to support NTI's biosecurity program. This includes "work to reduce Global Catastrophic Biological Risks, enhance biosecurity, and advance pandemic preparedness."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: No reasons stated, but reasons likely similar to the previous three-year $6 million support https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/biosecurity/nuclear-threat-initiative-biosecurity-program-support#Case_for_the_grant lists these reasons for the previous grant: (1) "NTI’s track record of securing wins in the nuclear security and arms control space." (2) "Our confidence in Dr. Elizabeth Cameron". (3) "NTI appears open to considering work focused on GCR prevention." Also: "we consider biosecurity a neglected area, particularly with regard to GCRs, and this grant is part of a broader effort to fund influential organizations and individuals working in this space that we find credible and that share some of our priorities."

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): Both the amount and duration of the funding timeframe ($6 million over 3 years) are identical to the previous grant to support the program, made October 2017.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Timing likely determined by the three-year window of the previous grant coming to an end. However, the grant is made a little before the end of the three-year window.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 36

Other notes: Announced: 2020-04-10.
Animal Equality1,901,000.001112020-02Animal welfare/factory farming/chicken/broiler chicken/cage-free/corporate campaignhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/animal-equality-cage-free-and-broiler-welfareLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support cage-free and broiler welfare. Animal Equality plans to use these funds to support work in Italy, Spain, Germany, and the UK, including investigations, fundraising, and general operations."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "Animal Equality has helped secure cage-free and broiler welfare wins and conducted investigations in Europe, and plans to use these funds to continue its work."

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount is very similar to a similar two-year grant ($2,110,460) made to the same four countries in November 2017. However, there was a separate grant made June 2018 covering two of the countries, which confuses the comparison.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): The timing roughly coincides with the expiration of the November 2017 support. No explicit reasons for the timing are given.
Intended funding timeframe in months: 24

Other notes: This is a total of four grants (presumably one grant per country). Affected countries: Germany|Italy|Spain|United Kingdom.
Soko Tierschutz297,291.004182020-02Animal welfare/factory farming/fish/poultryhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/soko-tierschutz-factory-farm-investigations-october-2020Lewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: Grant "to support investigations and publicity on fish and poultry welfare in Germany and Eastern Europe."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page hints at both the scale of the problem and the grantee's track record: "Approximately 150 million farmed birds and 20 million farmed fish are alive in Germany at any time. Soko Tierschutz investigations have generated media coverage in Germany and elsewhere."

Other notes: Currency info: donation given as 270,000.00 EUR (conversion done via donor calculation); intended funding timeframe in months: 24; affected countries: Germany|Eastern Europe.
Commonwealth Veterinary Association15,000.007762020-02Animal welfare/factory farminghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/us-policy/farm-animal-welfare/commonwealth-veterinary-association-farm-animal-welfareLewis Bollard Intended use of funds (category): Direct project expenses

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "This grant will provide funding for a farm animal welfare workshop in February 2020, course fees for two staff members of the Veterinary College, Bangalore, to attend farm animal welfare classes at Cambridge University, and related educational materials."

Other notes: Affected countries: India.
80,000 Hours3,457,284.00522020-02Effective altruism/movement growth/career counselinghttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/giving/grants/80000-hours-general-support-2020Committee for Effective Altruism Support Donation process: The decision of whether to donate seems to have followed the Open Philanthropy Project's usual process, but the exact amount to donate was determined by the Committee for Effective Altruism Support using the process described at https://www.openphilanthropy.org/committee-effective-altruism-support

Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: 80,000 Hours aims to solve skill bottlenecks for career paths in what it considers to be the world’s most pressing problems. It does this by providing online research, in-person advice, and support with the goal of helping talented graduates age 20-40 enter high-impact careers.

Donor reason for selecting the donee: Open Phil's grant writeup says: "we see the basic pros and cons of this support similarly to what we’ve presented in past writeups on the matter" with the most recent similar grant being https://www.openphilanthropy.org/giving/grants/80000-hours-general-support-2019 (February 2019) and the most recent grant with a detailed writeup being https://www.openphilanthropy.org/giving/grants/80000-hours-general-support-2018 (February 2018)

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): The amount is decided by the Committee for Effective Altruism Support https://www.openphilanthropy.org/committee-effective-altruism-support but individual votes and reasoning are not public.

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Reasons for timing are not discussed, but this is likely the time when the Committee for Effective Altruism Support does its 2020 allocation. Two other grants decided by CEAS at around the same time are: Machine Intelligence Research Institute ($7,703,750),Centre for Effective Altruism ($4,146,795), and Ought ($1,593,333)

Other notes: Announced: 2020-03-09.
Center for Applied Rationality375,000.003642020-02Rationality improvementhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/giving/grants/center-applied-rationality-general-support-2020Claire Zabel Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: The grant page says: "CFAR is an adult education nonprofit that seeks to find and develop cognitive tools and to deliver these tools to promising individuals, groups, organizations, and networks focused on solving large and pressing problems. [...] They introduce people to and/or strengthen their connections with the effective altruism (EA) community and way of thinking, which we hope results in people with outstanding potential pursuing more impactful career trajectories. CFAR is particularly interested in growing the talent pipeline for work on potential risks from advanced artificial intelligence (AI)."

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says: "Our primary interest in these workshops is that we believe they introduce people to and/or strengthen their connections with the effective altruism (EA) community and way of thinking, which we hope results in people with outstanding potential pursuing more impactful career trajectories." Also: "CFAR is particularly interested in growing the talent pipeline for work on potential risks from advanced artificial intelligence (AI). More on our interest in supporting work [...]"

Donor reason for donating that amount (rather than a bigger or smaller amount): Amount chosen to provide one year of operating support

Donor reason for donating at this time (rather than earlier or later): Timing determind by the end of the funding timeframe of the previous two-year grant https://www.openphilanthropy.org/giving/grants/center-applied-rationality-general-support-2018 made January 2018
Intended funding timeframe in months: 12

Donor thoughts on making further donations to the donee: This is an exit grant, so Open Phil does not plan to make further grants to CFAR.

Other notes: Announced: 2020-04-20.
Machine Intelligence Research Institute7,703,750.00242020-02AI safetyhttps://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/machine-intelligence-research-institute-general-support-2020Claire Zabel Committee for Effective Altruism Support Donation process: The decision of whether to donate seems to have followed the Open Philanthropy Project's usual process, but the exact amount to donate was determined by the Committee for Effective Altruism Support using the process described at https://www.openphilanthropy.org/committee-effective-altruism-support

Intended use of funds (category): Organizational general support

Intended use of funds: MIRI plans to use these funds for ongoing research and activities related to AI safety

Donor reason for selecting the donee: The grant page says "we see the basic pros and cons of this support similarly to what we’ve presented in past writeups on the matter" with the most similar previous grant being https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/machine-intelligence-research-institute-general-support-2019 (February 2019). Past writeups include the grant pages for the October 2017 three-year support https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/machine-intelligence-research-institute-general-support-2017 and the August 2016 one-year support https://www.openphilanthropy.org/focus/global-catastrophic-risks/potential-risks-advanced-artificial-intelligence/machine-intelligence-rese